Presentation on theme: "A Regional Public Health System in NH"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Regional Public Health System in NH What Do We Have Now?Why Regionalize?How Do We Make a Case for RegionalPublic Health in a State Like NH?What Would Change?
2 What Does Public Health Look Like in NH Today? Each of New Hampshire’s 234 cities and towns are required by law to have a health officerOnly five New Hampshire communities maintain public health departments of various size ; no county health departmentsAt the State level, DHHS is the lead public health agency. The Department of Environmental Services, Department of Education, and Department of Safety also play key rolesIn almost all New Hampshire communities, non-governmental organizations provide a significant sub-set of public health services
3 2004 New Hampshire Public Health Network “Assuring the health and safety of all NH residents”14 Coalitions118 Towns50% of NH towns70% of the NH population covered5-11 communities per coalition
4 All Health Hazard Regions Organized to plan for and respond to public health emergencies19 Regions
5 And more maps for other services Community health centersTobacco coalitionsWIC servicesHIV preventionEtc, etc, etc.
8 Potential Benefits of Regionalization Study in the AJPH, March 2006 examined performance of public health agencies, size and resourcesIt noted that small public health agencies may benefit by combining resources and operationsBut gains may diminish with size – too big is not good (but NH is small in both geography and population)Mays, G, McHugh, M et al. AJPH, March 2006 Vol. 96, No. 3
9 Regionalization GoalOverall Goal – A performance-based public health delivery system, which provides all 10 essential public health services throughout New HampshireProvide high quality public health based on national standards
10 Why do we need regional public health in one of the healthiest states? What is killing us and making us sick today are chronic illnesses (heart disease, cancer, respiratory disease, injuries)Many of the contributing factors to these are preventable – tobacco, diet, physical activity, alcohol consumptionWell-run community based public health programs can prevent these problemsMoney can be saved
11 What is Public Health ?The study and practice of managing threats to the health of a community or populationThe public health approach is applied to populations ranging from a handful of people to the whole human populationPriorities are to prevent (rather than treat) a disease or injury through the study of cases; promoting healthy behaviors; preventing the spread of disease; and addressing policy issues.
12 Individual vs. Populations How does public health differfrom health care?.Individual vs. Populations
13 Example- Smoking Health care response Public Health Response Treat an individual for smoking related health problems – asthma, pneumonia, heart disease, cancer, etc.Counsel to quit smokingProvide nicotine replacement therapyPublic Health ResponseStudy the effects of tobacco – Surgeon General’s reportLabeling of cigarettesPublic information campaignsPromote policies such as non-smoking workplacesEnforcement of laws such as limiting tobacco sales to minors
14 Public Health Goes to You Unlike personal health care services, in many cases the public does not have to travel to receive public health servicesPublic health staff go out to do investigationsPublic health staff analyze diseases by populationsPublic health education campaigns are delivered where people go or access information (radio,TV, billboards, schools, workplaces, etc.)So public health regions do not need to align exactly with hospitals or doctors offices service areas
15 Public Health Saves Money $10 per person per year in proven community-based disease prevention (improvements in physical activity, nutrition and preventing smoking) could yield saving of $2.8 billion in health care costs in 2 yearsThat’s $2 in return for every $1 invested in the first 1-2 yearsPrevention for a Healthier America:Investments in Disease Prevention Yield Significant Savings, Stronger Communities. Trust for America’s Health July 2008
16 Obesity for example23.6 % population is obese, 61.8% are overweight or obese – significant increase fromNH ranks 35th in the nation, despite having the lowest poverty rateWorst in New England ¹For the first time in 2 centuries our children’s life expectancy is potentially less than ours (2-5 years) due to obesity and related factors (diabetes, heart disease, kidney failure, cancer)F as in Fat: How Obesity Policies are Failing in America 2008, Trust for America’s Health, August 2008NEJM March 2005
17 Example - Obesity Health Care Response Treatment for conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterolNutritional counselingBariatric surgeryPublic Health ResponseWorking with schools to provide healthy lunch menusWorking with community coalitions to develop walkable communitiesAssist in developing policies for physical activities in schools
19 The Proposed Approach The DPHS and Regionalization Initiative workgroup envision one lead public health agency per region. It must be linked a governmental entity that is responsible to coordinate or directly provide the 10 essential services. The lead agency may subcontract or create memoranda of understanding for some essential servicesRegions based on existing ones (many are quite similar) and take into account geographic features, existing public health services and population sizeTwo levels of public health (primary and comprehensive) that acknowledge existing resources and capacity to carry out public health services. Comprehensive = Manchester and NashuaPrimary = everywhere else
20 ApproachWill be based on national standards for what a public health agency should look like and how it should perform Will be an evolutionary process – some may not meet all components of a primary agency from the beginning but will move there in time. Will require changes to state law.
21 The Role of Government in Public Health Assessment – Takes into account all relevant factors to the extent possible, based on objective factors, without self-interestPolicy Development – Takes place as a result of interactions among public and private organizationsAssurance – Assures that necessary services are provided to reach agreed upon goals by encouraging the private sector, requiring it, or providing services directly
22 A Primary Regional Public Health Agency Staff, funding, and legal recognition to assure a fundamental public health presencePerforms some level of the 10 essential servicesCollaborates extensively with system partners in the region to coordinate more comprehensive servicesThe NH DPHS continues to provide some core services (i.e.. lab, disease investigations) to these regionsCoordinates with local health officers or move towards shared health officer among municipalities
23 Proposed Staffing Every region would have: Shared across regions: AdministratorHealth educator/marketing staffNurse (?)Environmental health specialistSupport staffShared across regions:EpidemiologistEmergency preparedness coordinatorMedical consultant(Shared or in-kind)Financial managerIT support
24 How is this Different than the Public Health Networks? Proposal that there be a legally-recognized regional public health council which…Designates a lead public health entity that…Is responsible to the council and regional public health system partners for…Implementing a coordinated approach to provide public health services to the public
25 Next Steps-What Do We Have? Assessments to Help Us Determine, Resources, Costs, Needs and ApproachJune February 2010Financial analysis of all state/local/private public health funding with consideration of efficiencies from regionalization – Patrick Bernet, FAU Assessment of local/regional public health system capacity to deliver the 10 essential services- with a gaps analysis – Lea Lafave, CHI Assessment of what the link to government could look like - Jennifer Wierwille Norton
26 Financial AssessmentTo gain an understanding of current public health expenditures in each region and for the state as a wholeWill capture state, municipal and private-sector fundingTo try to understand the potential financial implications of regionalizing select public health services
27 Lead organization : Regional Partners : State Capacity AssessmentPurposeTo identify assess and gaps in the region and these that may lend themselves to regionalization.Process:Framework of the National Association of City and County Health OfficialsEssential ServiceStandardIndicatorRevised ToolLead organization : Regional Partners : StateEach region in the state (7 to start) You are first!! So, the purpose of the assessment is….and this is part of a greater effort of public health regionalization that is underway in NH. It is part of an effort to build the public health infrastructure, and so, we are assessing the assets and gaps of each region as they relate to deviverying the 10 essential public health services. Now, if you have any questions about the 10 essential services or whether you deliver any of them, you will hopefully have a very clear understanding before too long, and by the end of the day.And, as I mentioned, as our first regional assessment. Until today it has been all very conceptual. We are truly assessing the process of the assessment, and looking for how it can be improved. Until today it has been all very conceptual.
28 What is the Governance Assessment? Focuses on figuring out who’s responsible or held accountable; not doing the work but overseeing it;Who’s overseeing performance of the public health entities who are partners.Who’s assessing the degree to which the partners in the region have the necessary authority, resources and policies to provide essential public health services.Assures that the infrastructure exists to protect and promote health in the community.
29 Governance Assessment in Two Parts Part I: Examining Readiness to Serve in a Governance Function:The first part of the assessment provides a tool to measure the region’s readiness to serve as governing body or Public Health Council to oversee the delivery of services and programs.Part II: Examining Types of Lead Public Health EntitiesParticipants will use part II of the tool to hold a facilitated discussion about the different options available for the region’s Public Health Council to choose as a lead public health entity (type of entity).
30 What Will Change?Statewide, regional and more formalized recognized system, in law that provides a more even level of each essential serviceCoordinates the current fragmented system that delivers very different levels of serviceMore efficient use/better coordination of existing resourcesBased on national standards -PHAB
31 What Won’t Change?Municipalities retain legal authority for enforcing state laws and local ordinancesDPHS provides some core services such as lab and disease controlLocal agencies will still receive funds directly from DPHS but will need to be part of the regional system
32 And the benefits will be… Higher quality services at the best possible costAbility to measure ourselves against national standardsBetter positioning for increasingly competitive federal funds
33 Questions? Joan Ascheim NH Dept of HHS, Division of Public Health Servicesext. 4110Lea LafaveCommunity Health Institute/JSI