Presentation on theme: "Contesting The Challenges We Confront!"— Presentation transcript:
1Contesting The Challenges We Confront! Poverty, Health Inequities, Violence, Problematic Juvenile Policies, Drug Use and Incarceration, and Educational InequityHow are we expected to move forward and succeed if we exist in systems that are made for us to fail?
3Our Goal in this first segment… Poverty affects people everywhere. Our purpose in this documentary is to demonstrate the challenges that people who live in poverty in Boston face daily. In particular, we will show a documentary about the lives of two girls, add our own opinion, and hopefully surprise you with some new facts. We want to portray the stories and facts of poverty.
4POWERFUL STATISTICSIn 2000, more than half the working poor were women; 60% were white and 35% were Black or Latino.More than half (52.6%) of full-time workers earned poverty wages in 2004.Percentage of single mothered homes were at 54.8% in 2007; Afr. Am. 26.1%, Asians 12.5%, Hispanics 25.6%.Source: Radical Possibilities by Jean Ayron pg 19,
5Government Definition of Poverty (Source: Anyon, 2005 p.25). Defined based on 1960s price for a minimal food budget (used in war on poverty). That number was multiplied by 3 to cover housing and health-care costs and adjusted for family size. Today those figures are outdated.
6Poverty Most poverty occurs in urban areas Consequences of poverty: Twice the amount of working class families faceMost are full-time workers who face hardships but the gov’t definition of poverty does not include these families.Consequences of poverty:Low-wage work (wages determined solely by congress – a political decision)Too few jobs
7A Documentary…Stories of how students and their families have been touched by poverty.
8Challenge 2: Health Inequities Prepared and presented by Chiuba Obele and Samsul Mahmood
29Health in your Community Preliminary Findings of Survey designed and administered by: Chiuba Obele and Samsul Mahmood
30The participants in Survey Most people are African American %Many are 17 years old—46.9%67.3% have at least one member born outside of US9281.6% visited the doctor during the last 12 months and 14.3% student went to the doctor more than 12 months agoThos who visited the dentist during the last 12 months: 71.4%18.4% visited the dentist more than 12 months ago.
3185.1% students have health care; others are not sure and some do not 66.0% of the students do not receive Welfare benefits: food stamps, free or Reduced School Lunch Programs89.6% of those surveyed live in a house, condo, or apartment owned or rented by parent/guardian91.7% of those surveyed live with their mothers75.7% of our surveyors felt that they were discriminated because of their race and ethnicity51.1% of those surveyed know someone who does not have health care
3240.4% of the surveyors have MassHealth Insurance 30.0% of those surveyed skipped, or have a family member who skipped, a medical test, treatment or follow-up recommended by doctor because of cost30.0% of those surveyed had to choose between paying for medical care or prescriptions and other essential needs (rent, utilities, etc).
33Hazardous Industry in the Neighborhood Presented by Ashley Stephens-Brown based on Research conducted by Staisha Stephens-Brown
34The Proposed Location: P R O B L E M ! !The Proposed Location:Boston’s South End
39Prepared by Ovidio “Junito” Sanchez and Ivanna Bennett Challenge 3: ViolencePrepared by Ovidio “Junito” Sanchez and Ivanna Bennett
40Challenge 4: Juvenile Injustices Prepared by: Rahwa Gebrai, Naomi DeJesus, And Philip Lindsey
41Who Commits Juvenile Crime? According to several studies cited in the report, 20% to 45% of male juveniles and 45% to 69% of females who were serious violent offenders initiated their violence in childhood.
42Historical Trend in Juvenile Crime In the past several decades juveniles younger than age 18 have roughly committed one- third of serious property crime arrest.Juveniles have also done less than one- fifth of all serious violent crime for which people were arrested in America
43Historical Trend in Juvenile Crime In the mid 80’s and 90’s the crime rate for juveniles rose by 75%The murder arrest doubledGun-involved homicides by juveniles tripled between 1984 and 1994.
44Quote: Fact or Fiction?“By the 1920’s, there was a growing concern that white youth were being “seduced” by the new lifestyles of both immigrants and African Americans, all of whom found themselves living side by side in metropolitans centers.”-Juvenile Crime by Jeffrey Ferro
45Types of Crimes Committed by Youth In the 70’s More than Two-third of crimes youth committed were not for murder,rape,robbery aggravated assault,burglary,larceny,motor vehicle theft, or Arson
46Sexual OffenseIt is estimated that juvenile sex offenders account for up top 20% of rapes and nearly 50% of child molestation that occur in the U.S. every year, according to a report from the Institute of Law, Psychiatry, and Public Policy at the University of Virginia
47Child abuse45% of juveniles who were victims of childhood abuse went on to have a record.Among arrested adults, 42 percent were abused as children, compared with 33% who weren’t abused.
48Attitude towards Juvenile Crimes The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Administrator J. Robert Flores noted,“In 1993, there were a total of 1,077 homicides in Los Angeles. Law enforcement linked to gang members to exactly 346 of these homicides.In 2001, there were a total of 587 homicides in Los Angeles - just over half the number in But the number of gang related homicides in 2001 was exactly the same as it was in 1993: 346 gang homicides.”This means that gang crime and activity remained constant.Yet the policies governing crimes committed by teens became stricter
49Is Violence Rising among Adolescents? Many researchers say in the 1960’s-1970’s the crimes increased due to post-world war II “ Baby Boomers” and this has had an after effect on generations to comeYouth violence is also becoming an epidemic due to factors of the individual, family,school, and communities.
50Aren’t Youths getting Worse? This may be a surprise to you but we are not. According to the data collected in California, as the teens in this state evolved the number of teen problems of every kind decreased. (Added by Nina not sure what else to add)
51Current Crime Rate Among Teens Juveniles under the age of 18 made up about 1% of prisoners (YEAR?).WHAT ABOUT BOSTON? FIND OUT – check Boston Police website
52Juvenile RightsInsert several facts from page 301 last paragraph here
53Juvenile RightsJuvenile cases are processed very slowly even though the sixth amendment in the constitution guarantees “Speedy and Public Trail”In 1991 & 1992 juvenile courts in 16 states had a median disposition referral of about 40 days, however 26% of the cases exceeded 90 days of disposition.
54A Teen’s Perspective on his Post-Conviction Experiences Interview conducted by student, Philip LindseyInterviewee discusses:Peer pressure and the importance of parental guidancePolice brutality and racial profilingDifficulty gaining employment post-conviction
55Juveniles and the Death Penalty At the close of 2001, 18 was the minimum age for the death penalty in 15 states.17 was the minimum age for the death penalty in 5 states.16 was the minimum age for the death penalty in 17 states.
56At what Age Can Youths be Tried as An Adult? No minimum age: D.C., Georgia, Florida, Maryland, Tennessee, Rhode IslandAge 10: Kansas and VermontAge 13: Mississippi, New York, North CarolinaAge 14: Alabama, Massachusetts, New Jersey, California, Texas, VirginiaThis is even more problematic given that the U.S. is one of 2 countries that has not ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
57Additional Juvenile Detention Statistics The Bureau of Justice statistics reported that in 1994, 21,000 youths under age 18 were convicted as adults for felony offenses in state courtsStudies suggest 40% of juveniles in adult courts are incarcerated.
58ReferencesFerro, J. (2003). Juvenile Crime. New York, NY: Facts On File, Inc.Myers, D. L. (2005). Boys Among Men: Trying and Sentencing Juveniles as Adults. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers,Guarino-Ghezzi, S., Loughran, E. J. (2004). Balancing Juvenile Justice. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction
59Challenges 5 and 6: Drug Use and Incarceration Prepared by: Christine Casanova, Anthonina Fenelon, Jadira Franco, Victor Gonzalez, Jazzmyn Howell, Kaylisha Miskel, Marlene Oliveira, Fatumata Sheriff, Roxxane Tavares.
60Our Own Data Collection Used 3 instruments (we designed 2 and used a pre-existing instrument designed by students in California) to collect data from teens about their perspectives on:DrugsIncarcerationEducational inequity
61Who participated in Surveys Total number of respondents: n = 125Young adults: yrs. oldThe majority of people who took these surveys were African-Americans and Latinos.
62Preliminary Findings… Drugs: Teens are aware of the consequences! 54.3% First found out about drugs between the ages of 10-1586.1% know someone who is affected by drugs78.1% indicated that the person they know was introduced to drugs by others in their community75% Said it is very easy to get drugs69.4% Said it is more likely for someone who’s been exposed to drugs to go to jail than someone who’s never had that exposure63.9% Said it’s very likely that a person who sells drug will end up in jail
63While teens identify mostly those they see or know as drug users, they also know that the problem also occurs in the suburbs:When asked what race they associate most with drugs:86.1% Said African-Americans72.2% Said Hispanics69.4% Said whitesAre students in urban cities more likely to do drugs than students in suburban cities?44.4% said yes61.1% said no
64One common response on the effect of drugs on the community… “The cycle will continue because the kids in that community don't see anything else. They don't know anything positive”
65Drugs“Today's students can put dope in their veins or hope in their brains. If they can conceive it and believe it, they can achieve it. They must know it is not their aptitude but their attitude that will determine their altitude.”Jesse Jackson (American Civil-Rights Leader, Baptist Minister and Politician, b.1941)
66Drug Use Distribution: A contradiction? See next slide…
67Drug Use in the US among Baby Boomers Source: Beyond Resistance (page 304 )Baby boomers suffer staggeringly higher levels of drug abuse, criminal arrest, imprisonment, family instability, and other difficulties.America’s political tradition of blaming social problems on powerless minorities prevents the confrontation of spiraling middle-aged addiction, crime, AIDS, and imprisonment crises.
69Another one of the Horrible Consequences of Drug Addiction
70Preliminary Findings: Teens Perspectives on Incarceration 82.9% said someone close to them had been arrested62. 9% think that not everyone in jail deserves to be there
71Incarceration: Samples of several open-responses: What Kept you out of Trouble? Theme: Parents, school and future prospects“I study hard and do extracurricular activities which keep me from getting into trouble as well as common sense and the morals and values my mother instilled in me”“My family, friends, mentors, school, and jobs I held. All the values I have for myself.”“The fear of my parents and messing up a bright future”“I think my parents and my brother had a lot to do with keeping me out of trouble. Also people who I saw going through the system showed me it wasn't where I wanted to be.”“School. Knowing that I want to go far in life.”
72Incarceration: Samples of several open-responses: What is the difference between life in jail and life on the streets?Themes: No way out v. a way out / same for both“There's a way out if you’re on the streets. There's no way out if you’re in jail. You can make a difference, further yourself, and make yourself a better person while on the streets. Life in jail: you're stuck there and you might be able to change yourself if you have the will power to.”“I think in jail the authority is placed much tighter on you than in the streets. It’s dangerous in both places, but I think it’s safe to say that jail places you in immediate danger.”“Many feel as if living in the streets is like living in prison. I feel that the key difference is that you are not in control of your life in jail. In fact, prison robs men and women of their future, at least during the time they are incarcerated.”“I believe that the only real difference is that outside the government cannot profit off of people, where in jail the government gets money for every person in there.”
73Incarceration: Samples of several open-responses: Why are so many youths in Jail? Themes: No money, no money, no skills, not much to do, government conspiracy“I believe there are so many young people in jail because there isn’t enough for them to do. Even if there are programs they can go to most of them are not well funded and don’t keep their interest long enough for them to stay out of the streets.”“Kids drop out. Have no money or skills or even confidence to go anywhere in life. Find easy money on the streets. Fights anyone who stops them from that money. That’s it.”“There are so many people in jail because there is no guidance nowadays for people. There is no counseling, jobs for people who have come out of jail so they end up doing the bad behaviors they were doing before going into jail.”“There are so many young people in jail because the government wants to ruin the lives of people who haven't even had a chance to grow up.”
74Incarceration: Samples of several open-responses: What do you think life is like after Jail? “It’s like breaking a bad habit. You begin to lose sensibility on right and wrong. Justified and unjustified. You definitely feel the alienation. And since refusing to handle challenges in life is probably what got you in jail, the challenge of staying out is another challenge most don’t care to overcome.”“Life after jail must be hard because society especially in the United States marks you for life if you committed a crime. Society makes it difficult for you to have a job and maintain one. Hard for you to get back to the life you had before you went to jail.”“It is hard because it is like you have been black listed and they don’t let you live the same although you have paid your time back to the society”
75Incarceration“Jails and prisons are designed to break human beings, to convert the population into specimens in a zoo-obedient to our keepers, but dangerous to each other.”- Angela Davis(http://thinkexist.com/quotation/jails_and_prisons_are_designed_to_break_human/ html)
76The impact of incarceration Does Not End with the Sentence one Receives... Former inmates can be excluded from receiving public assistance, living in public housing, or receiving financial aid for college.Ex-felons are prohibited from voting in many states. And with the increased use of background checks - especially since 9/11 - they may be permanently locked out of jobs in many professions, including education, child care, driving a bus, or working in a nursing home.By Gail Russell Chaddock | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
77Rate of Incarceration in The U.S. is The Highest in the World! 1 in 37 adults living in the United States, will wind up in jail. If the current trends continue, it means that a black male in the United States would have about a 1 in 3 chance of going to prison during his lifetime. For a Hispanic male, it's 1 in 6; for a white male, 1 in 17 (Males, 2006, p
78Consequences of Incarcertation Statistics show that Black juveniles receive harsher treatment in confinement and rehabilitation facilities as well as harsher sentencing in court (“Race and Incarceration in the United States” 2).
79Changes in youth vs. Parent population Youth (ages 10-19)
81Challenge 7: High School Education in the U.S. Prepared by Roxxane Tavares and Esther Pascal
82In Education… Curricular choice matters Seeing themselves and their cultures reflected in curriculum is importantFeeling valuable is importantHaving text books to take home is importantHaving access to clean facilities is important!YET…
83Preliminary Findings: A sampling of Boston Public School Students 38.8% Don’t choose their own class schedules34% said their classes are preparing them for a successful future28% Said the sanitary aspects of the schools are poor50% Said they have reliable teachers who go the extra mile for them36.7% Said their ideas and beliefs are valuable to their teachers62% Said they didn’t have a set of textbooks at home and school60% Said there are working computers and printers in each of their classrooms78% Said there’s a lack of culture and language represented in library books.
84A Media Report on Education “Clueless In America”
85When it comes to Presidential campaigns how often do you hear about Education? ~ Bob Herbert, New York Times Columnist, says, “We don’t hear a great deal about education in the presidential campaign. It’s much too serious a topic to compete with such fun stuff as Hillary tossing back a shot of whiskey, or Barack rolling a gutter ball.”
86No one seems to have the will to engage any of the most serious challenges facing the U.S. With education being one of those issues.* Fact: An American kid drops out of school every 26 seconds That’s more than a million every yearProblem?- A College education is crucial to maintaining a middle class quality of life
87EVIDENCE PLEASE!A recent survey of teenagers by the education advocacy group Common Core found that a quarter could not identify Adolf Hitler, a third did not know that the Bill of Rights guaranteed freedom of speech and religion, and fewer than half knew that the Civil War took place between 1850 and 1900.
88Who’s To Blame?~ Roughly a third of all American high school students drop out. Another third graduate but are not prepared for the next stage of life — either productive work or some form of post-secondary education.~ When two-thirds of all teenagers old enough to graduate from high school are incapable of mastering college-level work, the nation is doing something awfully wrong.~ Bill Gates makes the point that high schools, even when they’re working as designed, cannot teach all our students what they need to know today.
89Quality Of Life Affects There is a wide disparity in the literacy and math skills of both the school-age and adult populations. These skills, which play such a tremendous role in the lives of individuals and families, vary widely across racial, ethnic and socioeconomic groups.• The “seismic changes” in the U.S. economy that have resulted from globalization, technological advances, shifts in the relationship of labor and capital, and other developments.• Sweeping demographic changes. By 2030, the U.S. population is expected to reach 360 million. That population will be older and substantially more diverse, with immigration having a big impact on both the population as a whole and the work force.
90While we’re effectively standing in place, other nations are catching up and passing us when it comes to educational achievement.
91The fact is, as Herbert finalizes his article, there's work to be done!
92World Café Activity: A Community Dialogue What, if anything, about our presentation stands out to you?How might you help us make positive changes at home, in school, in our communities and in the systems (e.g. economic, legal, educational, political), that govern what we do every day?
93Closing Remarks Stephanie Martinez Christine Casanova (reading of poem)Stephanie or Christine will read the next slide before we direct people to the exhibit
94Before you View Our Work and Read Profiling Poems, let us tell you a little about the Poems… These poems [offer a glimpse into] how and what shapes our social world– [a world that you often do not see].” (Jocson, 2006, p.131).These poems tell of our strength and resilience.The “I am from” phrase is a strategy for “moving the poem forward” (Christensen, 2000, p.20) that was borrowed from Linda Christensen’s book Reading, Writing and Rising Up: Teaching about Social Justice and the Power of the Written Word.
95ReferencesHerbert, B. (April 22, 2008). Clueless in America [online]