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 Artistic Renewal  Inspired by Greece and Rome  Beauty of the human body  Secular (non-religious)  Perspective (give dimension to painting)  Sfumato.

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Presentation on theme: " Artistic Renewal  Inspired by Greece and Rome  Beauty of the human body  Secular (non-religious)  Perspective (give dimension to painting)  Sfumato."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Artistic Renewal  Inspired by Greece and Rome  Beauty of the human body  Secular (non-religious)  Perspective (give dimension to painting)  Sfumato (hazy effect)

3  Human beings as the central concern, not God  Started to question the meaning of life  Doubt  Freedom of thought  Need to know – observations  Tolerance  Progress of science

4  Roman Catholic  Birth of Protestantism  Lutheran (Martin Luther)  Calvinism (John Calvin)  Anglican (King Henry VIII)

5  Bishops and priests supervise parish priests  Colleges to educate priests  Official version of Bible in Latin  All done by Pope in hopes of reuniting Christians (note: this didn’t work)

6  Shogun  Mikado  Daimios  Samurai  after masters death they did a ritual suicide  Peasants, artisans, and merchants

7  Landscaping  Architecture  Painting  Theatre (Noh)

8  Secular  Patron  Theologian  Clergy  Reform  Indulgence  Polytheist  Excommunicate  Annul  heretic

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10  Economic Motives  GOLD ▪ Spices, silk, minerals, etc.  Political Motives  GLORY ▪ More land  Religious Motives  GOD ▪ Spread Christianity

11  Ships  Caravel, Cog, Carrack  Astrolabe  Compass  Portolan

12  Mother Country  African Colony  Cloth, metal, firearms  African Colony  New World  Slaves  New World  Mother Country  Metal, cocoa, corn, fur, tobacco, cotton, fish, sugar

13  Epidemics  Massacres  Forces labour  Economic dependence  Cultural loss

14  Christopher Columbus  Vasco da Gama  John Cabot  Ferdinand Magellan  Jacques Cartier  Samuel de Champlain  Marco Polo

15  Indigenous People  Middlemen  Monarch  Pagan  Empire  Colony  Mother Country  Barter  Conquistador  Missionary

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17  Crop Rotation  Manure as fertilizer  Higher quality seed  Plough improvement  Thresher driven by water wheel

18  Spinning wheel  Spinning Mule  Steam engine (James Watt)  Railway  Coal and iron

19  COTTAGE  Slow production  Small quantity  High cost  High quality  FACTORY  Fast production  Large quantity  Low cost  Low quality

20  Working Class  Lived close to factory  Small, crammed, dirty houses (epidemics)  High rent, many people  Poor ventilation  Children worked, no school  Wages: ▪ Men = full ▪ Women = ½ ▪ Children = ¼  Bourgeois  Factory owners  Spacious living area  Comfortable houses with servants  Children went to school

21  Industrial bourgeoisie  Entrepreneurs, bankers  Petty bourgeoisie  Lawyers, doctors, civil servants  Working class  Factory workers

22  Small hands to get into machines  Whipped if not on task  Many died young due to exhaustion  Permanently stunted due to heavy labour

23  Higher wages  Reduced working hours  Right to strike  Socialism = for the government and factory owner  Liberalism = for the workers rights  Persuaded government to pass labour laws

24  Steamship  Telephone (Alexander Graham Bell)  Electric light bulb (Thomas Edison)  Airplane (Wright brothers)  Gas (Rockefeller)  Order of the Knights of Labor  Labour movement

25  Ruhr Valley  Krupp company  Iron and steel plants to make weapons

26  Industrialization  Ironmonger  Entrepreneur  Capital ($$$)  Urbanization  Social class  Monopoly

27 End of slave TRADE 1807-1818 End of SLAVERY 1833 - 1865

28  Economic Motive  Needed raw material  New markets and companies to invest in  Political Motive  Increase land ownership ▪ “Scramble for Africa” – to claim land for Mother Country  Social Motive  Get rid of excess population ▪ Moved poorer people to move to the new colony

29  Minerals  Gold, diamonds, copper, etc.  Ivory  Wood  Rubber

30  Practice free trade  Slaves prohibited  Importing weapons to Africa prohibited  Country must occupy colony to claim the region

31  Racial discrimination  Economic exploitation  Cultural loss  Forced Labour  If resisted, they were killed

32  Europeans fighting amongst themselves for land rights  Partly the cause of WWI

33  Nationalism  Hydrography  Pact  Allies

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35  Economic crisis  Abandoned free trade  High unemployment rate

36  Germany  Had to abolish military  No right to rearm  Give up territory and colonies in Europe

37  Hitler voted to change German government from democracy to authoritarian regime  Went against the Treaty of Versailles

38  UN created after WWII to prevent another war  Foster peace  Respect of human rights  Improve living conditions for all  Universal Declaration of Human Rights

39  India (Mohandas Gandhi)  Africa (Habib Bourguiba)  How to balance old life and new life ▪ Language ▪ Culture ▪ Religion

40  Life for blacks after abolition of slavery  Martin Luther King  Rosa Parks  KKK (Ku Klux Klan)  Poorer conditions  High unemployment rate  Ban from areas (segregation)  Racism  Civil rights act to recognize blacks and whites as equals  To stop segregation

41  Apartheid System  Population Registration Act ▪ Classify as a racial group  Group Area Act ▪ Non-whites excluded from areas  Nelson Mandela and Frederik De Klerk ▪ Proved that black and white can work together

42  Right to vote  Canada – 1917 Quebec – 1940  Marches, vandalized male areas (golf), disturbed political meetings, etc.  Childrearing and housekeeping  Wanted higher education  Wanted jobs

43  Nuremberg Laws  Jews stripped of German Citizenship  No political rights  Jews and non-Jews couldn’t marry  Property confiscated  Had to identify by yellow star  Holocaust  Genocide  Anne Frank

44  Civil Rights  Protectionism  Charter  Mandate  Boycott  Repression  Dissidence  Segregation  Apartheid  Propaganda  Genocide  Indochina

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46  Common currency  International organization and business

47  Multinational  Free Trade

48  Debt  Lack of investment  Difficulty for agricultural countries

49  Health  Spread of disease  pollution  Culture  Internet ▪ Advantages and disadvantages  TV, music, books, film, etc. ▪ Americanized  Politics  NAFTA  G8  UN


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