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For Educational Use Only © Factoring ax 2 + bx + c Brian Preston Algebra

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 shirt Real World Application How long until you catch the shirt? 70 ft. 6 ft.

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Lesson Objectives 1) Factor a quadratic expression of the form ax 2 + bx + c. 2) Solve quadratic equations by factoring.

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For Educational Use Only © ) x 2 – 2x – 8 1 Factors of 8 1 8 – 2 -2 = 2 4 Factor the trinomial. Review = 8 – 1 7 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) x 2 – 2x – – 4 -2 = Factor the trinomial. 1 8 2 4 Factors of 8 Review = 4 – 2 2 = (–1) to all

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For Educational Use Only © ) x 2 – 2x – 8 – 4 1x – 4 – 4 2 ( = Factor the trinomial. 1 8 2 4 Factors of 8 )( 1x ) 1x 2 1x Review

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For Educational Use Only © ) A mascot shoots t-shirts from a “T-shirt cannon” into the crowd. The T-shirts are released from a height of 6 feet with an initial upward velocity of 72 feet per second. If you catch a T-shirt at your seat 70 feet above the court, how long was it in the air before you caught it? = – 16t 2 long 6 6 Real World Application 72t hvs 706 upward +

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 – 70 – 4 Real World Application 2) – 16t t + 6 = 70 Solve the equation by factoring. – 70 = + 72t – 16t 2 0 – 64 Standard form = – 18t 4t – 4

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 – a ax 2 + bx + c = 0 (4) (16) (– 18) 2) 4t 2 – 18t + 16 = 0 a = b = – 18 4 c = 16 t = b 2 – 4ac – b ± 2a t = 2 – 42 – 4 – ± 2 (– 18) b b c a Standard form Real World Application

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 (4) 2) 324 t = – 256 ± t = ± 8 18 (4) (16) (–18) t = 2 – 42 – 4 – ± 2 (–18) Real World Application

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 t = t =t = 8.24 ± = 8.24 – 8 18 = t = 3.28 seconds 2) Real World Application Way down Way up

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 shirt Real World Application How long until you catch the shirt? 70 ft. 6 ft seconds

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 3) 3x 2 – 4x - 7 Factors of 21 1 21 – 4 -4 = 3 7 Now the numbers are getting bigger = 21 – 1 20 =

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For Educational Use Only © – 7 Example 3) 3x 2 – 4x = Factor the trinomial. 1 21 3 7 Factors of = 7 – 3 4 = (–1) to all

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For Educational Use Only © – 7 – 7 3 ( + 1 Example 3) 3x 2 – 4x = Factor the trinomial. 1 21 3 7 Factors of – 7 3x )( 1x ) 3x 2 3x +3 – 7 1x

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Rule x 2 – 2x – 8 One (-) & One (+) Patterns for factoring trinomials. (x + 2) (x - 4) x 2 + 6x + 8 (x + 2) (x + 4) x 2 – 6x + 8 (x – 2) (x – 4) Two (+) Two (-) x 2 + 2x – 8 (x + 4) (x - 2)

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For Educational Use Only © Example 4) 2x x + 5 Factors of 10 1 = 2 5 Factor the trinomial = 10 – 1 9 =

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For Educational Use Only © x ) 2x x ( Example +11 = Factor the trinomial. 1 10 2 5 Factors of 10 )( 1x ) 2x 2 Switch

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For Educational Use Only © x ) 2x x + 5 ( Example +11 = Factor the trinomial. 1 10 2 5 Factors of 10 )( 1x )

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 5) 6a 2 – 19a + 15 Factors of 90 1 90 – = 2 45 Factor the trinomial. 3 30 5 18 6 15 9 = 90 – 1 89 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 5) 6a 2 – 19a + 15 Factors of 90 1 = 2 45 Factor the trinomial. 3 30 5 18 6 15 9 = 45 – 2 43 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 5) 6a 2 – 19a + 15 Factors of 90 1 = 2 45 Factor the trinomial. 3 30 5 18 6 15 9 = 30 – 3 27 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 5) 6a 2 – 19a + 15 Factors of 90 1 = 2 45 Factor the trinomial. 3 30 5 18 6 15 9 = 18 – 5 13 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 5) 6a 2 – 19a + 15 Factors of 90 1 = 2 45 Factor the trinomial. 3 30 5 18 6 15 9 = 15 – 6 9 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 6a 2 – 19a + 15 – 9 + – 10 Example -19 = Factor the trinomial. Factors of 90 1 90 2 45 3 30 5 18 6 15 9 = 10 – 9 1 = (–1) to all

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For Educational Use Only © –10 -9 –10 2a 3a 5) 6a 2 – 19a + 15 – 9 + – 10 – 10 – 9 ( – 5 – 3 Example -19 = Factor the trinomial. Factors of 90 )( ) 6a 2 1 90 2 45 3 30 5 18 6 15 9 10

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 6) 6x 2 – 2x – 8 Factors of 48 1 48 – 2 -2 = 2 24 Factor the trinomial. 3 16 4 12 6 = 48 – 1 47 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 6x 2 – 2x – 8 Example Factors of 48 1 = 2 24 Factor the trinomial. 3 16 4 12 6 = 24 – 2 22 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 6x 2 – 2x – 8 Example Factors of 48 1 = 2 24 Factor the trinomial. 3 16 4 12 6 = 16 – 3 13 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 6x 2 – 2x – 8 Example Factors of 48 1 = 2 24 Factor the trinomial. 3 16 4 12 6 = 12 – 4 8 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 6x 2 – 2x – – 8 Example -2 = Factor the trinomial. Factors of 48 1 48 2 24 3 16 4 12 6 = 8 – 6 2 = (–1) to all

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For Educational Use Only © –8 +6 –8 3x 2x 6) 6x 2 – 2x – – 8 – 8 6 ( – Example -2 = Factor the trinomial. Factors of 48 )( ) 6x 2 1 48 2 24 3 16 4 12 6 8

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 7) 8t 2 – 4t – 5 Factors of 40 1 40 – 4 -4 = 2 20 Factor the trinomial. 4 10 5 = 40 – 1 39 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 8t 2 – 4t – 5 Example Factors of 40 1 = 2 20 Factor the trinomial. 4 10 5 = 20 – 2 18 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 8t 2 – 4t – 5 Example Factors of 40 1 = 2 20 Factor the trinomial. 4 10 5 = 10 – 4 6 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 8t 2 – 4t – 5 Example Factors of 40 1 = 2 20 Factor the trinomial. 4 10 5 8 Not Factorable = 8 – 5 3 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 8) 2z 2 – 17z – 19 = 0 Factors of 38 1 38 – = 2 19 Solve the equation by factoring = 38 – 1 37 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 2z 2 – 17z – 19 = – 19 Example -17 = Solve the equation by factoring. 1 38 2 19 Factors of = 19 – 2 17 = (–1) to all

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For Educational Use Only © z 1z2z1z +2 –19 8) 2z 2 – 17z – 19 = – 19 – 19 2 ( + 1 Example -17 = Solve the equation by factoring. 1 38 2 19 Factors of 38 )( )=0 2z 2

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For Educational Use Only © z – z 2 – 1 (2z – 19) (1z + 1) (2z – 19) (1z + 1) Example Solve the equation by factoring. 8) = 0 1z = 19 ( ) ( ) z – 1 = z= z=–

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For Educational Use Only © x – 2 Example 9) 28x 2 – 9x – 1 = – 4x + 2 Solve the equation by factoring. – 2 = – 9x 28x – 3 Standard form – 4x + 4x = – 5x 28x 2 – 3 0

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 9) 28x 2 – 5x – 3 = 0 Factors of 84 1 84 – 5 -5 = 2 42 Solve the equation by factoring. 3 28 4 21 6 14 7 = 84 – 1 83 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 9) 28x 2 – 5x – 3 = 0 Factors of 84 1 = 2 42 Solve the equation by factoring. 3 28 4 21 6 14 7 = 42 – 2 40 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 9) 28x 2 – 5x – 3 = 0 Factors of 84 1 = 2 42 Solve the equation by factoring. 3 28 4 21 6 14 7 = 28 – 3 25 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 9) 28x 2 – 5x – 3 = 0 Factors of 84 1 = 2 42 Solve the equation by factoring. 3 28 4 21 6 14 7 = 21 – 4 17 =

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Example 9) 28x 2 – 5x – 3 = 0 Factors of 84 1 = 2 42 Solve the equation by factoring. 3 28 4 21 6 14 7 = 14 – 6 8 =

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For Educational Use Only © ) 28x 2 – 5x – 3 = – 12 Example -5 = Solve the equation by factoring. Factors of 84 1 84 2 42 3 28 4 21 6 14 7 = 12 – 7 5 = (–1) to all

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For Educational Use Only © x 7x +7 –12 +7 –12 9) 28x 2 – 5x – 3 = – 12 – 12 7 ( – Example -5 = Solve the equation by factoring. Factors of 84 )( )=0 28x 2 1 84 2 42 3 28 4 21 6 14 7 12

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For Educational Use Only © (4x + 1) (7x – 3) (4x + 1) 7x – 3 7x 7 – 1 Example Solve the equation by factoring. 9) = 0 4x = 3 ( ) ( ) 4x – 1 = x= x= – 4

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For Educational Use Only © ) Don’t forget the negative signs. 2) Make sure the expressions and equations are in standard form before factoring. Key Points & Don’t Forget

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 pg #’s even The Assignment

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For Educational Use Only © 2010 Please with errors, confusing slides, improvements, complications, or any other comments or The template is from is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching. Bibliography

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