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Caesar’s English II Lesson XI. GRAT (PLEASING) GRATIFICATION, INGRATIATE, GRATUITOUS GRAT means pleasing. Gratification is when you are pleased; to ingratiate.

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Presentation on theme: "Caesar’s English II Lesson XI. GRAT (PLEASING) GRATIFICATION, INGRATIATE, GRATUITOUS GRAT means pleasing. Gratification is when you are pleased; to ingratiate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Caesar’s English II Lesson XI

2 GRAT (PLEASING) GRATIFICATION, INGRATIATE, GRATUITOUS GRAT means pleasing. Gratification is when you are pleased; to ingratiate yourself with someone means trying to please him and win him over; and a gratuitous assumption is unfounded; it is one that might please you, but it has no good reason or evidence, so it is pleasing, but probably false! Spanish…gratificación

3 curr (run) current, recur, incur CURR means run. A current runs in a stream; something recurs when it happens again, like a rerun; and to incur costs means to run into them! Spanish…incurrir

4 trans (across) transfer, transfusion, transcendent TRANS means across. To transfer means to move things across from here to there; a transfusion moves blood across from a person or bottle to another person; and transcendent things are superior--they cross beyond anything previously done. Spanish…transcendente

5 migr (wander) migrate, migratory, transmigration MIGR means wander. To migrate is to wander or move to a new place; migratory birds fly south for the winter, as though they were wandering through the skies; and the transmigration of souls is the idea that souls wander to a new being at death! Spanish…transmigración

6 rupt (break) abrupt, corrupt, disrupt RUPT means break. An abrupt change is a sharp break in an event; a corrupt official has broken morals; and to disrupt an event is to break it up! Spanish…abrupto

7 Advanced Word: Gratuitous The adjective gratuitous means unfounded or unmerited. It might be pleasing to you, but it is not necessary or based on evidence. In Thomas Hardy’s 1886 novel The Mayor of Casterbridge, he wrote that “A gratuitous ordeal was in store for her in the matter of her handwriting.” Henry David Thoreau used gratuitous in his 1854 Walden, to say that we should care for our neighbor: “We should feed and clothe him gratuitously sometimes.”

8 Caesar’s English II Lesson XI StemmeaningExample GRATPLEASINGgratitude CURRRUNcurrent TRANSACROSStransfer MIGRWANDERmigrate RUPTBREAKinterrupt

9 Toady : Ingratiate :: a.current : event b.corrupt : crime c.transfuse : blood d.bird : migrate

10 Toady : Ingratiate :: a.current : event b.corrupt : crime c.transfuse : blood d.bird : migrate

11 Transfer : Goods :: a.hunger : gratify b.corrupt : money c.transfuse : blood d.costs : incur

12 Transfer : Goods :: a.hunger : gratify b.corrupt : money c.transfuse : blood d.costs : incur

13 Find the best opposite. INCUR a.avoid b.recur c.current d.transfer

14 INCUR a.avoid b.recur c.current d.transfer

15 GRATUITOUS a.transcendent b.justified c.corrupt d.disrupted

16 GRATUITOUS a.transcendent b.justified c.corrupt d.disrupted

17 Caesar believed that his military abilities were ___________. a.ambuscaded b.current c.transcendent d.disrupted

18 Caesar believed that his military abilities were ___________. a.ambuscaded b.current c.transcendent d.disrupted

19 The senators believed that Caesar’s decision was merely __________. a.recurring b.omniscient c.migratory d.gratuitous

20 The senators believed that Caesar’s decision was merely __________. a.recurring b.omniscient c.migratory d.gratuitous

21 Barbarian uprisings ____________ in Gaul throughout the decade. a.recurred b.transfused c.transmigrated d.reiterated

22 Barbarian uprisings ____________ in Gaul throughout the decade. a.recurred b.transfused c.transmigrated d.reiterated

23 The Grammar of Vocabulary: gratuitous, an adjective. Cicero delivered a diatribe of gratuitous insults. ________________________________________

24 Caesar’s Classic Words Challenge From Charles Dickens’s David Copperfield This was entirely a __________ assumption. a.recurrent b.corrupt c.gratuitous d.transcendent

25 From Charles Dickens’s David Copperfield This was entirely a __________ assumption. a.recurrent b.corrupt c.gratuitous d.transcendent

26 From James Hilton’s Lost Horizon Shangri-La was interesting enough to _________ these attitudes. a.disrupt b.incur c.transmigrate d.transcend

27 From James Hilton’s Lost Horizon Shangri-La was interesting enough to _________ these attitudes. a.disrupt b.incur c.transmigrate d.transcend

28 From Joseph Conrad’s Lord Jim He kept on trying to __________ himself with all. a.ingratiate b.transfer c.disrupt d.migrate

29 From Joseph Conrad’s Lord Jim He kept on trying to __________ himself with all. a.ingratiate b.transfer c.disrupt d.migrate


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