Landing Zone Safety Number One Goal – Safety First Vision Zero
–Address –Intersections –Mile markers –Town Centers (heading and distance) - GPS coordinates Making the Call Location
Helicopter Shopping If program A won’t accept the flight maybe program B will?
LZ Commander – Scene Safety Duration Roads By-standers – Communication 5 minutes out Landing Zone information Radio contact at all times including while on ground until lift off & out of site. – Directions – Alternate LZ –This is a job from start to aircraft departed & out of sight
Landing Zone Guidelines 100 feet Landing Zone Wind Direction At least 100’ x 100’ - 40 paces Free of debris Marked with cones and/or lights Note hazards (e.g. wires, towers, trees, etc.)
Landing Zone Selection –Scene –Pre-Designated –Hospital Helipads
LZ Selection - Rotor Wash Rotor Wash can be very strong secure trash, debris, bystanders, mailboxes, sheets on cots, doors on apparatus, hats
Landing Zone Selection Scene –Shortens overall scene time –Allows the patient to get to definitive care faster –Flight crew can be an additional resource at the scene if needed
Landing Zone Selection Predesignated LZ – Established prior to the accident – Maintained in a database at dispatch center – Includes GPS coordinates, hazards, & description – May be strategically placed around your community – May assist aircraft in finding the scene –Airports, Hospital Helipads, Schools, Fields, etc.
Predesignated LZ Address: Geneva State Park 6412 Lake Road West Geneva, Ohio 44041 Coordinates: N 41°51.15 W 080°59.08 LZ Description: Large parking lot, south side of road. Creek tributary just West of LZ. Lake Erie is 200 yards north of LZ Hazards: Wires on South side of road
Marking the LZ Cones Strobe lights Emergency vehicles (Usually the first thing seen)
In the aircraft…. Flight crew is taking ground contact information from dispatch center Flight crew will attempt radio contact 5 minutes out (landing zone briefing)
Landing Zone Briefing Direct the aircraft to LZ –Landmarks –Give directions by North/South/East/West –See/Hear the aircraft Landing Zone Brief –Advise surface condition – Slope, soft ground, asphalt, snow, high grass, etc. Gravel is a poor LZ surface –Perimeter Markings –Overhead Hazards (Power lines, light poles) –Any other aircraft
Sample LZ Briefing Helicopter 5, this is Wayne Township LZ Command – You will be landing in a baseball field, behind the high school, wide open flat grassy area. We have your LZ marked with five orange cones on their sides w/strobes, the fifth one marking the wind which is coming from the north. Be advised there are power lines along the tree line to the north side of ball field, the east & west are wide open, and the school sits to the south. You should also be aware there is a cell phone tower we can see about a mile to the east of this location, it is NOT lit. Do you have any questions?
WIRES, WIRES, Wires! Especially High Tension Wires
WIRES, WIRES, Wires! Especially High Tension Wires
WIRES, WIRES, Wires! Especially High Tension Wires You can sometimes see more from the ground Communicate!
Final Approach Aircraft calls “on location/final/landing” At least one orbit over the scene Charged hose lines are optional “Abort” if not safe
ABORT If at anytime during the landing, you, as a first responder on the ground, see a hazard (wires, obstructions, towers, etc.) that the helicopter is getting close to, or ANY dangerous situation developing, please immediately state “ABORT” on the radio. The pilot will immediately abort the landing and probably climb to get to a safe altitude to assess the situation
Snow or Dust Take cover Prolonged hovering is not abnormal Anticipate losing visual contact with helicopter
HAZMAT Situations Hazmat and Helicopters rule of Thumb Increase distance 1/4 to 1 mile away depending on size & type. Rotor wash can blow hazardous material over a large area. Avoid setting up the LZ in low lying areas near the scene. Avoid setting up a LZ down wind of an accident site. Helicopter engine exhaust can ignite combustible gases. Do not put contaminated items on board the helicopter. Never assume its not a HAZMAT situation
On the ground…. Perimeter guard Hot off load Patient access Aircraft remains running Keep vehicles >50’ from helicopter
Nighttime Approach No white lights directed into LZ Perimeter guard is very important Flashing red and blue lights are OK Night Vision Goggles (some programs are using)
Multiple Aircraft Scene Adequate room Communication is key
Unloading – Do not approach helicopter! – Assist only when asked Crew Pilot – Approach at 90° – Watch loose articles of clothing Safety First
DO NOT APPROACH The aircraft when running – this means you!
Transfer away from helicopter Quick patient assessment – Physically – Mentally Necessary procedures We know time is critical! Safety First
Danger Areas – Main rotor – Tail rotor – Exhaust – Pitot tube Danger Rear Loading Caution Safety First Side Loading
Danger Areas – Main rotor – Tail rotor – Exhaust – Pitot tube Safety First Approach
Danger Areas – Main rotor – Tail rotor – Exhaust – Pitot tube Safety First
Danger Areas –Main rotor –Tail rotor –Exhaust –Pitot tube Safety First
Loading Systems –Rear Loading –Side Loading Safety First
Loading – Secure loose clothing Especially ball caps / hats – Roadway – little help – Fields Four corner carry Move at direction of flight crew One crew posted at tail Day vs. Night
Rescuing the Rescuer What you should know about the helicopter as a 1st responder to a crash
– Scene Safety – Protect yourself and others – Wait for the AC to stop moving including rotor blades! Rescuing the Rescuer First Things First
– Jet A- Fuel (less flammable than gas) – Use foam suppression – Oxygen source on board (liquid O2 tank, D tanks) – Small fire extinguishers on board Rescuing the Rescuer In Case of a Fire
Flight Crew Safety Features Nomex Flight Suits EMS Boots Helmets with shields Gloves Ongoing Safety Training
The Air Ambulance can serve you only if we arrive safely Safety of the people on the ground depends on you, the professionals at the scene
Landing Zone Practice Can you describe the landing zone? Can you identify the hazards?