Presentation on theme: "Ch 15 Insights 2nd Great Awakening- revival in religion in America"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch 15 Insights 2nd Great Awakening- revival in religion in America 1) Analyze how 3 ways the 2nd Great Awakening Americanized/Democratized Christianity2) Explain how the Mormon Church is a uniquely American Christian religion and3) Analyze how the Mormon Church a)has merit as a religion and b) could be seen by Americans as a fraud
2 ID-Religious Camp Meeting (321) Summary 1- What is happening in the picture?Religious revival of people deeply and emotionally movedSummary 2-What did these meetings lead to in the US?Social improvement movements (abolitionism- anti-slavery)OI- Reviving Religion1)What was the Founding Fathers view on religion? What religion arose from their beliefs?Science over faith, Unitarianism (God a one person, not trinity; goodness of human nature, free will, salvation in good works)Why do you think the founders of this nation wanted religion to focus on the works of the individual and science?
3 2) What was the Second Great Awakening? Rebirth of religion in US3) Who was the greatest revival preacher of the day? What were some ideas he brought to religion?Charles Finney (women to pray in public, against alcohol and slavery)4) What group of people were most attracted to religion?Women (religion gave them purpose, role, way to meet men!!!)
4 ID- Joseph Smith Preaching to the Indians (324) Summary 3- Why did Joseph Smith believe Indians were special?Native Americans were descendants of the lost tribes of IsraelID- The Mormon WorldSummary 4- Why did the Mormon’s leave Nauvoo?Joseph Smith was murdered, feared for their lives from ordinary Americans
5 OI- A Desert Zion in Utah 5) Who was the founder of Mormonism and how did it begin?Joseph Smith, he received golden tablets from an angel that he translated into the Book of Mormon,6) What made Mormonism unique among Christian religions?It was a uniquely American created Christian religion
6 7) Identify two reasons many Americans were wary of Mormonism? Voted as a unitCooperative/ Church and State connected (shared their wealth and gave much to the leaders of the Church)Polygamy (married more than one wife)
7 9) Think- Why do you feel the Mormon’s had to move out there? 8) Who took over the Mormon’s after Joseph Smith’s death? Where did he move the Mormon’sBrigham Young, Utah9) Think- Why do you feel the Mormon’s had to move out there?They would settle in an area that their were no other settlers and they could worship freely, plus Utah was in Mexico, not the United States at that time
8 Analyze the motivation behind 3 reforms from the early 1850’s Ch 15 P2 Goal Questions Prior Knowledge- Things of several major problems in our society. Why do you feel they are not being solved?Goal QuestionAnalyze the motivation behind 3 reforms from the early 1850’sID- the reform movement and reformerExplain the purpose of the reformAnalyze what the problem was in society that lead to that movements popularity
9 Identify the reform movement with each reformer OI- An Age of Reform10) Dorethea DixReform of mental hospitals and asylums in USOI- Demon Rum- The “Old Deluder”11)Neal S. DowTemperance (anti-alcohol), Maine Law (1st state to outlaw alcohol)Does the government have the right to outlaw alcohol?
10 OI- Women in Revolt12) Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady StantonWoman’s Rights Movement13) Seneca FallsBeginning of woman’s rights movementDeclaration of Sentiments- blamed men for the problems women faceWhat rights are women denied at this time? Women can not…Vote, job, property rights (divorce man gets everything), domestic abuse
11 Identify the key idea of each thinker OI- Trumpeters ofTranscendentalism (rising above materialism and finding a spiritual connection with nature)Why might people in a materialistic society search a more spiritual lifestyle?Ralph Waldo Emerson (founder of transcendentalism)Wanted people to be self reliant, confident, optimistic, and free
12 Henry David ThoreauConnect with nature and shed materialism and conformity (where everyone is the same and shallow) of societyCivil Disobedience- refuse to follow laws that you feel are unfair (MLK and Ghandi influenced and copy Thoreau’s ideas)Walt WhitmanMade poetry accessible subject matter included slang and sex (understood by ordinary people (no rhyme or meter),What type of art or poetry today would be similar to Whitman?
13 OI- Literary Individualists and Dissenters Edgar Allen PoeInvented detective novel and subject matter was about dark subjects and horrorNathaniel HawthorneBooks explored evil in people’s souls and the fact that people can be generally mean spirited, esp. when they feel they are more right than their neighborHow are Poe’s and Hawthornes beliefs evident in the actions of America at this time? (Think Native Americans, African-Americans, Irish, Mexico)
14 Herman MelvilleMoby Dick- dealt with how business and industry was ruining American values (individual over the good of society, destroying nature (killing whales) to make money and live an easier life)What are some ways today that business is taking advantage and destroying the environment and people’s lives in the quest for profits?