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KIDZTOWN ADULT TRAINING Unit: Isaiah, Prophet to Judah – Nov 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "KIDZTOWN ADULT TRAINING Unit: Isaiah, Prophet to Judah – Nov 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 KIDZTOWN ADULT TRAINING Unit: Isaiah, Prophet to Judah – Nov 2013

2 Unit: Isaiah, Prophet to Judah Week 1 – God Called Isaiah (Isaiah 6) Week 2 – Isaiah Confronted Ahaz (Isaiah 7) Week 3 – Hezekiah, Judah’s Faithful King (2 Ki 18-20) Week 4 – Isaiah Preached About the Messiah (Isaiah 53) 2

3 Background Information

4 Historical Context I. 2 nd half of 8 th century BC (≈740 – 700) II. The second “golden age” of Jeroboam II and Uzziah have come to an end. III. The Neo-Assyrian Empire is rising to be the first world super power. IV. Invasion of Israel by Tiglath-pileser III (Isaiah 7- 12) as a result of the Syro-Ephraimite War of BC V. Samaria conquered and the people deported as well as all Israel being annexed in 722 BC. 4 Background Information

5 5 Tiglath-pileser III

6 Historical Context VI. Sargon of Assyria dies in 705 BC and Sennacherib takes his place. VII. Sennacherib invades Judah in 701 BC but Jerusalem is miraculously spared by God. VIII. After chapter 39, Isaiah moves his focus to delivering oracles having to do with the future of Judah past his own lifetime. 6 Background Information

7 Historical Context “... chapters 40–66 consist of oracles given to him by the Spirit of inspiration, thus enabling Isaiah to live in spirit in a future day so that he might be the vehicle of God’s message to the people of that day.” Geoffrey W. Grogan, Isaiah, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, The Expositors Bible Commentary: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1986), Background Information

8 Authorship 8 I. Isaiah the son of Amoz (1:1) II. Married to a prophetess and had two sons. III. The Talmud indicates he was related to the royal house, a cousin of Uzziah. IV. He must have lived into the reign of Manasseh ( BC) because he records the death of Sennacherib (681 BC) in 37:38. V. Legend places his death at the hands of Manasseh, sawn in two inside a hollow log. Background Information

9 Purpose 9 To communicate “[t]he Lord will fulfill His ideal for Israel by purifying His people through judgment and then restoring them to a renewed covenantal relationship. He will establish Jerusalem (Zion) as the center of His worldwide kingdom and reconcile once hostile nations to Himself.” Roy B. Zuck, A Biblical Theology of the Old Testament (electronic ed.; Chicago: Moody Press, 1991), 305. Background Information

10 Overview 10 Chapters 1-6 The first five chapters are indictments against the nation. Chapter six concludes the introduction “for it suggests that the people were not going to pay any attention to the message of Isaiah.” Hill and Walton, Old Testament, 322. Background Information

11 Overview 11 Chapters 7-12 These chapters highlight the failure of Ahaz to trust God and the results of that failure. However, hope is interspersed in this section to demonstrate such failure doesn’t annul God’s covenant. Hill and Walton, Old Testament, 323. Background Information

12 Overview 12 Chapters God’s control over all the nations. Chapters These chapters speak of destruction and desolation in the wake of the Babylonian conquest. However, the despair gives way to joy as Isaiah prophesies of the coming kingdom age when united Israel’s enemies are vanquished by the Lord and the nation blooms once again. Hill and Walton, Old Testament, 323. Background Information

13 Overview 13 Chapters These chapters shift in focus to Hezekiah’s time in the last fifteen years of the 8 th century BC. Unfortunately, Hezekiah turns to Egypt (30-31). The righteous ones are delivered (33) while chapters “speak of the wrath and judgment of Yahweh to fall on all his enemies.” Hill and Walton, Old Testament, 323. Background Information

14 Overview 14 Chapters The end of the Assyrian crisis although Hezekiah would still have to pay tribute to Assyria. Chapters New transition from the Assyrian to Babylonian crisis. Hezekiah prays for healing and receives it. The Babylonians come to congratulate him, and he foolishly shows off the royal treasury which sets the stage for the oracle of chapter 39 indicating Babylon would carry Judah into exile. Hill and Walton, Old Testament, 323. Background Information

15 Overview 15 Chapter 40 Major literary and thematic shift. Chapters These chapters speak to the coming Babylonian crisis. “[W]e should note that [Isaiah] was not prophesying about the Exile; rather, he was assuming it and addressing his message to those who were part of it.” Themes in these chapters include future deliverance, worthlessness of idols, judgment on the nations, and a future “Servant” who would be instrumental in God’s plan. Hill and Walton, Old Testament, Background Information

16 Overview 16 Chapters These chapters project even further into the future to address those who have returned from the exile. Hill and Walton, Old Testament, 324. Additional supporting material is contained is 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles Background Information

17 Major Themes 17 I. The Servant of the Lord – “instrumental in fulfilling God’s plans for Israel” II. The Holy One of Israel – This title is used almost exclusively by Isaiah in the OT. III. God as Savior and Redeemer – saving His people is a vindication of Himself in the eyes of the nations. (Goel) IV. Eschatology – emphasis placed upon the future kingdom of Israel and Yahweh’s reign. Background Information

18 Major Themes 18 V. The Remnant – This theme provides the balance between God’s holiness and love (Savior and Redeemer). VI. God’s Rule Over History – Isaiah’s prophecy and fulfillment of the destruction of the northern kingdom as it relates to his prophecy about the prophecy of Judah’s destruction AND restoration. Background Information

19 Outline 19 I. Volume of rebuke and promise, 1:1–6:3 A.First sermon: rebellion confronted with judgment and grace, 1:1–31 B.Second sermon: present chastisement for future glory, 2:1–4:6 C.Third sermon: judgment and exile for the stubborn nation, 5:1–30 D.Fourth sermon: the prophet cleansed and commissioned by God, 6:1– 13 II. Volume of Immanuel, 7:1–12:6 A.First sermon: rejection of Immanuel by worldly wisdom, 7:1–25 B.Second sermon: speedy deliverance foreshadowing the coming Deliverer, 8:1–9:7 C.Third sermon: inexorable doom of exile for proud Samaria, 9:8–10:4 D.Fourth sermon: the future downfall of the false empire (Assyria); the glorious empire to come, 10:5–12:6 Background Information

20 Outline 20 III. God’s judgment—burdens upon the nations, 13:1–23:18 A.Babylon, 13:1–14:27 B.Philistia, 14:28–32 C.Moab, 15:1–16:14 D.Damascus and Samaria, 17:1–14 E.Ethiopia, 18:1–7 F.Egypt, 19:1–20:6 G.Babylon, second burden, 21:1–10 H.Edom, 21:11–12 I.Arabia, 21:13–17 J.Jerusalem, 22:1–25 K.Tyre, 23:1–18 Background Information

21 Outline 21 IV. First volume of general judgment and promise, 24:1–27:13 A.First sermon: universal judgment for universal sin, 24:1–23 B.Second sermon: praise to the Lord as Deliverer, Victor, and Comforter, 25:1–12 C.Third sermon: a song of rejoicing in Judah’s consolation, 26:1–21 D.Fourth sermon: punishment for oppressors and preservation in store for God’s people, 27:1–13 V. Volume of woes upon the unbelievers of Israel, 28:1–33:24 A.First sermon: God’s dealings with drunkards and scoffers in Israel, 28:1– 29 B.Second sermon: judgment upon blind souls who try to deceive God, 29:1–24 C.Third sermon: confidence in man versus confidence in God, 30:1–33 D.Fourth sermon: deliverance through God’s gracious intervention, 31:1– 32:20 E.Fifth sermon: punishment of treacherous deceivers and the triumph of Christ, 33:1–24 Background Information

22 Outline 22 VI. Second volume of general judgment and promise, 34:1–35:10 A.First sermon: destruction of the Gentile world power, 34:1–17 B.Second sermon: the ultimate bliss of God’s redeemed on the highway of holiness, 35:10 VII. Volume of Hezekiah, 36:1–39:8 A.Destruction of Judah by Assyria averted, 36:1–37:38 B.Destruction of Judah’s king averted, 38:1–22 C.Judgment upon the king’s pride in his earthly treasures; Babylonian captivity predicted, 39:1–8 VIII. Volume of comfort, 40:1–66:24 A.Purpose of peace, 40:1–48:22 1. Majesty of Jehovah the Comforter and Sovereign Deliverer of Israel, 40:1–31 2. Challenge of the God of providence to worldly minded unbelievers, 41:1–29 3. Servant of Jehovah, individual and national, 42:1–25 Background Information

23 Outline Redemption by grace, 43:1–44:5 (deliverance through Cyrus) 5. Dead idols or the living God? (44:6–23) 6. The sovereign God employing Cyrus as deliverer and the ultimate conversion of converting the heathen, 44:24–45:25 7. Lessons to be learned from Babylon’s downfall and Israel’s preservation, 46:1–47:15 8. Judgment upon faithless, hypocritical Israel, 48:1–22 B.Prince of peace, 49:1–57:21 1. Messiah to bring restoration to Israel and light to Gentiles, 49:1–26 2. Sinfulness of Israel contrasted with the obedience of the Servant, 50:1–11 3. Encouragement to trust in God alone, not fearing men, 51:1–16 4. Summons to Israel to awake and return to God’s favor, 51:17– 52:12 Background Information

24 Outline 24 5.Divine Servant to triumph through vicarious suffering, 52:13–53:12 6.Consequent blessing to Israel and the Church, 54:1–17 7.Grace for all sinners who trust in Christ, 55:1–13 8.Inclusion of Gentiles in the blessing of Israel, 56:1–8 9.Condemnation of the wicked rulers of Israel, 56:9–57:21 C.Program of peace, 58:1–66:24 1.Contrast between false and true worship, 58:1–14 2.Confession of Israel’s depravity, leading to deliverance by God’s intervention, 59:1–21 3.Glorious prosperity and peace of the redeemed, 60:1–22 4.The Spirit-filled Christ by whom the kingdom comes, 61:1–11 5.Zion to be restored and glorified, 62:1–63:6 6.God’s former mercies to cause Israel to plead for deliverance, 63:7– 64:12 7.God’s mercy for spiritual Israel alone, 65:1–25 8.Externalism in worship to be replaced by heart sincerity, 66:1–24 Gleason Archer Jr., A Survey of Old Testament Introduction (3rd. ed.; Chicago: Moody Press, 1994), Background Information

25 25 Background Information

26 26 Background Information

27 Lesson1: November 3, 2013

28 Chapters I. First sermon: rebellion confronted with judgment and grace (1:1-31) A. God’s children have revolted against Him (1:2, 4) 1. Outward-only religion (1:13) 2. Reprobate living (1:21-23) B. Judgment - 1. Now (1:5-9) and 2. Later (1:24-25) C. Grace in the midst of all 1. Judah spared from annihilation already (1:9) 2. Future restoration (1:26-27) Lesson 1

29 Chapters II. Second sermon: present chastisement for future glory (2:1-4:6) A. God’s judgment on Jerusalem and Judah (3:1-4:1) 1. Rebellion against God in speech and deed (3:8) 2. Inappropriate conduct of the women (3:16-23) B. Zion’s glorious future (4:2-6) 1. Jesus Christ reigning on the earth (4:2) 2. Only the righteous will remain (4:3) 3. God will supernaturally care for all (4:4-6) Lesson 1

30 Chapters III. Third sermon: judgment and exile for the stubborn nation (5:1-30) A. Six woes pronounced (5:8-23) B. God shall continue to stretch out His hand in judgment (5:24-25) C. God shall bring a distant nation to carry Judah into exile (5:26-30) Lesson 1

31 Isaiah Cleansed (6:1-7) 31 I. Isaiah’s vision of God (6:1) II. Seraphim (6:2-3) III. The effect of God’s holiness on: A. the material world (6:4) B. humans (6:5) IV. God’s gracious response (6:6-7) Lesson 1

32 Isaiah Commissioned (6:8-13) 32 I. God’s cleansing prepares for ministry (6:8) II. The commission (6:9-13) A. Go (6:9) B. Tell (6:9) C. Go & Tell what? (6:9-13) 1. The people’s hardness of heart is of the Lord (6:9-10) 2. God won’t relent until His discipline is fulfilled (6:11-12) 3. A holy remnant will remain and be subject to further judgment (6:13) Lesson 1

33 33 The illustration from nature, however, introduces an element of hope. God has so ordered the plant kingdom that almost total destruction does not always extinguish life. He has a continuing purpose of life for the remnant of his people... The word “seed” in this verse suggests a possible link with the promise given to Abraham that his seed would continue and be blessed by God (Gen 17:18; cf. Isa 51:2). The concept of the seed may take its place with “branch” and “servant” as subject to significant development within the Book of Isaiah.... How astounding that God should use the word “holy” (q ō deš) of the remnant of his people when it has been used already in v.3 in relation to his own transcendent being! This is condescending grace indeed! Geoffrey W. Grogan, Isaiah, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, The Expositors Bible Commentary: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1986), 58.

34 Isaiah Confronted Ahaz (Isaiah 7)Ahaz (Isaiah 7) Lesson 2: November 10, 2013

35 Ahaz’s Decision 35 I. The start of the Syro-Ephraimite War (7:1-2) II. The Lord’s counsel to Ahaz through Isaiah (7:3-9) A. Promise: Their threats shall not come to pass (7:7) B. Warning: If you don’t follow Me, you’re a goner (7:9) III. God defers to Ahaz for a sign! (7:10-16) A. Only God could be so gracious and patient (7:10-12) B. Isaiah goes off on Ahaz (7:13) C. God’s sign of Immanuel (7:14-25) Lesson 2

36 Hezekiah, Judah’sHezekiah, Judah’s Faithful King Faithful King (2 Kings 18-20;(2 Kings 18-20; Isa 36-39) Isa 36-39) Lesson 3: November 17, 2013

37 Hezekiah’s Decision 37 I. Who should Hezekiah follow? II. Hezekiah’s choice brought revival to Judah A. High places removed (2 Ki 18:4) B. Sacred pillars broke down (2 Ki 18:4) C. Asherah cut down (2 Ki 18:4) D. Bronze serpent of Moses smashed (2 Ki 18:4) E. Kept God’s commandments (2 Ki 18:6) III. Hezekiah’s choice brought victory to Judah A. Shook off the chains of Assyria (2 Ki 18:7) B. Defeated the Philistines (2 Ki 18:8) Lesson 3

38 Hezekiah’s Dilemma 38 I. Assyrian anger at his rebellion (2 Ki 18:13-16) A. All of Judah’s fortified cities conquered (2 Ki 18:13) B. Loss of face (2 Ki 18:14) C. Crushing tribute to Assyria (2 Ki 18:14-16) II. Sennacherib wants more (2 Ki 18:17-37) A. Hezekiah’s alliance with Egypt failed (2 Ki 18:20-21) B. Assyria claims the backing of God (2 Ki 18:22-25) C. Assyria had defeated the gods of the other nations (2 Ki 18:26-37) Lesson 3

39 Hezekiah’s Despair 39 I. Hezekiah comes to terms with his folly of trusting Egypt instead of God for protection (2 Ki 19:1-5). II. Isaiah’s counsel: trust the Lord (2 Ki 19:6-7) III. Sennacherib sends a letter to Hezekiah saying God’s no match for him (2 Ki 19:8-13). Lesson 3

40 Hezekiah’s Deliverance 40 I. Hezekiah takes Sennacherib’s letter to the Temple and prays (2 Ki 19:14). II. God’s response to Hezekiah: “Yes.” (2 Ki 19:20) III. God’s response to Sennacherib: “I wouldn’t want to be you.” (2 Ki 19:21-28). IV. The angel of the Lord slays 185,000 Assyrian soldiers in one night (2 Ki 19:35). V. Sennacherib goes home only to be assassinated by two of his sons (2 Ki 19:36-37). Lesson 3

41 Hezekiah’s Debilitation 41 I. Chronologically, Hezekiah’s illness (2 Ki 20:1-11) took place long before the invasion of Sennacherib. II. His illness could have been at the hands of the Lord for disobedience (2 Ki 20:1). III. God demonstrates His compassion for those who earnestly seek Him (2 Ki 20:2-6). IV. Again, God allows a man to choose a sign by which His word may be verified (2 Ki 20:7-11). Lesson 3

42 Hezekiah’s Debacle 42 I. Merodach-baladan of Babylon sent kudos to Hezekiah on his recovery. (2 Ki 20:12) II. Perhaps feeling his oats, Hezekiah shows off all the treasures of the kingdom (2 Ki 20:13-18). III. Hezekiah’s response (2 Ki 20:19). Lesson 3

43 Isaiah Preached About the Messiah (Isaiah 53)(Isaiah 53) Lesson 4: November 24, 2013

44 God’s Servant 44 I. The actual textual unit is Isa 52:13-53:12 II. This textual unit is the fourth of four Servant Songs in Isaiah. (also 42:1–4; 49:1–6; 50:4–9) III. Who is the Servant of the Lord? IV. What did the Servant do? (Handout) V. What should we, as teachers, do with this lesson? Lesson 4


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