Presentation on theme: "The Origins and Legacy of The Cold War:. I.Origins of Cold War - Bernard Baruch coins the term "Cold War". A. Definition - Sharp diplomatic and economic."— Presentation transcript:
The Origins and Legacy of The Cold War:
I.Origins of Cold War - Bernard Baruch coins the term "Cold War". A. Definition - Sharp diplomatic and economic conflict between nations, without actual warfare, particularly the conflict between the United States and its allies and the Communist Bloc of nations led by the Soviet Union and China from the end of World War II until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and when socialists diehards stopped in 1991.
B. Two Sides United States 1.US alarmed at Soviet aim to communize world 2.US alarmed at expansion of Soviets in Eastern Eur. 3.Dem. Gov’t 4.Capitalist economy 5.Guarantee civil liberties 6.Freedom in social and cultural life Soviet Union 1.Alarmed at US eco. and military size. 2.Alarmed at Marxist idea that capitalism must expand to survive. 3.Alarmed at Truman doctrine of containment 4.Authoritarian gov’t 5.Communist eco. Gov’t 6.Limits on civil rights 7.Cycles of repression and freedom in social and cultural life
Poland’s Free Government???
Soviet Expansion, the Iron Curtain, and ContainmentContainment
NATO/Warsaw NATO/Warsaw Pact
Communists Take Over China
Korean War Video Part 2 Video Part 2
11. Loyalty Review Board/HUACHUAC 12. Hollywood Ten and the blacklist
13. U.S.S.R. explodes Atomic Bomb 14. Alger HissAlger Hiss
15. Ethel and Julius Rosenberg 16. McCarthyism/Causes and EffectsMcCarthyism/Causes and Effects – He may be a commie He may be a commie – Duck and cover Duck and cover
Dulles and Massive RetaliationMassive Retaliation
Khrushchev 1. 2.
Eisenhower Doctrine 1957 – Ike warned that, because of economic and political instability, the Middle East was vulnerable to communist infiltration. Ike offers: 1. economic and military aid 2. armed assistance upon request to communist aggression. Lebanon and Saudi Arabia – yes Egypt and Syria - no
Soviets Invade Hungary
Sputnik USSR 1957 1 st ICBM Used later for Sputnik
U-2U-2 - On May 1, 1960, thirteen days before the scheduled opening of an East–West summit conference in Paris
Kennedy and Flexible Response
Cuba – revolt under Fidel Castro/ Bay of PigsBay of Pigs
United States making the first underwater launch of a Polaris on 20 July 1960 from a nuclear submarine
Berlin Crisis Berlin Crisis and the Berlin WallBerlin Wall
Cuban Missile Crisis
Limited Test Ban Treaty
1.USSR dominates Eastern Europe 2.USSR A-bomb 3.China 4.Truman Doc. 5.Berlin Blockade 6.McCarthyism 7.Dulles 8.Hungary 9.Korean War 10.Berlin Crisis/Wall CLC Greats list 1.USSR dominate Easter Europe 2.Marshall Plan 3.USSR A-bomb 4.NATO / Warsaw Pact 5.McCarthyism 6.Sputnik 7.Truman Doctrine 8.China 9.U-2 Incident 10.Eisenhower Doctrine
Nixon and China - DetenteDetente
SALT I & II
Camp David Accords – US = Peace???
Soviet/Afghanistan War Video, Stinger VideoStinger
Reagan and the Cold War Video 1, 212
Fall of Berlin Wall - videovideo
End of the Cold War Video 1, 212
Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV) warhead is a collection of nuclear weapons carried on a single intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) or a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM). Using a MIRV warhead, a single launched missile can strike several targets, or fewer targets redundantly