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Created 01/14/061 IDEA CHANGES! Margaret Jakobson-Johnson Managing Attorney Protection and Advocacy, Inc. San Diego Regional Office 800 776 5746.

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Presentation on theme: "Created 01/14/061 IDEA CHANGES! Margaret Jakobson-Johnson Managing Attorney Protection and Advocacy, Inc. San Diego Regional Office 800 776 5746."— Presentation transcript:

1 Created 01/14/061 IDEA CHANGES! Margaret Jakobson-Johnson Managing Attorney Protection and Advocacy, Inc. San Diego Regional Office 800 776 5746

2 Created 01/14/062 What DO YOU Want to Get Out of this Presentation?  Introduce yourself!  What is your experience with the IDEA changes?  Name one thing you want to take away from this training.

3 Created 01/14/063 After this Session You Will Be Able  To name the 5 most important changes in IDEA  Know where to find more information about the IDEA changes  Know what resources are available to provide advice to parents on the IDEA changes

4 Created 01/14/064 The 5 Most Important Topics Related to the IDEA Changes  Assessment  Eligibility  IEP  Discipline  Due Process

5 Created 01/14/065 The 5 Most Important Self-Advocacy “How To” Related to IDEA How to:  Ask for an appropriate assessment  Get what you want at an IEP  Respond to a disciplinary action  Request a due process hearing  Use other resources

6 Created 01/14/066 Assessment Changes  Timeline from the date of parental consent to the holding of an IEP is now 60 days instead of 50 days  Reassessment must happen every 3 years  Parental consent for initial assessments and reassessments is required unless the parent cannot be located & reasonable efforts were made to find the parent  Requirement that assessments be in the child’s native language was replaced with the requirement that they be given in the language & form most likely to yield accurate information

7 Created 01/14/067 Eligibility  A child is not eligible if the basis for eligibility is lack of appropriate instruction in reading, math or limited English proficiency  Specific learning disability eligibility criteria was changed & districts may do the following: no longer base eligibility on a discrepancy between ability and achievement (discrepancy model); and Use a process that determines if the child responds to scientific, research-based intervention (RTI model) as part of the evaluation procedure

8 Created 01/14/068 IEP  IEP Team Members  IEP Content  Transition & the IEP  Amending an IEP

9 Created 01/14/069 IEP Team Members  Team members can be excused by written agreement of the parents: If the team member’s area of curriculum or related services is not be discussed or modified at the meeting, or The area is being discussed & the team member submits written input to the parent & the IEP team, prior to the IEP

10 Created 01/14/0610 IEP Content  Short-term objectives are only required for children taking the alternative assessment of achievement  A description of how progress toward the goals is to be measured & when periodic reports on the progress toward the annual goal will be issued to the parents  If a child is taking state/district-wide assessments of student achievement, the IEP must indicate what accommodations are needed to take the tests

11 Created 01/14/0611 Transition & the IEP  Transition services must be in the IEP and in effect by age 16 years old, previously it was age 14 years old  Transition services must include measurable postsecondary goals services including courses of study needed to assist the child to reach the goals

12 Created 01/14/0612 Amending an IEP  Parent & school district can agree not to hold an IEP to change or amend an IEP  IEP changes can be made by amendment rather than rewriting the entire IEP  A parent must request a revised/amended copy of the IEP, it will not be automatically provided

13 Created 01/14/0613 Discipline  Suspension  Expulsion  Discipline When a Child Has a Suspected Disability

14 Created 01/14/0614 Discipline/Suspension  Students with disabilities are subject to the same suspension rules as nondisabled students  Except the suspension cannot exceed 10 days without a manifestation determination

15 Created 01/14/0615 Discipline/Expulsion  A child can be placed in an alternative setting for 45 school days (previously 45 days) for serious offenses  A manifestation determination meeting must consider: if the conduct was caused by or had direct and substantial relationship to the student’s disability; and if the behavior was the direct result of the district’s failure to implement the IEP. The prior criteria regarding the student’s ability to understand “right from wrong” and whether the district provided appropriate education services was deleted.

16 Created 01/14/0616 Discipline When a Child Has a Suspected Disability  A student who is not eligible for special education may assert IDEA protection if it is determined that the District had knowledge of the disability prior to the behavior  Knowledge of disability can only be established by showing The parents had expressed written concerns to supervisory/administrative personnel or to the child’s teacher The parents requested an evaluation, or The teacher or school personnel expressed specific concerns about a pattern of behavior directly to supervisory personnel

17 Created 01/14/0617 Due Process Fair Hearing  Filing for a Due Process Hearing  Due Process Requests  Write a Due Process Request  Due Process Resolution Session  Should Parents Use the Resolution Session or Mediation?  Postponing a Due Process Hearing  Attorney Fees

18 Created 01/14/0618 Filing for a Due Process Hearing  No agreement at the IEP on special education, related services or placement  Send a request for due process hearing to: Office of Administrative Hearings Special Education Unit 1102 Q Street, Fourth Floor Sacramento, CA 95814 Ph: (916) 323-6876 Fax: (916) 322-8014  A copy must be provided to the district  Effective October 9, 2006 only issues that are 2 years old or less can be included, previously it was 3 years old or less

19 Created 01/14/0619 Due Process Requests  The due process request must contain the following information: The name of the child The child’s residence address The name of the school the child attends A description of the problem and the facts relating to the problem A proposed resolution to the problem to the extent the parent knows what would solve the problem  The parent should use the OAH Form  If the request does not contain enough information it can be dismissed

20 Created 01/14/0620 Write a Due Process Request  Juan is 13 years old, has autism and attends Middle School in the Rocky Mountain School District. Juan is a regional center client. Juan’s 6/1/04 IEP states that he was entitled to Psychological Services once a week for 60 minutes. According to that IEP, Dr. Lu provided those services by giving Juan psychotherapy. Dr. Lu has worked with Juan since he was 4 years old and has an established relationship with Juan. Dr. Lu has successfully helped Juan develop skills to modify his behavior.  At the 6/1/05 IEP meeting the District wanted to change Juan’s Psychological Services to 2 hours per month consultation services by the District Autism Specialist for the Middle School staff.  Juan’s parents do not believe that his Psychological Services should be reduced or changed. Juan needs psychotherapy services in order to give him direct strategies to compensate for the behaviors he exhibits in school, such as inflexible thinking and an inability to self-correct his behavior. They do not think a district Autism Specialist is qualified to provide this level of service nor does she have an established relationship with Juan. They want services to continue.

21 Created 01/14/0621 Due Process Resolution Session  The district must hold a Resolution Session within 15 days of receipt of the due process complaint unless there is a written waiver by both parties  The Resolution Session does not replace the mediation conference and both parties can agree to use mediation instead  The district can not have an attorney present unless the parent has an attorney present  The parties have 30 days from the date the district receives the complaint to develop a written settlement statement that is legally binding and enforceable  Either party may void the agreement within three business days

22 Created 01/14/0622 Should Parents Use the Resolution Session or Mediation?  Mediation differs from a Resolution Session in 4 important ways First, in mediation there is a neutral third party to help the parents and school come up with an agreement, there is not in a Resolution Session Second, in mediation all discussions which took place in reaching an agreement stay confidential and cannot be disclosed in a subsequent hearing or court case, this is not the case in a Resolution Session Third, there is no three-business-day time period in which either side can void a mediation agreement, there is for a Resolution Hearing Fourth, the time line for a final decision in the case continues to run during mediation; that time period stops running during the Resolution Session process

23 Created 01/14/0623 Postponing a Due Process Hearing  Requires good cause  Good cause is generally limited to illness or other unexpected emergencies  An unavailable witness is not good cause  A parent should not file for due process unless all witnesses and documents will be ready approximately 60 days later

24 Created 01/14/0624 Attorney Fees  There are no attorney fees for attending a Resolution Session  A district may seek fees against the parents and the parent’s attorney if it can demonstrate to a court that The filing of the complaint was frivolous, unreasonable, or without foundation The complaint was presented for an improper purpose such as to harass, unnecessarily delay, or needlessly increase the costs They continued to litigate after the matter clearly became frivolous, unreasonable or without foundation

25 Created 01/14/0625 Resources  Protection & Advocacy, Inc. http://www.pai-  California Department of Education  US Department of Education 004.html 004.html  California Office of Administrative Hearings efault.htm efault.htm

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