Presentation on theme: "70 Years of Radioactive Risks in America and Japan Kevin Kamps Beyond Nuclear Medical and Ecological Consequences of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident New."— Presentation transcript:
70 Years of Radioactive Risks in America and Japan Kevin Kamps Beyond Nuclear Medical and Ecological Consequences of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident New York Academy of Medicine March 11-12, 2013
Additional Risks: High-Level Radioactive Waste Storage Pools Fukushima Daiichi Unit 4 on brink of collapse U.S. pools contain much more HLRW than Japanese pools Many warnings about risk of catastrophic pool fires
Additional Risks: High-Level Radioactive Waste Leaks Hanford underground tanks Indian Point HLRW storage pools
False solutions: Reprocessing and Centralized Interim Storage Rokkasho reprocessing facility, Aomori Prefecture Savannah River Site, South Carolina
Some good news: shutdowns Oi, Fukui Prefecture, July 2012 (the only 2 reactors in all of Japan to be restarted post-Fukushima) Kewaunee, WI, June 2013
Some inspiring news: showdowns Tokyo, 2011-2013Indian Point, 2011-2013
GE BWR Mark Is & IIs: Early Warnings “ Recent events have highlighted the safety disadvantages of pressure-suppression containments…What are the safety advantages of pressure suppression, apart from the cost saving?... I recommend that the AEC adopt a policy of discouraging further use of pressure-suppression containments, and that such designs not be accepted for construction permits filed after a date to be decided.” Contained in a memo to his boss by AEC Safety Officer, Stephen Hanauer, Sept. 20,1972
GE Mark I/II: Early Warnings, Ignored “The acceptance of pressure suppression containment concepts by all elements of the nuclear field…is firmly embedded in the conventional wisdom. Reversal of this hallowed policy, particularly at this time, could well be the end of nuclear power. It would throw into question the continued operation of licensed plants…and would generally create more turmoil than I can stand thinking about.” Contained in a response by AEC Safety Head, Joseph Hendrie, September 25, 1972
GE 3 blow the whistle In 1976 Gregory C. Minor, Richard B. Hubbard, and Dale G. Bridenbaugh blew the whistle on safety problems with atomic reactors designed by General Electric. The three resigned from their jobs after becoming increasingly convinced that the atomic reactor design they were reviewing — the Mark 1 — was so flawed it could lead to a devastating accident.
Post-Chernobyl soul searching In 1986, Harold Denton, then the NRC's top safety official, told an industry trade group that the "Mark I containment, especially being smaller with lower design pressure, in spite of the suppression pool, if you look at the WASH 1400 safety study, you'll find something like a 90% probability of that containment failing.”
Freeze Our Fukushimas There are 31 still operating GE Mark I and II BWRs in U.S.: Mark Is (23 units): Browns Ferry 1, 2 and 3, Decatur, AL -- Brunswick 1 & 2, Southport, NC – Cooper, Brownville, NE -- Dresden 2 & 3, Morris, IL -- Duane Arnold, Palo, IA --Edwin Hatch 1 & 2, Baxley, GA -- Fermi 2, Monroe, MI -- Hope Creek, Artificial Island, NJ – Fitzpatrick, Scriba, NY – Monticello, Monticello, MN -- Nine Mile Point Unit 1, Scriba, NY -- Oyster Creek, Lacey Township, NJ -- Peach Bottom 2 & 3, Delta, PA – Pilgrim, Plymouth, MA -- Quad Cities 1 & 2, Cordova, IL -- Vermont Yankee, Vernon, VT. Mark IIs (8 units): LaSalle 1 & 2, Ottawa, IL -- Nine Mile Point 2, Scriba, NY -- Limerick 1 & 2, Pottstown, PA -- Susquehanna 1 & 2, Salem Twp., PA -- Columbia Generating Station, Richland, WA.