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Chapter 20: Industrialization and Immigration 1860-1914 Section 1 American Enters the Industrial Age Section 1 American Enters the Industrial Age.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20: Industrialization and Immigration 1860-1914 Section 1 American Enters the Industrial Age Section 1 American Enters the Industrial Age."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 20: Industrialization and Immigration 1860-1914 Section 1 American Enters the Industrial Age Section 1 American Enters the Industrial Age

2 1. Definition of Industrial Revolution 2. What caused industries to grow so rapidly? 1. Definition of Industrial Revolution 2. What caused industries to grow so rapidly? Explain:Explain:

3 3. Why did people immigrate to the U.S. during this time period? 4. How/why labor unions started. 3. Why did people immigrate to the U.S. during this time period? 4. How/why labor unions started. Explain:Explain:

4 5. How did industrialization and technology create a new mass culture in the U.S.? Explain:Explain:

5 Change from making goods by hand to using machines (mass production). Chapter 11 Section 1, Page 365. Video Clip: Industrial Revolution Video Clip: Industrial Revolution Video Clip: Industrial Revolution Video Clip: Industrial Revolution

6 Factory system in Britain copied hereFactory system in Britain copied here Samuel Slater, first mill, Pawtucket, RISamuel Slater, first mill, Pawtucket, RI Interchangeable Parts (E.Whitney.)Interchangeable Parts (E.Whitney.) Lowell, Massachusetts, textile millsLowell, Massachusetts, textile mills Urbanization – people looking for factory jobsUrbanization – people looking for factory jobs Factory system in Britain copied hereFactory system in Britain copied here Samuel Slater, first mill, Pawtucket, RISamuel Slater, first mill, Pawtucket, RI Interchangeable Parts (E.Whitney.)Interchangeable Parts (E.Whitney.) Lowell, Massachusetts, textile millsLowell, Massachusetts, textile mills Urbanization – people looking for factory jobsUrbanization – people looking for factory jobs Show Mill from page 371 in textbook.

7 Mill from textbook. Ch. 11 Page 371

8 Beginning of Urbanization: people begin to move to cities looking for factory jobs people begin to move to cities looking for factory jobs Mechanical reaper and other farm technology puts farm hands out of work, they begin to move to citiesMechanical reaper and other farm technology puts farm hands out of work, they begin to move to cities Beginning of Urbanization: people begin to move to cities looking for factory jobs people begin to move to cities looking for factory jobs Mechanical reaper and other farm technology puts farm hands out of work, they begin to move to citiesMechanical reaper and other farm technology puts farm hands out of work, they begin to move to cities

9 Developments in Transportation and Communication: Robert Fulton – Steam BoatRobert Fulton – Steam Boat Peter Cooper – built America’s first locomotive trainPeter Cooper – built America’s first locomotive train Samuel Morse – Telegraph and Morse CodeSamuel Morse – Telegraph and Morse Code Developments in Transportation and Communication: Robert Fulton – Steam BoatRobert Fulton – Steam Boat Peter Cooper – built America’s first locomotive trainPeter Cooper – built America’s first locomotive train Samuel Morse – Telegraph and Morse CodeSamuel Morse – Telegraph and Morse Code

10 Railroad Companies give U.S. Economy Benefits- Economy: a system of producing and distributing the material needs of a society.Economy: a system of producing and distributing the material needs of a society.

11 20-1 Railroads Spur Industry Railroad Companies give the U.S. Economy Benefits... Transport of raw materials and finished goodsTransport of raw materials and finished goods Allowed industries to growAllowed industries to grow

12 20-1 Railroads Spur Industry Railroad Companies give U.S. Economy Benefits... Created thousands of jobsCreated thousands of jobs Changed the way a business works (corporations)Changed the way a business works (corporations) Opened up entire country to growthOpened up entire country to growth

13 The New Steel Industry: “Bessemer Process” William Kelly and Henry Bessemer develop way to make cheaper, stronger steelWilliam Kelly and Henry Bessemer develop way to make cheaper, stronger steel Output of steel increased 350 times between 1867-1900.Output of steel increased 350 times between 1867-1900. Plows, barbed wire, nails, steel beams for skyscrapers, rails for railroad.Plows, barbed wire, nails, steel beams for skyscrapers, rails for railroad.

14 Edison and Electricity: 1876 Menlo Park, New Jersey. First stable, long lasting light bulbFirst stable, long lasting light bulb Over 1000 patents for his inventionsOver 1000 patents for his inventions Invented system to deliver electricity to buildingsInvented system to deliver electricity to buildings 1882 – installed first commercial central power system in NY City.1882 – installed first commercial central power system in NY City.

15 New Industries: New inventions become the basis for new industries. Telephone industry (Bell, 1876). By 1880 over 50,000+ telephones had been sold.Telephone industry (Bell, 1876). By 1880 over 50,000+ telephones had been sold. Telephone switchboards = new jobs for womenTelephone switchboards = new jobs for women Elias Howe and Isaac Singer – Sewing Machines. Led to ready made clothing for people, so new industry for clothing production.Elias Howe and Isaac Singer – Sewing Machines. Led to ready made clothing for people, so new industry for clothing production.


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