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April 21 If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out.

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Presentation on theme: "April 21 If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out."— Presentation transcript:

1 April 21 If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page. Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified? Read pg. 289 – 291 Fill in Note Sheet (front side) Video

2 April 22 If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page. Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified? Read pg Take notes from the text on the actions of Alexander Watch video on Alexander the Great and take notes

3 April 23 If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page. Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified? Examine ancient sources to find more information about Alexander the Great. GROUP 1 

4 April 24 If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page. Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified? Complete the Atlas activity examining Alexander the Great. GROUP 1 

5 April 25 If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page. Due 4/28. Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified? Get out all note sheets on Alexander the great and a sheet of notebook paper. Write your name, period and date on the top of the paper. Staple your essay, the organizer, and rubric together and turn in at the period basket. Work on your yellow packet. (pages 1-8 – pages 3-8 must have a page number showing where you found each answer) CRES DBQ on Thursday, 5/1 Greece Unit Test 5/2 (This will not be open note) Study your packet!

6 Ch 30 Alexander the Great and His Empire Introduction The Peloponnesian War and the Rise of Macedonia Philip Unites Greece Alexander Creates an Empire Alexander's Plan to Unite His Empire How Alexander Spread Greek Ideas How Alexander Used Religion How Alexander Adopted the Ways of Conquered Cultures The Empire Crumbles Summary

7 Introduction Peloponnesian War –Sparta declares war on Athens in 431 BCE –Lasted 27 years –Sparta won Macedonian Control over Greece –Philip II Constant war between city-states left Greeks divided and weak Brought Greece under his control –Alexander the Great Son of Philip II Extended Macedonian rule

8 The Peloponnesian War and the Rise of Macedonia 431 BCE to 404 BCE City-states became allies of Athens or Sparta –Sparta won –Sparta later defeated by Thebes Macedonia –Started as a collection of scattered tribes –Philip II united the tribes and took the throne Created a well-trained army Philip II looked to the south to expand his control

9 Philip Unites Greece By 338 BCE King Philipp conquered most of mainland Greece Allowed the Greek city-states to keep many of their freedoms 336 BCE King Philip was murdered Alexander inherits the throne

10 Alexander Creates an Empire Became king at age 20 Studied under Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher –Taught to appreciate Greek culture Put down a rebellion by some of the Greek city-states Wanted to carry out his father's plan to invade Persia –Solidify Macedonians and Greeks with a common enemy –Victory would add to Alexander's wealth 334 BCE Alexander invaded Asia Minor Used terror and kindness to conquer –Towns and cities that resisted Burned to the ground People sold into slavery –Towns and cities that surrendered Keep their government officials Rebuild damaged property

11 Alexander's Plan to Unite His Empire Extended rule –Asia Minor –Egypt –central Asia –western India Goals –Wanted to be accepted as ruler –Wanted to spread Greek culture –Did not want to destroy every local custom –Wanted to unite all people under a single government Plan –Spread Greek culture and ideas –Use religion to inspire loyalty –show respect for the cultures he conquered and adopt some of their cutoms

12 How Alexander Spread Greek Ideas Built Greek-style cities –Established in different parts of the empire –They had marketplaces, temples, and theaters –Greek settlers flocked to cities –Local soldiers and government officials were to speak only Greek Alexandria –Located in Egypt –Became a center of trade and learning –Description Marketplace University gymnasium Boasted law courts and a library –Library contained more than half a million books Temple dedicated to Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea Designed with wide major streets crossed by narrower streets Theater

13 How Alexander Used Religion Honored Egyptian and Persian gods –Treated equal to Greek gods –Visited oracle sites, made sacrifices and built temples in their honor Encouraged the idea that he was a god –Priest of Ammon welcomed Alexander as "God's son" –Began wearing a crown of two rams' horns Crown was a sacred headdress of Ammon Egyptians encouraged to accept him as a god –Required Greeks to accept him as the son of Zeus

14 How Alexander Adopted the Ways of Conquered Cultures Adopted the Persian system of government –Persian governors allowed to run day-to-day business –Appointed Macedonians to head the army –Alexander's people controlled the taxes that were collected Borrowed Persian customs –Began wearing Persian-style clothes –Received official visitors in a luxurious tent like a Persian king Tent support by 30 foot columns Columns covered in gold and silver Columns decorated with precious stones Visitors had to greet him Persian-style –Visitors had to kneel in front of the throne bending until head touched the ground –Alexander would raise visitor, kiss them, call them "Kinsman" Encouraged marriage between Macedonians and Persians –Married the eldest daughter of Darius

15 The Empire Crumbles 324 BCE Alexander's army refuses to continue fighting –In northern India –Soldiers exhausted –Alexander returned to Babylon Alexander dies –Caught swamp fever –Died at age 33 Alexander's realm divided into three kingdoms –Egypt –Asia –Macedonia and Greece

16 Summary Alexander the Great created a vast empire Empire died but the Greek ideas lived on


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