Presentation on theme: "Ch.19.2 The Factory System SWBAT-Explain how mechanization of the Factory System impacted the work force and the role of women. Reading Notes Daily Quiz."— Presentation transcript:
Ch.19.2 The Factory System SWBAT-Explain how mechanization of the Factory System impacted the work force and the role of women. Reading Notes Daily Quiz Bell Work Video Class notes
Bell Work Which social group generally lived the longest? Shortest? Why do you think all social groups lived longer in Rutland
During most of the nineteenth century, the steam engine provided power for the industrial revolution. The innovation of Electricity and Petroleum provided for a more efficient use of the work week. With Thomas Edison’s invention of the of the first successful incandescent light bulb provided for a better use of the work day, his electric light replaced kerosene and gas lighting. The automobile used petroleum to power vehicles began in the 1880’s(a German inventor).In 1900 Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin built the first efficient dirigible powered balloon (the Blimp).
The Revolution in Communications Innovations introduced during the 19 th century made rapid long-distance communication possible for the first time in human history. The Telegraph- Samuel Morse 1844 (Wash- Baltimore. 1866 transatlantic cable (U.S.-G.B.) Mail delivery-1840-G.B.Penny Post- The Universal Postal System 1874. The telephone-Graham Bell 1884, New York & Boston. The Radio-Marconi an Italian,1899 wireless telegraphy (English channel). 1901 across the Atlantic.
Objective #1-The Impact of the Factory System Machines changed the way work was done by cutting down the training period for a job. People began to work in factories on a small part of a job rather than at home. Unemployment rate among older skilled workers Child labor Women in factories Wages and hours Unsafe working conditions Living conditions Rise of the middle class
Objective #2-Factors for wages They were lower when many people were competing for jobs. They were set in relation to other costs of production. Depended on what people could earn at other kinds of work. They took into account the needs of a worker and his/her family.
Objective #3 Middle Class Bankers, Manufacturers,, merchants, lawyers, doctors, engineers, professors and their families. Middle class grew & gained wealth. Gained political recognition. Owned property and hired servants. Ate well & sent their children to school for good training. Wore Suits: White Collar Working Class Laboring poor worked on farms or in factories. Coal mines & Cotton Mills. Wore Shirt: Blue Collar Low wages
The Industrial Middle Class The Middle ages has seen the rise of ________ _________, an economic system based on trade. With the rise of Industrial Revolution came the rise of _______ _______, an economic system based on industrial production. This produced a new middle class-the industrial ______ _____. In the Middle Ages the bourgeois or middle class person was the burgher or town dweller, who may have been a _____, _____, ______, _______ or _______. In the new Industrial middle class was made up of the people who built the factories, bought the machines, and figured out the markets. Their qualities included _____, _____, ____, and often _____.
Objective #4 Role of Women: In the late 1800s women work in textile mills or as domestic servants, nurses, social workers, or teachers. Women were paid less than men for the same job. Women moved to the cities to earn wages for their labor and entered new professions. Middle class women placed an increased emphasis on the idea that women belonged at home.
Extension Create a collage depicting the middle class working conditions of the Industrial Revolution. Represent the different working groups such as child labor, women in the factories, and the new industrial middle class.