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Principles of designing for the bicycle John Franklin Cycling Skills & Safety Consultant
Core principles Conservation of momentum Even surfaces Maximise visibility Personal space Secondary defence Make it legal
Conservation of momentum Each stop = 100 metres travel Each person has optimum rate of pedalling Direct, easy routes that minimise stopping and accommodate likely speeds
TYPICAL CYCLING SPEEDS (on the level)
Even surfaces Poor surfaces destroy momentum Comfort and safety considerations
Observation and Visibility Looking ahead easy (eye movement) Looking behind more difficult (head movement) and less stable
Observation and visibility A common cause of crashes
Personal space For comfort and safety To provide margin for ‘drift’ and error
More space needed if: Traffic speeds > 30mph High-sided vehicles Strong wind or heavy rain
Secondary Defence No-one should be hurt because they make a single error of judgement
Make it legal
Chapter #8 Study Guide Answers. CHAPTER 8 Options and Responses STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 8 LESSON 1 Options and Choice A.Match the Key Term on the left.
Interacting With Other Users. Most collisions occur when two or more objects try to occupy the same space at the same time. Drivers must identify movement.
Being Cycle Aware a half-day workshop for. 2 Workshop Purpose To bring together and cyclists to make more aware of road safety issues for bicycle users,
CHAPTER 5 DEFENSIVE DRIVING. Preventing Accidents A. Most accidents are caused by driver error. B. Standard Accident Prevention Formula: 1. Be Alert 2.
Chapter 1. How Can you Reduce Risk Within the HTS? First what do we mean by the word Risk when it comes to driving? Risk – is the chance of injury to.
Driving at Night & in Inclement Weather. Visibility The single biggest contributor to crashes is failing to identify a risk! Tips for cutting down those.
Managing Time, Space, and Visibility. Characteristics/Visual Fields Peripheral Vision Fringe Vision Peripheral Vision Motion and Color Changes Fringe.
CHAPTER 5 DEFENSIVE DRIVING. I. Preventing Accidents A. Most accidents are caused by driver error. B. Standard Accident Prevention Formula: 1. Be Alert.
The information people use to make those decisions is drawn from an area of awareness that moves with them as they travel. We call this area the driver’s.
Passing!. Determining Passing Time/Space Needs Determining Passing Time/Space Needs T – 5.23 Topic 3 Lesson 1 To pass another vehicle safely you must:
Information Processing: Moderate Risk Driving Environment Topic 1 -- Processing Information Topic 2 -- Intersections, Curves, and Hills Topic 3 -- Passing.
Module 3 Safety Considerations Safety benefits of roundabouts Roundabouts in the United States Research has shown there are many safety benefits associated.
MERGING What Young Drivers Must Do to Execute These Maneuvers.
TRAFFIC SKILLS 101 Dan Breva Jason Tunzman Andrew Magill.
Chapter 1 Assessing and Managing Risk. Highway- Transportations System The main goal of the Highway transportation system (HTS) is to enable people and.
The Natural Laws 1.INERTIA A. A body in motion continues moving in a straight line and at a constant speed until some force acts upon it. B. A body at.
Transportation Tuesday TRANSPORTATION TUESDAY AVOID LANE CHANGE / MERGE ACCIDENTS … TURN OUT YOUR SIDE MIRRORS TO REDUCE BLIND ZONES Good visibility is.
Spokane Driving School Module 7 By: Kami Kaspar Traction & Skidding Emergency Situations Visibility.
© 2006 PSEN Unit - #4 Let’s Go Driving Identification Evaluation Control Monitor.
1 Chapter 4 Starting, Moving, and Stopping the Vehicle.
The High Way Transportation System and Risk Management Traffic Laws.
DRIVING TOO FAST FOR CONDITIONS A Collision Countermeasures Presentation.
Vehicle Balance Weight Shifts Change Vehicle Balanced DROPS Front LIFTS Rear T – 2.28 Topic 4 Lesson 2 Accelerating, braking, or steering shifts the vehicle’s.
Module 3 Brianna James Percy Antoine. Entering the Roadway/Moving to the Curb/Backing The seven steps to safely pull from a curb. Place foot firmly.
MODULE 5 Objectives: Students will learn to recognize moderate risk environments, establish vehicle speed, manage intersections, hills, and passing maneuvers.
SHARING THE ROAD WITH HEAVY VEHICLES You don’t have to be told there are a lot of trucks on the road. But do you always drive or ride with trucks in mind?
Chapter 1 Assessing and Managing Risk. Highway-Transportation System The main goal of the Highway transportation system (HTS) is to enable people and.
EX-1 Intersections & Interchanges Improved Traffic Signal Control Ramp metering Intersection Collision Avoidance Systems Automated Enforcement.
Transportation Tuesday BLIND ZONES AVOID LANE CHANGE/MERGE ACCIDENTS … TURN OUT YOUR SIDE MIRRORS TO REDUCE YOUR BLIND ZONES Good visibility is no accident.
Ch 9 Basic Driving Skills. Moving from a Curb into Traffic and out of traffic to a curb Get in groups of 3-4 people. List the procedures for leaving a.
Natural Laws and Driving Chapter 14. Natural Laws Natural Laws are ALWAYS at work Inertia Friction Momentum Kinetic energy Gravity.
Your Turn In the Driver’s Seat Keeping a safe distance Created by Debbie Mintz Using: Life Skills Driving- Savage & Morrison In the Driver’s Seat- Glisan.
Gaining Visual InformationGaining Visual Information - Focus Vision - Focus Vision - Central Vision - Central Vision - Peripheral Vision - Peripheral Vision.
New Jersey’s Seat Belt Law All passengers must wear their seatbelts. The driver is responsible for all passengers under 18 years of age. Passengers.
Motion The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of movement, and speed. How do we know this flag is in motion?
HOME ZONES THE WEST SUSSEX EXPERIENCE ALEX SHARKEY WEST SUSSEX COUNTY COUNCIL.
Transportation Tuesday TRANSPORTATION TUESDAY The probability of being killed doubles, every 15 kph driven in excess of 80 kph, should a motor vehicle.
Responsible Driving Mastery Learning. Define and apply a variety of defensive driving techniques like signaling, steering and scanning all around your.
Sharing the Road with Others Chapter 8. Pedestrians… Since 2004, over 30,000 pedestrians have been injured on New Jersey roads.
Road Safety Training Handicap International Belgium.
Traffic Safety Terms. Acceleration Lane An expressway lane used to speed up to highway speed.
Safety Signs. Traffic Light Ahead Slow down and prepare to stop.
Driving Vocabulary Absolute Speed Limit: It is the maximum or minimum posted speed limit at which one may drive under normal conditions in good weather.
CHAPTER 6 BASIC MANEUVERS. MOVING INTO & OUT OF TRAFFIC THE FIRST THING TO DO WHEN MOVING YOUR VEHICLE INTO TRAFFIC IS TO PLAN YOUR MOVE. 3 THINGS THAT.
Vision & Driving 90% of your decisions are based on information you gather with your eyes Peripheral Vision=To the sides Central Vision=In the front Vertical.
Herne Hill Shared Space Developing a Transport Vision In 2014, 4 students from City University undertook a Pedestrian Review using industry standard methods.
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