Presentation on theme: "The Origins and Legacy of The Cold War:. I.Origins of Cold War - Bernard Baruch coins the term "Cold War". A. Definition - Sharp diplomatic and economic."— Presentation transcript:
I.Origins of Cold War - Bernard Baruch coins the term "Cold War". A. Definition - Sharp diplomatic and economic conflict between nations, without actual warfare, particularly the conflict between the United States and its allies and the Communist Bloc of nations led by the Soviet Union and China from the end of World War II until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and when socialists diehards stopped in 1991.
B. Two Sides United States 1.US alarmed at Soviet aim to communize world 2.US alarmed at expansion of Soviets in Eastern Eur. 3.Dem. Gov’t 4.Capitalist economy 5.Guarantee civil liberties 6.Freedom in social and cultural life Soviet Union 1.Alarmed at US eco. and military size. 2.Alarmed at Marxist idea that capitalism must expand to survive. 3.Alarmed at Truman doctrine of containment 4.Authoritarian gov’t 5.Communist eco. Gov’t 6.Limits on civil rights 7.Cycles of repression and freedom in social and cultural life
Eisenhower Doctrine 1957 – Ike warned that, because of economic and political instability, the Middle East was vulnerable to communist infiltration. Ike offers: 1. economic and military aid 2. armed assistance upon request to communist aggression. Lebanon and Saudi Arabia – yes Egypt and Syria - no
Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV) warhead is a collection of nuclear weapons carried on a single intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) or a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM). Using a MIRV warhead, a single launched missile can strike several targets, or fewer targets redundantly