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SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE DUAL ELIGIBLES IN MASSACHUSETTS: A PROFILE OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES AND SPENDING FOR NON-ELDERLY ADULTS.

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Presentation on theme: "SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE DUAL ELIGIBLES IN MASSACHUSETTS: A PROFILE OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES AND SPENDING FOR NON-ELDERLY ADULTS."— Presentation transcript:

1 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE DUAL ELIGIBLES IN MASSACHUSETTS: A PROFILE OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES AND SPENDING FOR NON-ELDERLY ADULTS ENROLLED IN BOTH MEDICARE AND MEDICAID ELLEN BRESLIN DAVIDSON AND TONY DREYFUS, BD GROUP

2 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE TODAY’S PRESENTATION  DUAL ELIGIBLE POPULATION IN MASSACHUSETTS IN 2008  PRESENTATION FORMAT –EXPLAIN KEY POINTS ABOUT THE DATA –COVER MAJOR TAKEAWAYS –PRESENT SLIDES, WITH TIME FOR REVIEW & QUESTIONS

3 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE KEY POINTS ABOUT THE DATA  MEDICAID AND MEDICARE COMBINED DATA SET –EOHHS AND MMPI OBTAINED DATA VIA DATA USE AGREEMENT –JEN ASSOCIATES CONSTRUCTED THE DATA SET –MERCER PROVIDED DATA BASES –BD GROUP ANALYZED THE DATA  DATA SET INCLUDES –CALENDAR YEAR 2008, ONLY ONE YEAR OF DATA –DUALS AGES YEARS OF AGE –CONTAINS ONLY DUALS WHO ARE NOT IN MANAGED CARE –EXCLUDES PACE AND MEDICARE ADVANTAGE ENROLLEES (n=10,000) –CONTAINS PAID FEE-FOR-SERVICE CLAIMS –EXCLUDES MEDICARE DEDUCTIBLES AND COPAYMENTS

4 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY  DIVERSE POPULATION –BEHAVIORAL HEALTH, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSES, AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES –ONLY 3 PERCENT RESIDED IN INSTITUTIONS –97 PERCENT OF DUALS LIVED IN THE COMMUNITY –19 PERCENT USED HIGH LEVEL OF LONG-TERM SUPPORT SERVICES –HIGH INPATIENT USE  SMALL PROPORTION (6 PERCENT) HAD ANNUAL PER CAPITA COSTS OVER $100,000  BEHAVIORAL HEALTH DIAGNOSES –65 PERCENT HAD A BEHAVIORAL HEALTH DIAGNOSIS –HALF WITH DEPRESSION OR MODERATE MENTAL ILLNESS –SUBGROUPS WITH MORE COMPLEX BEHAVIORAL HEALTH NEEDS

5 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE TOGETHER MEDICAID AND MEDICARE SPENT $2.5 BILLION FOR DUALS IN % MEDICARE SPENDING $1.2 BILLION ($11,500 PER PERSON) 51% COMBINED MEDICAID AND MEDICARE SPENDING FOR DUALS, 2008 $2.5 Billion / 105,000 Duals = $23,700 average annual per capita MEDICAID SPENDING $1.3 BILLION ($12,200 PER PERSON)

6 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE MORE THAN THREE OUT OF FIVE DUALS WERE AGES 45–64 5 NUMBER AND PERCENT OF DUALS 21–64 BY AGE, –3435–4445–5455–64 AGE 15% 22% 33% 30%

7 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE A SMALL PROPORTION OF DUALS ACCOUNTED FOR A LARGE PROPORTION OF TOTAL SPENDING 6 PROPORTIONS OF DUALS AGES 21–64 AND EXPENDITURES, 2008 $0 – $20K RANGE OF ANNUAL PER CAPITA SPENDING LEVELS $20 – $50K$50 – $100K> $100K SHARE OF ENROLLEESSHARE OF SPENDING

8 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE NEARLY NINE OUT OF TEN HEALTH CARE DOLLARS WERE SPENT ON DUALS LIVING IN THE COMMUNITY 7 SHARE OF ENROLLEES AND EXPENDITURES FOR DUALS IN THE COMMUNITY AND IN INSTITUTIONS, 2008 SHARE OF ENROLLEESSHARE OF SPENDING DUALS RECEIVING NO OR LOW LEVEL OF SUPPORT SERVICES IN THE COMMUNITY DUALS RECEIVING HIGH LEVEL OF SUPPORT SERVICES IN THE COMMUNITY DUALS RESIDING IN INSTITUTIONS ALL DUALS RESIDING IN THE COMMUNITY

9 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE PER CAPITA SPENDING FOR DUALS RESIDING IN INSTITUTIONS WAS ALMOST DOUBLE THAT FOR DUALS RECEIVING A HIGH LEVEL OF SUPPORT SERVICES IN THE COMMUNITY 8 AVERAGE ANNUAL PER CAPITA COMBINED MEDICAID AND MEDICARE SPENDING FOR DUALS IN THE COMMUNITY AND IN INSTITUTIONS, 2008 AVERAGE ANNUAL PER CAPITA SPENDING NUMBER OF ENROLLEES DUALS RECEIVING NO OR LOW LEVEL OF SUPPORT SERVICES IN THE COMMUNITY DUALS RECEIVING HIGH LEVEL OF SUPPORT SERVICES IN THE COMMUNITY DUALS RESIDING IN INSTITUTIONS ALL DUALS IN THE COMMUNITY ALL DUALS

10 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE NEARLY FOUR OUT OF FIVE DUALS HAD A PHYSICAL ILLNESS OR DISABILITY AND TWO OUT OF THREE HAD A BEHAVIORAL DIAGNOSIS 9 PERCENTAGES OF DUAL ELIGIBLES WITH DIAGNOSES IN THREE MAJOR DIAGNOSTIC CATEGORIES, 2008 PHYSICAL ILLNESS OR DISABILITY (n=82,400) BEHAVIORAL DIAGNOSIS (n=67,600) DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY (n=14,300)

11 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED SO FAR  POPULATION –60 PERCENT YEARS OF AGE –ONLY 3 PERCENT RESIDED IN INSTITUTIONS –19 PERCENT USED HIGH LEVEL OF LONG-TERM SUPPORT SERVICES –65 PERCENT HAD A BH DIAGNOSIS  SPENDING –$2.5 BILLION IN COMBINED MEDICAID AND MEDICARE SPENDING –SMALL PROPORTION (6 PERCENT) HAD ANNUAL PER CAPITA COSTS OVER $100,000 –90 PERCENT OF SPENDING WAS FOR DUALS LIVING IN THE COMMUNITY

12 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE DUALS WITH DIAGNOSES IN TWO OR MORE MAJOR DIAGNOSTIC AREAS ACCOUNTED FOR MORE THAN 80 PERCENT OF SPENDING 11 PROPORTIONS OF DUAL ELIGIBLES WHO HAD DIAGNOSES RECORDED IN ZERO, ONE, TWO, OR THREE MAJOR DIAGNOSTIC CATEGORIES AND THEIR SPENDING, 2008 SHARE OF ENROLLEES SHARE OF SPENDING ONEZEROTWOTHREE

13 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE DEPRESSION WAS THE MOST COMMON BEHAVIORAL DIAGNOSIS; HIGHEST PER CAPITA SPENDING WAS FOR THOSE WITH SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS 12 NUMBER OF DUALS AND AVERAGE ANNUAL EXPENDITURES FOR THOSE WITH SELECTED BEHAVIORAL DIAGNOSES, 2008 NUMBER OF DUALSAVERAGE ANNUAL PER CAPITA SPENDING DEPRESSIONSCHIZOPHRENIAOTHER SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS ALCOHOL OR SUBSTANCE ABUSE

14 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE DUALS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY AND DIAGNOSES FROM OTHER MAJOR CATEGORIES HAD HIGH AVERAGE HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURES 13 AVERAGE ANNUAL PER CAPITA SPENDING FOR DUALS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY AND DIAGNOSES FROM OTHER MAJOR DIAGNOSTIC CATEGORIES, 2008 DEVELOPMENTAL ONLY (n=1,550) DEVELOPMENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL (n=1,340) DEVELOPMENTAL AND PHYSICAL (n=4,200) DEVELOPMENTAL, BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSICAL (n=7,200) NOTE: 14 PERCENT OF DUALS HAVE A DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY

15 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE ANNUAL HEALTH CARE SPENDING FOR DUALS WITH COMMON DIAGNOSES 14 AVERAGE ANNUAL PER CAPITA SPENDING FOR DUALS WITH COMMON DIAGNOSES, 2008 CATEGORIES CANNOT BE SUMMED. THESE ARE NOT MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE CATEGORIES. DIABETES (n=23,200) CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (n=24,700) CORONARY HEART DISEASE (n=15,000)

16 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED SO FAR  DUALS WITH MULTIPLE DIAGNOSES ACCOUNTED FOR 80 PERCENT OF THE SPENDING  PREVALENCE OF BEHAVIORAL HEALTH CONDITIONS, WITH DEPRESSION BEING THE MOST COMMON  DUALS WITH A DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY AND OTHER CONDITIONS HAD HIGH COSTS  SOME OF THE MOST COMMON DIAGNOSES INCLUDE DIABETES, COPD, CHD

17 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE 35 PERCENT OF COMBINED HEALTH CARE SPENDING WAS FOR LONG-TERM SUPPORT SERVICES AND 22 PERCENT FOR INPATIENT SERVICES 16 13% All Other, including lab, radiology, DME Inpatient Outpatient Pharmacy Long-term Support Services 8% 14% 22% 35% DISTRIBUTION OF COMBINED MEDICAID AND MEDICARE SPENDING FOR DUAL ELIGIBLES BY SERVICE CATEGORIES, 2008 Physicians/ Practitioners

18 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE DISTRIBUTION OF LONG-TERM SUPPORT SERVICES (LTSS) SPENDING ON DUALS 17 33% Institutional Services $280M Non-Institutional (Non-Waiver) Services $190M HCBS Waiver Services $390M 22% 45% TOTAL COMBINED MEDICAID AND MEDICARE SPENDING ON LTSS FOR DUALS, 2008

19 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE EIGHTEEN PERCENT OF DUALS SPENT AT LEAST ONE NIGHT IN THE HOSPITAL; FOUR PERCENT WERE HOSPITALIZED FOR MORE THAN FIFTEEN DAYS 18 PROPORTION OF DUALS AND THEIR USE OF INPATIENT CARE, –1516–30>30 HOSPITAL DAYS

20 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE THIRTY-EIGHT PERCENT OF DUALS RECEIVED MORE THAN FIVE PRESCRIPTIONS PER MONTH 19 PROPORTIONS OF DUAL ELIGIBLES WITH AVERAGE NUMBER OF PRESCRIPTIONS PER MONTH, 2008 None AVERAGE NUMBER OF PRESCRIPTIONS PER MONTH <11–2>2–5>5–10>10–15>15

21 SEPTEMBER 2011MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAID POLICY INSTITUTE WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED  DIVERSE POPULATION –BEHAVIORAL HEALTH, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSES, DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES –ONLY 3 PERCENT RESIDED IN INSTITUTIONS –HIGH LONG-TERM SUPPORT SERVICES USE, HIGH INPATIENT USE –19 PERCENT USED A HIGH LEVEL OF LONG-TERM SUPPORT SERVICES  HIGH COSTS –SMALL PROPORTION (6 PERCENT) HAD ANNUAL PER CAPITA COSTS OVER $100,000 –MOST COMPLEX GROUP HAD 3 TIMES THE AVERAGE PER CAPITA COST  BEHAVIORAL HEALTH DIAGNOSES –65 PERCENT HAD A BEHAVIORAL HEALTH DIAGNOSIS –HALF WITH DEPRESSION OR MODERATE MENTAL ILLNESS –SUBGROUPS WITH MORE COMPLEX BEHAVIORAL HEALTH NEEDS


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