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STUDENT RESPONSE SYSTEMS FOR QUANTITATIVE LITERACY: (A) YES (B) NO (C) MAYBE Lisa M. Reilly Assistant Professor of Chemistry Adam C. Fletcher Assistant.

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Presentation on theme: "STUDENT RESPONSE SYSTEMS FOR QUANTITATIVE LITERACY: (A) YES (B) NO (C) MAYBE Lisa M. Reilly Assistant Professor of Chemistry Adam C. Fletcher Assistant."— Presentation transcript:

1 STUDENT RESPONSE SYSTEMS FOR QUANTITATIVE LITERACY: (A) YES (B) NO (C) MAYBE Lisa M. Reilly Assistant Professor of Chemistry Adam C. Fletcher Assistant Professor of Mathematics Bethany College Bethany, WV

2 Outline The Wired Generation History of Student Response Systems Research on Student Response Systems in STEM areas Types of Student Response Systems Available Example of will be conducted Our Choice of System and Why Formative Assessment using Multiple Choice Questions Formative Assessment using Open-Ended Questions Comparing Error Analysis of Both Assessment Tools Current Data on Student Response Systems Improving Quantitative Literacy in a Liberal Arts Physical Science Course Discussion Acknowledgements

3 The Wired Generation Data reported on the technology students in CHEM 100 (Consumer Chemistry) possess

4 History of Student Response Systems General Lecture Traditional v. Interactive Engagement Biology and Related Areas Chemistry Mathematics Role of Peer Discussion

5 General Lecture Bill Watterson. Calvin and Hobbes

6 Traditional v. Interactive Engagement Study of over 6 000 students in introductory physics courses using a variety of pedagogical methods Survey of pre/post test data Students in the interactive engagement courses improved problem solving skills beyond the traditional lecture R. Hake, ” Interactive-engagement vs traditional methods: A six-thousand student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses” AJP 66, 64-74 (1998).

7 Biology and Related Areas References report either a slight to minimal effect on exam grades Significant gains in student attitudes, attendance, and overall satisfaction with the course Preszler, R. W.; Dawe, A.; Shuster, Charles B. and Shuster, M. Assessment of the Effects of Student Response Systems on Student Learning and Attitudes over a Broad Range of Biology Courses. CBE—Life Sciences Education. 2007, 6, 29-41. Caldwell, J.E. Clickers in the Large Classroom: Current Research and Best-Practice Tips. CBE-Life Science Education. 2007, 6, 9-20. Gauci SA; Dantas AM; Williams DA; Kemm RE. Promoting student- centered active learning in lectures with a personal response system. Adv Physiol Educ. 2009, 33(1):60-71. From Cadwell, results of student evaluation of a non-majors biology course that used SRS

8 Chemistry Study reveled that showing the results as the student take the assessment is not best In comparing the SRS with WebCT questions the differences may have existed due to the WebCT questions being available for review online Practice, reflection, and review are necessary for effective student learning Reference: Bunce, D.M.; Vanden Plas, J.R.; Havanki, K.L. Comparing the Effectiveness on Student Achievement of a Student Response System versus Online WebCT Quizzes. J. Chem. Educ., 2006, 83 (3), 488. Additional: MacArthur, J.R.; Jones, L.L. A Review of Literature reports of clickers applicable to College Chemistry Classrooms. Chem. Educ. Res. Pract. 2008, 9, 187-195. Asirvatham, M.R. Clickers in Action: Increasing Student Participation in General Chemistry. W.W. Norton, New York. 2010.

9 Mathematics and Computer Science Students can use cell phones as SRS to take vocabulary quizzes, study geometry via geotagging As with Biology students, Computer Science saw no significant increase in grades, but increase in both engagement and attitude At Bethany, we have seen these trends mirrored in online precalculus, hybrid mathematical writing, and online network architecture courses Kolb, Liz. Adventures with Cell Phones, ASCD, February 2011, 39-43. Martyn, Margie. Clickers in the Classroom. Educause Quarterly, 2007 (2). 71-74. Fletcher, Adam. How Effective are Online Courses, WVCTM Conference Presentation, March 2010.

10 Peer Discussion Smith, M. K.; Wood, W.B.; Krauter, K.; Knight, J.K. Combining Peer Discussion with Instructor Explanation Increases Student Learning from In-Class Concept Questions. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2011 March 1; 10(1): 55–63.

11 Summary of Benefits Instantaneous feedback to both you and your students about learning in the classroom Engages the students enough to keep them alive during lecture Privacy of voting allows student to be honest about what they do and do not know. Increase class attendance Some evidence of problem-solving skills increasing

12 Types of Student Response Systems Available Some of the more prominent SRS options: Dyknow( eInstruction ( iClicker ( LectureTools ( Netsupport( ( Qwizdom ( Smart Technologies ( TurningPoint ( Ubiquitous Presenter( ) Like other e-learning applications, this list is fluid and subject to change

13 Use of Example of its uses will be included in the presentation.

14 Our Choice and Why Smart Technologies ( SMART Response XE interactive response system Support advanced math and science content by allowing for symbolic manipulations as input to the system Allows for a range of acceptable answers for questions by permitting a range of representations for the correct answer Integrated with SmartBoard Systems and its software purchased with a previous grant Pictures from:

15 Formative Assessment Using Multiple Choice Questions This will be conducted in the Smart Notebook Software Program.

16 Formative Assessment Using Open-Ended Questions This will be conducted in the Smart Notebook Software Program.

17 Comparing Error Analysis of Both Assessment Tools Reference: Ashlock, Robert. Error Patterns in Computation. 9 th edition, Pearson. For multiple-choice Attractive distractors must be presented Time-consuming to create Time-saving to analyze For open-ended Real-time errors can be made (and recorded!) Is wrong answer a sign of misunderstanding, or tech malfunction? Instructor must analyze errors “on the fly” 6(1+4x)+2 = 30x+2 Domain of (9-x^2)^(1/2) and Domain of (9+x^2)^(1/2) Second semester calculus: f(x)=1/x. Compute f’(x).

18 Active Learning Exercises in a Liberal Arts Chemistry Course

19 Quantitative Literacy in a Liberal Arts Chemistry Course

20 Discussion Questions for Initiating Discussion Will I cover less material if I use clickers and peer instruction? How long should conceptual questions take to answer (how complex should they be)? How do I write good questions? What “credit” should I give?

21 How Do We Make Good Clicker Questions? 21 Questions need to match the student learning objectives for the lecture Key is to use effective “distractors” Listen to students & how they think to find with these Textbooks are now including some student response system questions Talk to colleagues, especially when working to include interdisciplinary topics

22 Must have “student buy in” Observe other teachers Practice with the system before going in the classroom Plan for the unexpected as best you can: low batteries, missing student response systems Start with a few questions and then increase Vary complexity – Question should encourage discuss Questions must be related to course objective and exams Plan time to discuss questions Tips for Using Clickers Based on literature above and author Doug Duncan, astronomer, University of Colorado, Clickers in the Classroom: How to Enhance Science Teaching Using Classroom Response Systems

23 Pros and Cons – Session Generated PRO – ClickersANTI - Clickers

24 Questions? Questions Now Questions Then Ask Us How Or an Email Send!

25 Acknowledgements ACA/Teagle Quantitative Literacy Grant Bethany College Students who participated in multiple sections Student who were the test group for practice

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