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2 Hazard Communication Program 2012 Update GHS Awareness TrainingRadiological & Environmental Management
3 Hazard Communication 2012 Update GHSGlobally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals
4 GHS – What Is It…Or IS Not? This is not a new Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standardIt’s a revision to the existing OSHA Hazard Communications Standard/Right-To-Know LawThe United Nations system of labeling classification of chemicalsImplemented to improve worker understanding of labels and safety data sheetsThe next three years will be considered a transition phase (December 1, 2013 – June 1, 2016)Manufacturers, employers and end users work to meet the new requirements of the revised standard
5 GHS – Major Changes… Container Labeling Classification and hazard identification of chemicalsSafety Data Sheet (SDS), formerly known as Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), format and content
6 GHS – What Will Not change… We still have to keep chemical inventoriesWe still have to maintain safety data sheetsWe still have to train new people on the potential hazards of what they will be working withWe still have to maintain our records for 30 years, per OSHA
7 GHS Compliance Deadlines December 1, 2013Employee training to become familiar with new label elements and safety data sheet formatJune 1, 2015Manufacturers and distributors are required to have updated container labels on their productsJune 1, 2016Replace old MSDS with new SDS
9 Label Requirements Labels are required to have: Pictograms Signal WordsHazard StatementPrecautionary StatementsProduct IdentifierSupplier IdentificationSupplemental Information (as required)
10 GHS PICTOGRAMSNine pictograms will be utilized in identifying hazards of ALL chemicalsEach chemical will have AT LEAST one pictogram, often multiple pictograms – to visually convey the hazards associated with itWe need to be familiar with the meaning(s) of each pictogramLabels and safety data sheets will not always include that information, understanding these is criticalRadiological & Environmental Management (REM) will provide pictogram reference cards to post in work areas for future reference
12 Labels - Signal Words Signal words describe the severity of a hazard: DangerThis is reserved for the more severe hazardsWarningThis is used on less severe hazardsIf there is no significant hazard, a signal word won’t be used
13 Labels - Hazard Statements Phrases that describe the nature of a hazard:Examples:Highly flammable liquid and vaporMay cause liver and kidney damageFatal if swallowed
14 Labels - Precautionary Statements Recommend measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to the hazardous chemical:There are four types of precautionary statements:Prevention (to minimize exposure)Response (in case of accidental spillage or exposure)StorageDisposal
15 Labels - Supplier Information NameAddressTelephone Number
16 Labels - Supplemental Information The supplier may provide additional instructions, expiration date, fill date or information that it deems helpful.An example is the personal protective equipment (PPE) pictogram indicating what to wear.
20 Secondary LabelsWhenever a chemical is taken from its original container, the container it is transferred into must have a secondary label affixed to identify its contentsPurdue University utilizes the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Diamond for secondary labeling
21 Additional Information Secondary Labels 2}HealthFlammabilityReactivityAdditional InformationNumbering4 = Most Hazardous0 = Least HazardousChemicalOwner Date
23 Safety Data SheetsThese are chemical fact sheets that contain all the information an employee would need to know about a hazardous chemicalKeep current MSDS available until new SDS are received. Archive old MSDS as new SDS are collected.Each SDS is broken down into 16 universal sectionsSections will be of most concern
24 Safety Data Sheets (SDS) 2 Universal Required SectionsIdentificationHazard IdentificationsComposition / Ingredient InformationFirst Aid MeasuresFire-Fighting MeasuresAccidental Release MeasuresHandling and StorageExposure Control/Personal ProtectionPhysical and Chemical PropertiesStability and ReactivityToxicological InformationEcological InformationDisposal ConsiderationsTransport InformationRegulatory InformationOther Information
25 1: IdentificationIdentifies the chemical as well as the recommended uses:Product identifier used on the labelOther common names or synonymsName, address, phone number and emergency phone number of the manufacturerAny restrictions on use
26 2: Hazard Identification Identifies the hazards of the chemical and the appropriate warning information associated with those hazards:Hazard classification of the chemicalSignal wordHazard statement(s)PictogramsPrecautionary statement(s)Description of any hazards not otherwise classifiedFor a mixture, a statement describing how much of the mixture consists of ingredient(s) with unknown acute toxicity
27 Types of Hazards Explosives Flammable Gases Flammable Aerosols Physical HazardsExplosivesFlammable GasesFlammable AerosolsGases Under PressureFlammable LiquidsFlammable SolidsSelf-ReactivesPyrophoric LiquidsPyrophoric SolidsSelf-Heating SubstancesWater ReactiveOxidizing LiquidsOxidizing SolidsOxidizing GasesOrganic PeroxidesCorrosive to Metals
28 Types of Hazards 2 Acute Toxicity Skin Corrosion/Irritation Health HazardsAcute ToxicitySkin Corrosion/IrritationSerious Eye Damage/Eye IrritationRespiratory or Skin SensitizationGerm Cell MutagenicityCarcinogenicityReproductive ToxicologyTarget Organ Systemic Toxicity - Single ExposureTarget Organ Systemic Toxicity - Repeated ExposureAspiration Toxicity
29 Environmental Hazards Types of Hazards 3Environmental HazardsHazardous to the Aquatic EnvironmentAcute Aquatic ToxicityChronic Aquatic ToxicityBioaccumulation potentialRapid degradability
30 Types of Hazards 4hazard rating scaleHazard classification will be assessed by manufacturers and suppliers with a hazard rating scaleScale of 1-5 (1 being the most hazardous and 5 being the least hazardous)NFPA has not adopted the GHS scaleNFPA scale is opposite 4 - 0
31 3: Composition/Ingredient Information Identifies the chemical ingredient(s), information on substances, mixtures and trade secret claims:Chemical nameCommon name and synonymsChemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number impurities and stabilizing additives classifications which contribute to the chemical classificationThe chemical name and concentration of all ingredients which are classified as health hazards
32 4: First Aid MeasuresProvides information on what to do in case of an accidental exposure:Necessary first-aid instructions by relevant routes of exposureinhalation, skin and eye contact, and ingestionDescription of the most important symptoms or effects and any symptoms that are acute or delayedRecommendations for immediate medical care and special treatment needed
33 5: Fire-Fighting Measures Describes how to fight a fire caused by that chemical:Suitable (and unsuitable) extinguishing techniquesSpecific chemical hazards arising from fireSpecial protective equipment and precautions for firefighters
34 6: Accidental Release Measures Deals with the appropriate response to spills, leaks, or releases, including containment and cleanup practices to prevent or minimize exposure to people, properties or the environment:Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency proceduresEnvironmental precautionsMethods and materials for containment and cleaning up
35 7: Handling and StorageProvides guidance on how to handle a chemical when using it and when storing it:Precautions for safe handlingConditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
36 8: Exposure Control/Personal Protection Provides information on how to minimize worker exposure:Control parametersOSHA Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs)Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs)Threshold Limit Values (TLVs)Appropriate engineering controlsIndividual protection measuresPersonal Protective Equipment (PPE)
37 SectionsSection 9: Physical and Chemical Properties lists the chemical’s characteristicsSection 10: Stability and Reactivity lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactionsSection 11: Toxicological Information includes routes of exposure; related symptoms, acute and chronic effects; numerical measures of toxicity
38 Sections 12-16 Section 12: Ecological Information Section 13: Disposal ConsiderationsSection 14: Transport InformationSection 15: Regulatory InformationSection 16: Other Information
40 GHS – Action PlanLabelsChemical containers, bottles, etc. will begin to arrive with the newly-formatted labels. These new labels will include more information than ever before. Read them thoroughly to get used to the new format and content, even if it’s not the first time you’ve used the product.
41 GHS – Action Plan 2PictogramsBe sure you understand the meanings of the pictograms that will appear on the labels. REM will have laminated cards available, or an online resource such as the OSHA website, to check if you are unsure of what something means.
42 Secondary Container Labeling GHS – Action Plan 3Secondary Container LabelingContinue to include the name of the product and the hazard rating number informationContinue to utilize the NFPA 704 diamond symbol or labelChemicalOwner Date
43 Safety Date Sheets (SDS) GHS – Action Plan 4Safety Date Sheets (SDS)You must keep any MSDS you already haveWatch for new GHS-compliant (16-section) SDS to arriveThey may come from the manufacturer or distributor with a shipment of the products you orderYou may go online or contact the manufacturer yourself to get itReplace old MSDS with new SDS in the active binder along with your current chemical inventory. Archive old MSDS for 30 years. SDS may not be available right away from all manufacturers.
44 GHS Training for Supervisors, DTIs, and Trainers GHS – Action Plan 5GHS Training for Supervisors, DTIs, and TrainersGHS training for supervisors; area/departmental Designated Trained Individuals (DTIs); and trainers will be provided by REM:Awareness-level training of the GHS modification to the Hazard Communication Standard – or HCS must be conducted and documented with ALL employees by December 1, 2013REM has videos (DVD), PowerPoint presentations, and electronic training options available to assist you in meeting this requirement
45 GHS – Action Plan 6 QUESTIONS? REM’s ROLEHeath Bentley (765)REM will continue to provide employee training with the changes for the Hazard Communication Program.QUESTIONS?Stephanie Rainey (765)
46 Links to Additional Resources United States Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)A Guide to The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)Hazard CommunicationHCS/HazCom 2012 Final Rule & AppendicesHazard Communication Standard QuickCardsSide-by-Side Comparison of OSHA's Existing Hazard Communication Standard (HCS 1994) vs. the Revised Hazard Communication Standard (HCS 2012)United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)