Presentation on theme: "+ COMPLEX SENTENCES. + Independent Clauses Easiest definition: An Independent Clause is a sentence It must have a SUBJECT and a VERB and express a complete."— Presentation transcript:
+ COMPLEX SENTENCES
+ Independent Clauses Easiest definition: An Independent Clause is a sentence It must have a SUBJECT and a VERB and express a complete thought The hedgehog jumped over the cupcake. I ran to class when the music started. The lion tore his shirt to shreds.
+ Dependent Clauses It must have a SUBJECT and a VERB but DOES NOT express a complete thought An easy way to find a dependent clause is to look for the SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTION
+ Subordinate Conjunctions after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, in order to, since, though, unless, until, whatever, when, whenever, whether, while. Quiz Thursday! 10 Notecards due in class Wednesday!
+ Example Dependent Clauses When the owl licked my eye If Mr. Stump danced the rumba Since he kissed the hedgehog
+ Complex sentences: A complex sentence includes an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE and a DEPENDENT CLAUSE
+ Let’s Practice! Unless Ms. Edgett throws the paper airplane The hedgehog bit the rhino If Ms. Allen wrote on the desk Because the student danced the Cupid Shuffle All dogs go to heaven
+ Comma! A complex sentence requires a comma if the DEPENDENT clause comes FIRST
+ No Comma! A complex sentence does not require a comma if the DEPENDENT clause comes LAST.
+ DEPENDENT CLAUSE comes first: After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies. DEPENDENT CLAUSE comes last: Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying.
+ If I punch him in the face I will go to jail. Does this sentence require a comma? WHY??
+ I kicked him in the shin because he laughed at my hedgehog. Does this sentence require a comma? WHY??
+ Practice! When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz it was very noisy. The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. Because he loves it so much Mr. Stump goes to Anime conventions. If I buy that dress my dad will kill me. She will be a beautiful bride because she wore a pink dress.