Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20: Industrialization and Immigration"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 20: Industrialization and Immigration 1860-1914 Section 1American Enters the Industrial Age
2Explain: 1. Definition of Industrial Revolution Chapter 20 Objectives...Explain:1. Definition of Industrial Revolution2. What caused industries to grow so rapidly?
3Chapter 20 Objectives...Explain:3. Why did people immigrate to the U.S. during this time period?4. How/why labor unions started.
4Chapter 20 Objectives...Explain:5. How did industrialization and technology create a new mass culture in the U.S.?
5Change from making goods by hand to using machines (mass production). Industrial Revolution:Change from making goods by hand to using machines (mass production).Chapter 11 Section 1, Page 365.Video Clip: Industrial Revolution
6Factory system in Britain copied here Chapter 11-1Factory system in Britain copied hereSamuel Slater, first mill, Pawtucket, RIInterchangeable Parts (E.Whitney.)Lowell, Massachusetts, textile millsUrbanization – people looking for factory jobsShow Mill from page 371 in textbook.
8Chapter 11-1Beginning of Urbanization:people begin to move to cities looking for factory jobsMechanical reaper and other farm technology puts farm hands out of work, they begin to move to cities
9Chapter 11-1Developments in Transportation and Communication:Robert Fulton – Steam BoatPeter Cooper – built America’s first locomotive trainSamuel Morse – Telegraph and Morse Code
10Railroad Companies give U.S. Economy Benefits- Chapter 20-1Railroad Companies give U.S. Economy Benefits-Economy: a system of producing and distributing the material needs of a society.
1120-1 Railroads Spur Industry Railroad Companies give the U.S. Economy Benefits...Transport of raw materials and finished goodsAllowed industries to grow
1220-1 Railroads Spur Industry Railroad Companies give U.S. Economy Benefits...Created thousands of jobsChanged the way a business works (corporations)Opened up entire country to growth
13The New Steel Industry: “Bessemer Process”William Kelly and Henry Bessemer develop way to make cheaper, stronger steelOutput of steel increased 350 times betweenPlows, barbed wire, nails, steel beams for skyscrapers, rails for railroad.
14Edison and Electricity: 1876 Menlo Park, New Jersey.First stable, long lasting light bulbOver 1000 patents for his inventionsInvented system to deliver electricity to buildings1882 – installed first commercial central power system in NY City.
15New Industries: New inventions become the basis for new industries. Telephone industry (Bell, 1876). By 1880 over 50,000+ telephones had been sold.Telephone switchboards = new jobs for womenElias Howe and Isaac Singer – Sewing Machines. Led to ready made clothing for people, so new industry for clothing production.