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Concordancing at Upper-Intermediate Levels What it is not What you will get from this talk.

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Presentation on theme: "Concordancing at Upper-Intermediate Levels What it is not What you will get from this talk."— Presentation transcript:

1 Concordancing at Upper-Intermediate Levels What it is not What you will get from this talk

2 Natural Grammar

3

4

5 For Learner Autonomy “As learners start to get used to the idea of grammar as being contingent on certain high frequency key words, encourage them to keep a record of these words in the notebooks – or even a special notebook for key words. They should devote a whole page to each word. As they encounter examples of the word, for example, in course book texts, or in their general reading and listening, they should record it in the book, preferably in such a way as to display its patterns. …. …If possible, ask them to categorise these examples according to the categories in Natural Grammar. In this way, learners produce their own, customised, version of Natural Grammar.” – Thornbury, OUP ELT Natural Grammar site

6 The thorny issue of methodologies Communicative Language Teaching Grammar Translation or Data-Driven Learning? A balance of Process and Product

7 Concordancers British National Corpus Collins´s Phrases in English The Compleat Lexical Tutor Micase Concordance Search WebCorp Papyr VIEW If you don’t want to write this down, the names and URLs are in the handout.

8 British National Corpus Type in your word and press ‘enter.’

9 Collins’s Collocation and Concordance Sampler

10 Phrases in English

11 The Compleat Lexical Tutor

12 Micase Concordance Search

13 WebCorp

14 Papyr

15 Variation In English Words and Phrases

16 Tabs or Tags

17 … more TABS, part of speech codes and other search tips + ~ ? * { } & - The system in one of the search engines in VIEW expansion to right – ^by[[:>:]] matches phrases starting in the word by expansion to left – [[:<:]]floor$ matches phrases ending in the word floor When doing a simple search, what do you type in for simple three or four word phrases that include the and days?

18 The Answer … the ~ ~ days Another search question What do you type in if you want single letter variations of exactly one character that begin with ‘s’ and end with ‘ng’? s?ng

19 Every Search is Different …the principle is the same Query Syntax A query is made up of one or more terms concatenated with a + symbol. E.g.hell+hole would search for the word "hell" immediately followed by the word "hole". Terms may be made up of simple alphabetic strings, optionally modified with a trailing asterisk or 'at'-symbol, concatenated and separated by vertical bars, or followed by an oblique stroke and a part-of-speech tag. Word combinations The plus may be modified with a preceding number to indicate the maximum number of intervening words. E.g. dog+4bark will search for "dog" followed by "bark" with up to 4 words intervening. Inflected Forms An at-sign appended to a string of letters causes the software to expand the word form preceding symbol into a set of inflected forms. For example, the query will search for the set of words blow blows blowing blew followed by the word away.

20 Helping Teachers with Difficult Grammar Questions Verb patterns (is it the gerund or the infinitive?) Prepositions Reported speech Relative clauses Articles

21 Classroom Ideas Preparing tailor-made exercises that respond to your students’ needs Learners design their own exercises (knowledge construction through learning projects) Peer or self-correction Deducing meaning, connotation and/or grammatical features of pairs of words (see and watch, for example) What is the grammar rule? (a discovery approach) Genre Awareness exercises eg based on a word with a specific meaning, doing a search for that word and evaluating its context Word searches for stories in different newspapers

22 Thank you


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