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© 1999-2003 Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 1 Presentation created for the Intel ® Teach to the Future Essentials Course by Judi Edman Yost Institute.

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Presentation on theme: "© 1999-2003 Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 1 Presentation created for the Intel ® Teach to the Future Essentials Course by Judi Edman Yost Institute."— Presentation transcript:

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2 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 1 Presentation created for the Intel ® Teach to the Future Essentials Course by Judi Edman Yost Institute of Computer Technology

3 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 2 What is Copyright? The exclusive right to produce or reproduce (copy), to perform in public, or to publish an original literary or artistic work. Duhaime's Law Dictionary Almost everything created privately and originally after March 1, 1989 is copyrighted and protected whether it has a notice or not.

4 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 3 How Long Does Copyright Last? Anything created after January 1, 1978 is ordinarily given a term enduring for the author's life plus an additional 70 years after the author's death. For works made for hire (e.g., copyright held by companies), the duration of copyright will be 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter. Click for Details

5 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 4 PublishedConditionsPublic Domain Status Before 1923NoneNow in public domain Between 1923 and 1978 Published without a copyright notice Now in public domain Between 1978 and March 1, 1989 Published without copyright notice, and no subsequent registration Now in public domain Between 1923 and 1963 Published with copyright notice, but not renewed Now in public domain (85% of copyrights were not renewed) Between 1923 and 1963 Published with copyright notice and was renewed 95 years after publication date Between 1964 and 1978 Published with copyright notice 95 years after publication date After March 1, 1989 None (no copyright notice needs to appear) 70 years after death of author; or if work of corporate authorship, either 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter

6 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 5 What is not copyrighted? Works that have not been fixed in a tangible form of expression (have not been written or recorded) Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, concepts, principles, discoveries, or devices, as distinguished from a description, explanation, or illustration Works consisting entirely of information that is common property and containing no original authorship (for example: standard calendars, height and weight charts, tape measures and rulers, etc.)

7 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 6 What is not copyrighted? Logical, comprehensive compilations (such as the telephone book) Materials or reprints of materials in the public domain (all prior to 1923; most between ; additional information at Most U.S. government materials (some items created by contractors for the government might be copyrighted) Facts

8 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 7

9 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 8 What is fair use? Sec. 107 of the Fair Use Provision of the Copyright Act states: Limitations on exclusive right: Fair use. Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

10 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 9

11 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 10 In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include - –the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes... It will infringe copyright if it is published on the Internet!

12 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 11 In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include - –the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; –the nature of the copyrighted work;

13 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 12 In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include - –the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; –the nature of the copyrighted work; –the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and

14 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 13 In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include - –the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; –the nature of the copyrighted work; –the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and –the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

15 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 14 So it would seem that its fair use if… The copying is for educational use; The original material is mainly facts, lacks originality, and is published; You use portions to make your point, not whole sections; and Youre not taking potential sales away from the original –Youre not providing copies just so your school doesnt have to pay for the books (or original source materials).

16 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 15 Seems simple…right? Not exactly… So between , a group of publishers and educators gathered to agree to more specific guidelines so educators wont be sued for copyright infringement when they were thinking their copying was fair use.

17 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 16 The result was...

18 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 17 Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia The Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia is not a legal document, but only an interpretation of the Copyright Act of 1976 by CONFU, a group of educational users and copyright owners.

19 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 18 Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia Although the guidelines have no legal binding, on Sept. 27, 1996, Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property, Committee on the Judiciary, U. S. House of Representatives issued a non-legislative report acknowledging the guidelines. The Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia only applies to educators who produce multimedia.

20 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 19

21 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 20 Students & Educators have Separate Guidelines Students may: –incorporate portions of lawfully acquired copyrighted works when producing their own educational multimedia projects for a specific course; –perform and display their own projects in the course for which they were created; and –retain them in their own portfolios as examples of their academic work for later personal uses such as job and school interviews.

22 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 21 Educator Guidelines Educators may: –Incorporate portions of lawfully acquired copyrighted works when producing educational multimedia projects to support their teaching needs; and –Present their projects in the following situations: Face-to-face instruction, Assigned to students for directed self-study, Remote instruction (with limitations).

23 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 22 Educator Guidelines Educators may retain their projects indefinitely for the following purposes: –To perform or display in presentations to their peers, for example, at workshops and conferences –To retain in their personal portfolios for personal uses such as promotion or job interviews

24 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 23 Educator Guidelines Educators may use their projects for teaching, for a period of up to two years after the first instructional use with a class. Instructional use beyond that time period requires permission for each copyrighted portion incorporated in the production.

25 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 24 Limitations on Size/Portions for both Educators and Students* Motion Media –Up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted motion media work. Text Material –Up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted work of text. *Although all students are to be given instruction on appropriate use, it is understood that students in kindergarten through grade six may not be able to adhere to these limitations.

26 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 25 Text Material - Poems –An entire poem of less than 250 words, –but no more than three poems by one poet, –or five poems by different poets from any single anthology. In poems of greater length: –up to 250 words, –but no more than three excerpts by a single poet, –or five excerpts by different poets from a single anthology. Limitations on Size/Portions for both Educators and Students* *Although all students are to be given instruction on appropriate use, it is understood that students in kindergarten through grade six may not be able to adhere to these limitations.

27 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 26 Music, Lyrics, and Music Video –Up to 10% –but no more than 30 seconds of music and lyrics from a single musical work –Any alterations to a musical work shall not change the basic melody or the fundamental character of the work Limitations on Size/Portions for both Educators and Students* *Although all students are to be given instruction on appropriate use, it is understood that students in kindergarten through grade six may not be able to adhere to these limitations.

28 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 27 Illustrations and Photographs: –A photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety. –No more than 5 images by an artist or photographer. –Not more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, from a single published collected work. Limitations on Size/Portions for both Educators and Students* *Although all students are to be given instruction on appropriate use, it is understood that students in kindergarten through grade six may not be able to adhere to these limitations.

29 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 28 Numerical Data Sets –Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a database or data table. Limitations on Size/Portions for both Educators and Students* *Although all students are to be given instruction on appropriate use, it is understood that students in kindergarten through grade six may not be able to adhere to these limitations.

30 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 29 Copying and Distribution Limitations Including the original, only a limited number of copies may be made of a project: –Two use copies –An additional copy for preservation –Each principal creator may retain one copy

31 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 30 Attribution & Acknowledgement Credit the sources and display the copyright notice © and copyright ownership information for all incorporated works including those prepared under fair use. Copyright ownership information includes: – © (the copyright notice) – year of first publication – name of the copyright holder e.g., © 2001 Company/Persons Name

32 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 31 Attribution & Acknowledgement Crediting the source: –Give a full bibliographic description where available (including author, title, publisher, and place and date of publication). The credit and copyright notice information may be combined in on a separate page/slide…Except for images: –Copyright notice and the name of the creator must be incorporated into the image so that it appears on the screen when the image is viewed.

33 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 32 Notice of Use Restrictions The opening screen of a program and any accompanying print material must include a notice that: –Certain materials are included under the fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law; –Materials are included in accordance with the multimedia fair use guidelines; and –Materials are restricted from further use.

34 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 33 Future Uses Beyond Fair Use If there is a possibility that a project could result in broader dissemination [for instance, publication on the Internet]: obtain permissions when you create it, rather than waiting.

35 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 34 Obtaining Permission When You Need it Sample permission letters are available on the Program CD-ROM under Resources > Copyright Resources –Permission letters to copyright owners –Permission letters to parents to publish student work –An example letter to use in this training

36 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 35 Remember... These are guidelines, not laws. If you feel that any of these guidelines are too restrictive and you want to follow your own instincts about what is fair use, you are free to do so (within your district guidelines, of course). However, realize that the further you venture from these guidelines, the more likely you are to be outside of fair use.

37 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 36 What About Software? Use of software does not fall under fair use! Public or private educational institutions are not exempt from the software copyright laws. When you purchase software, you are only purchasing a license to use the software – you dont own it.

38 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 37 But I can make copies for my own use…right? Anyone who purchases a license for a single copy of software has the right to load it onto a single computer and to make another copy "for archival purposes only." Any other use than archival must be approved by the copyright owner.

39 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 38 Unless you have specific permission from the copyright owner… It is illegal to Purchase a single user license and load it onto multiple computers or a server, Download copyrighted software from the Internet or bulletin boards, or Load the software your school purchased onto your computer at home.

40 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 39 What About Shareware? Shareware is software that is passed out freely for evaluation purposes only. You are allowed to try it out before you pay for it. Evaluation time is usually 30 days. If you wish to keep the software program, then you must pay to keep your evaluation copy. Shareware is often fairly inexpensive.

41 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 40 Freeware is Free…Right? Freeware is also covered by copyright laws and subject to the conditions defined by the holder of the copyright. –You can distribute freeware, but not make any money on it. –You can modify and build other software programs based on the freeware, but those new programs cannot be sold for profit.

42 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 41 Only Public Domain Software is Truly Free Copyright rights have been relinquished. There are no distribution restrictions. You can modify the original software and build new software. You can sell your modified software.

43 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 42

44 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 43 Sources Consulted and For More Information... Fair Use Guidelines For Educational Multimedia Prepared by the Educational Multimedia Fair Use Guidelines Development Committee, July 17, Fair Use Of Copyrighted Materials by Georgia Harper, University of Texas

45 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 44 Sources Consulted and For More Information... Copyright Basics by the U.S. Copyright Office Fair Use Guidelines For Educational Multimedia: Background and Summary by Chris Dalziel The Copyright Website by Benedict OMahoney Copyright Law in the Electronic Environment by Georgia Harper, University of Texas

46 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 45 Sources Consulted and For More Information... Highlights of the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia by Stan Diamond and deg farrelly 10 Big Myths about Copyright Explained by Brad Templeton Duhaime's Law Dictionary by Lloyd Duhaime When Works Pass Into the Public Domain in the United States by Cornell Institute for Digital Collections

47 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 46 Other Resources Rules Of Thumb For Digitizing And Using Others' Works In Multimedia Materials For Educational Purposes by Georgia Harper, University of Texas Rules Of Thumb For Coursepacks by Georgia Harper, University of Texas A Proposal For Educational Fair Use Guidelines For Digital Images by Georgia Harper, University of Texas

48 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 47 Other Resources And if you still cant get enough of this subject, check out other sites at: List of Links to Other Copyright Sites by Georgia Harper, University of Texas

49 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 48 Information on Software Copyright Software Use and the Law by Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA) Digital Anarchy: Part One of an Analysis of Software Piracy by David Laprad The Federation Against Software Theft (FAST) (United Kingdom organization)

50 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 49 Information on Software Copyright Questions and Answers about Software Piracy by Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA) Commercial, Shareware, Freeware & Public Domain Software by SIIA Permissible Copying of Software by Georgia Harper, University of Texas

51 © Intel. All rights reserved. Slide # 50 This presentation is copyrighted by Intel. However, it may be used, with copyright notices intact, for not-for-profit, educational purposes.


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