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Venice Lagoon case study: The Problem 1960s and 1970s Uncontrolled discharge of nutrients1980s Hypereutrophic conditions Macroalgal density = 20 kg FW.

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Presentation on theme: "Venice Lagoon case study: The Problem 1960s and 1970s Uncontrolled discharge of nutrients1980s Hypereutrophic conditions Macroalgal density = 20 kg FW."— Presentation transcript:

1 Venice Lagoon case study: The Problem 1960s and 1970s Uncontrolled discharge of nutrients1980s Hypereutrophic conditions Macroalgal density = 20 kg FW m-² loss of SAV beds and change in species abundance Severe anoxia in parts of the lagoon

2 Venice Lagoon case study: The Solution 1980s Wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) built P banned from detergents 1990s to present Decrease in nutrient loads and P concentrations Macroalgae density now 0.5 FW m-² SAV beds returning - since 1992: Zostera marina increased (2.6 – 22 km²) but Nanozostera noltii decreased (14 – 0.7 km²) No anoxia – DO at 40% saturation, adequate for aquatic lifeFuture New WWTP and phytodepuration plants planned Industrial zone effluents closely monitored Continued improvement expected Dissolved Oxygen SAV distribution 2002

3 Venice Lagoon ASSETS Application (early 2000s) Indices Overall Human Influence (OHI) ASSETS: 3 Overall Eutrophic Condition (OEC) ASSETS: 5 Determination of Future Outlook (DFO) ASSETS: 4 Methods Susceptibility Nutrient inputs Primary Secondary Future nutrient pressures ParametersRatingExpression Dilution potentialLowHigh susceptibility Flushing potentialLow High Chlorophyll aLow Low MacroalgaeLow Dissolved Oxygen Low Submerged AquaticLow Vegetation Low Nuisance and ToxicLow Blooms Future nutrient pressures decrease Index Moderate LOW Improve Low ASSETS: HIGH /


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