“Peace is the unceasing effort to preserve human rights.... A combined demonstration of strength and goodwill.”
Carter’s emphasis on human rights brought notable achievements,...
... but complicated the relationship of the United States with some nations. (The United States led over sixty nations in a boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics.)
Many people think the United States should boycott the Beijing Olympics in 2008, because of China’s support for genocide in Darfur, Sudan. [Image source: http://secrettibet.rsfblog.org/archive/2007/03/07/beijing-the-first-unmerciful-olympics.html]
Support for human rights was the cornerstone of Carter’s foreign policy.
“Our commitment to human rights must be absolute.... We can never be indifferent to the fate of freedom elsewhere.” [Image source: http://brysonburke.com/mining_angola.html]
“Our country has been strongest and most effective when morality and a commitment to freedom and democracy have been most clearly emphasized in our foreign policy.”
“Instead of promoting freedom and democratic principles, our government seemed to believe that in any struggle with evil, we could not compete effectively unless we played by the same rules or lack of rules as the evildoers.... When I announced my candidacy in December 1974, I expressed a dream: ‘That this country set a standard within the community of nations of courage, compassion, integrity, and dedication to basic human rights and freedoms.’”
Carter was committed to finding an ethical solution to the complicated problems in the Middle East. [Image source: http://www.jfjfp.org/backgroundC.htm]
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat made a historic visit to Isreal to begin negotiations with the Jewish state. [Image source: http://www.knesset.gov.il/history/eng/eng_hist9.htm]
This opened the way for a summit between Egypt and Israel hosted by the United States at the Camp David presidential retreat in Maryland.
The resulting framework for peace became known as the Camp David Accords. [Image source: http://ap.grolier.com/picturepopup?productid=gme&assetid=pr043&templatename=/article/picturepopup.html]
Israel withdrew from the Sinai peninsula in exchange for Egyptian recognition of the Jewish state and the establishment of peaceful relations. [Image source: http://www.israelipalestinianprocon.org/bin/procon/procon.cgi?database=5-H-Sub- Q04.db&command=viewone&op=t&id=8&rnd=924.5088449506381]
Both Sadat and Begin would later receive the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts. [Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/96884693@N00/1575195969/]
The Camp David Accords did not resolve all of the problems – the issue of Palestinian refugees being one of the most-pressing. [Image source: http://tonykaron.com/2007/06/03/how-the-1967-war-doomed-israel/]
Carter’s diplomacy – a continuation of Nixon’s shuttle diplomacy – has committed the United States to remaining an engaged partner, determined to resolve the problems of the Middle East. [Image source: http://www.wittyworld.com/editorial- political/middle.east.html]
The Arab-Israeli conflict today: [Image source: http://www.science.co.il/Arab-Israeli-conflict/]
Under Carter, the United States stopped helping regimes that abuse human rights, such as Nicaragua and Chile.
Carter proved the United States could deal fairly with smaller nations when he proposed in 1977 returning the trans-isthmian canal to Panama. [Image source: http://www.orwelltoday.com/panamamoorerbook.shtml]
The Senate ratified the treaty by a one-vote margin in 1978.
Even after returning full-control to Panama in 2000, the United States retains the right to intervene militarily to keep the canal open. [Image source: http://www.photoatlas.com/pics02/pictures_of_panama_75.html]
Carter established diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China in January 1979. [Image source: http://www.ihep.ac.cn/huitan/PRC-US.htm]
Carter also called for black majority-rule in the African nations of Rhodesia (present-day Zimbabwe) and South Africa. [Image source: http://www.smartindicators.org/pilots/southern_afr/Southern_Africa-Crises.htm]
He also called upon the Soviet Union and Cuba to stop interfering in the internal- affairs of African nations such as Angola. [Image source: http://error98.blogspot.com/2007/07/cuba-y-africa.html]
Carter attempted to capitalize on Détente by promoting arms-limitations negotiations with the Soviet Union. [Image source: http://www.espionageinfo.com/Bl-Ch/Carter-Adminstration-1977-1981- United-States-National-Security-Policy.html]
Carter’s efforts were complicated by his support of Soviet dissidents. [Image source: http://zenpundit.com/?cat=91]
The Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979 threatened harmonious relations between the two superpowers. [ Image source: http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/afghanistan.htm]
The U.S.S.R. remained in Afghanistan in defiance of a United Nations resolution calling for their withdrawal. [Image source: http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/canada-magazine/issue26/02-title-en.asp]
In response, led by the United States, more than sixty nations boycotted the 1980 Moscow Olympics. [Image source: http://www.davno.ru/soviet-posters/olimpiada80/]
In January 1979, a revolution led by Muslim fundamentalists threatened the monarchy of America’s Persian Gulf ally, shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi II of Iran. [Image source: http://bss.sfsu.edu/behrooz/Pahlavi.htm]
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi II fled into exile and was replaced by the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. [Image source: http://blogs.britannica.com/blog/main/2006/11/whats-really-behind-fundamentalism/]
In October 1979, the United States allowed the ailing shah to come to the America for medical treatment. [Image source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/618649.stm]
Outraged Iranians – violating the etiquette of international diplomacy – seized the American embassy in Tehran on 4 th November 1979. [Image source: http://apps.michigandaily.com/blogs/thepodium/?p=199]
Some people today blame Carter for the loss of Iran, and how the Islamic republic that emerged has made Middle East diplomacy more complicated. [Image source: http://marknicodemo.mu.nu/archives/2005_10.php]
Fifty-two American citizens were held hostage for 444 days, being released the day Ronald Reagan was sworn-in as President of the United States. [Image source: http://www.presidentreagan.info/images/first_inauguration.jpg]
CNN video almanac http://www.cnn.com/resources/video.alma nac/1980/index.html