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ACTIVE SHOOTER SCHOOL TRAINING 2014 Fog of Terror Chaos Fear.

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Presentation on theme: "ACTIVE SHOOTER SCHOOL TRAINING 2014 Fog of Terror Chaos Fear."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 ACTIVE SHOOTER SCHOOL TRAINING 2014

3 Fog of Terror Chaos Fear

4 Our goal is to share information with those that could find themselves in one of these critical events and provide training for an “active shooter” incident and a frame of reference.

5 Presentation Outline Case Studies Situational Awareness Mind-set of an Active Shooter Run, Hide & Fight Law Enforcement Response

6 Columbine High School 1 Teacher Murdered 12 Students Murdered 20 Students Injured Characteristics of Shooters During Incident Deliberate Robotic No Fear

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9 Jared Cano Friend tipped police active shooter plan Cano expelled Fantasized killing more than Virgina Tech/Columbine/Norway Summer Camp 2011 Planned to commit suicide Cano video taped his plans prior to his arrest

10 Newtown, CTDecember 14, 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School Adam Lanza – 20 years old Killed Mother Semi-auto AR-15 Assault Rifle 2 hand guns 28 dead including 20 children Suicide Loner Loner Asperger Syndrome Asperger Syndrome Spent most of time on a computer playing violent video games Spent most of time on a computer playing violent video games Quiet to a depth which could not be penetrated Quiet to a depth which could not be penetrated

11 Waseca Junior/Senior High School Minnesota 2013 The Plan Kill family Kill family Diversionary fire in rural area to distract first responders Diversionary fire in rural area to distract first responders Violent plans in 180 page notebook filled with notes on school shootings and massacres Violent plans in 180 page notebook filled with notes on school shootings and massacres Critiqued other school events Promised a bigger shooting event Critiqued other school events Promised a bigger shooting event Practiced setting off bombs at a nearby playground Practiced setting off bombs at a nearby playground Neighbor tipped police after seeing Ladue entering storage unit filled with supplies Neighbor tipped police after seeing Ladue entering storage unit filled with supplies The Goal “Take out as many students he could”

12 The Clock is Ticking…. 5 Year Study of 65 Events: 5 Year Study of 65 Events: Someone dies every 15 seconds Someone dies every 15 seconds Typical event is over in 3 to 4 minutes Typical event is over in 3 to 4 minutes Police response is 5 to 7 minutes Police response is 5 to 7 minutes

13 FRAME OF REFERENCE You have a frame of reference when; You have Thoughts, Feelings about an issue You have Thoughts, Feelings about an issue You have a strong frame of reference when: You have personal experiences with an issue It is difficult to have a Frame of Reference about an issue if : Have no feelings about itHave no feelings about it You have no personal experience (behavioral) with itYou have no personal experience (behavioral) with it You have never thought about itYou have never thought about it DO NOT BELIEVE IT COULD EVER HAPPEN TO YOUDO NOT BELIEVE IT COULD EVER HAPPEN TO YOU

14 GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ACTIVE SHOOTER They “told” some one They “told” some one Shooting is planned Shooting is planned Motive is revenge- “make it fair” Motive is revenge- “make it fair” History of depression History of depression 78% suicidal at time of shooting 78% suicidal at time of shooting Student was “different” Student was “different” Acting out their emotional needs Acting out their emotional needs

15 LIFE EXPERIENCES OF AN ACTIVE SHOOTER (CASE STUDIES) Abused and or felt abused Abused and or felt abused Socially isolated Socially isolated Socially anxious Socially anxious Aggressive as children Aggressive as children Chronically depressed Chronically depressed “Odd kids” have few friends if any “Odd kids” have few friends if any “Odd kids” are teased “Odd kids” are teased “Odd kids” try their parents’ patience and love “Odd kids” try their parents’ patience and love

16 Threats Threats Allusions to violence Allusions to violence Excessive or intimidating reference to mass murder or shooting sprees, real or fiction Excessive or intimidating reference to mass murder or shooting sprees, real or fiction Intimidating weapon comments Intimidating weapon comments Depression or suicidal thoughts Depression or suicidal thoughts Paranoia Paranoia Repeatedly accusing other people of causing one’s problems Repeatedly accusing other people of causing one’s problems Unreasonable complaints Unreasonable complaints LIFE EXPERIENCES OF AN ACTIVE SHOOTER (CASE STUDIES) CONT..

17 With their guns they are acting out EMOTIONAL NEEDS To be heard/seen To be heard/seen To be recognized To be recognized To be seen as powerful To be seen as powerful To have their unbelievable pain and rage acknowledged To have their unbelievable pain and rage acknowledged

18 BIOLOGY NORMAL BRAIN ACTIVITY- Proactive Killers-kill to achieve a thought out goal–ie robbery NORMAL BRAIN ACTIVITY- Proactive Killers-kill to achieve a thought out goal–ie robbery ABNORMAL BRAIN ACTIVITY- Reactive Killers-kill in response to real or imagined- insults-ie school shooters ABNORMAL BRAIN ACTIVITY- Reactive Killers-kill in response to real or imagined- insults-ie school shooters

19 ..\..\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Kodak Pictures\ \102_0446.jpg..\..\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Kodak Pictures\ \102_0446.jpg..\..\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Kodak Pictures\ \102_0446.jpg..\..\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Kodak Pictures\ \102_0446.jpg REACTIVE KILLERS Low prefrontal activity High limbic activity High cingulate gyrus activity Aggressive- Obsessive- No empathy- BIOLOGY

20 MIDDLE SCHOOL vs HIGH SCHOOL Middle School shooters: are usually alive when first responders arrive Middle School shooters: are usually alive when first responders arrive High School/College shooters: are usually not alive when first responders arrive High School/College shooters: are usually not alive when first responders arrive

21 What you can expect of yourself 1. Hyperventilation 1. Hyperventilation 2. Accelerated Heart Rate 2. Accelerated Heart Rate 3. Adrenaline Rush 3. Adrenaline Rush 4. Loss of Peripheral Vision 4. Loss of Peripheral Vision 5. Diminished hearing 5. Diminished hearing

22 Three Phases of Our Mental Disaster Response Three Phases of Our Mental Disaster Response Denial Denial Deliberation Deliberation Decisive Moment Decisive Moment This Can’t Be Happening

23 Denial…Underestimating the severity Denial is delaying action Denial is delaying action Delaying action costs time Delaying action costs time Delaying action can cost lives Delaying action can cost lives

24 Denial and Social Proof Diffusion of Responsibility In ambiguous situations we look at others for cues on how to act In ambiguous situations we look at others for cues on how to act If they do nothing, you will do nothing If they act, you will act

25 Deliberation We made it past Denial We made it past Denial Now decide what to do…. Now decide what to do…. Fear enters the equation Fear enters the equation Brain not working well Brain not working well

26 Deliberation Stress Side Effects Stress Side Effects Ability to think is seriously impaired Ability to think is seriously impaired Vision narrows Vision narrows Time distortion Time distortion Auditory exclusion Auditory exclusion Fine motor skills deteriorate Fine motor skills deteriorate

27 Programming Responses Think through events before a disaster Think through events before a disaster Plan your response Plan your response Practice your response Practice your response “The best way to get the brain to perform under extreme stress is to repeatedly run it through rehearsals beforehand…”

28 Decisive Moment Denied Denied Deliberated Deliberated Time to ACT! Time to ACT! Be Prepared Be Prepared “The one thing you don’t ever want to do is have to think in a disaster”….9/11 Survivor

29 RUN HIDE HIDE FIGHT FIGHT

30 RUN! Always Be Aware Always Be Aware Know Escape Routes Know Escape Routes Exits Windows Decide to Leave at First Opportunity and Report Decide to Leave at First Opportunity and Report Go into Lockdown Mode Go into Lockdown Mode

31 LOCK! Lock Doors Lock Doors Barricade access points Barricade access points Door stops Door stops Furniture Furniture Rope doors closed Rope doors closed Cover windows Cover windows Darken room Darken room Go into Run mode again Go into Run mode again

32 Lockdown Considerations Barricading doors: Barricading doors: Outward opening Outward opening Eye bolts Eye bolts Rope Rope Inward opening Inward opening Furniture Furniture Kick bars Kick bars Door stops Door stops

33 FIGHT! ! Have a survivor’s (not a victim’s) mindset Have a survivor’s (not a victim’s) mindset Decide right now that your are going to do whatever it takes to survive Decide right now that your are going to do whatever it takes to survive Getting shot does not mean that you are dead Getting shot does not mean that you are dead You can and must keep going! You can and must keep going!

34 Law Enforcement The older tactics used were to contain the suspect and wait for tactical teams to arrive to make entry. Today, rapid deployment by all law enforcement personnel should be used to minimize harm to innocent persons.

35 Law Enforcement Assessment Activity Activity On-going violence (active shooter) On-going violence (active shooter) Placing or detonating explosives designed to cause injury Placing or detonating explosives designed to cause injury Number of Suspects involved Number of Suspects involved Increased potential for mass casualties Increased potential for mass casualties

36 Immediate Action / Rapid Deployment Rapid Deployment Objectives: 1. Save lives 2. Locate the threat 3. Neutralize the threat 4. Remove the threat 5. Contain the threat

37 HOSTAGE RESCUE If suspect alone Treat as barricaded gunman Contain Prevent ability to move negotiation If suspect with hostages ContainNegotiations Law Enforcement concealment, close enough to enter area If suspect begins to endanger hostages –SWAT Members will immediately intervene-Glass breaking, explosions, bright lights, smoke – speed, shock, surprise Hostage Compliance

38 J.P. Coroner Office Teen Life Counts 2013/2014 School Year 2,963 Students Interviewed 462 Referrals DepressionAnxietyCuttingBurningSuicidal Self Referral Peer Referral

39 School System Pro-Active Approach Communicate with students encouraging reporting of suspicious activity Communicate with students encouraging reporting of suspicious activity Use technology to create a mechanism indicators of potentially violent behavior and sending alerts about incidents Use technology to create a mechanism indicators of potentially violent behavior and sending alerts about incidents Policy to immediately report suspicious persons on campus grounds especially anyone scaling fences Policy to immediately report suspicious persons on campus grounds especially anyone scaling fences Automated notification system if an event develops Automated notification system if an event develops Plans for the arrival of law enforcement Plans for the arrival of law enforcement Open lines of communication with students family Open lines of communication with students family

40 Department of Justice-Strategic Approach Post-event evidence identified that changes in the subjects’ behavior were not effectively communicate in ways that could have prevented tragedies. Post-event evidence identified that changes in the subjects’ behavior were not effectively communicate in ways that could have prevented tragedies. Many recent events have involved offenders who were knows to have mental health problems. Mental health problems are contributing factors to the violence Many recent events have involved offenders who were knows to have mental health problems. Mental health problems are contributing factors to the violence Natural order of family unit is to protect and care for its members; however the family has the potential to serve as first source of identifying problems Natural order of family unit is to protect and care for its members; however the family has the potential to serve as first source of identifying problems Cultural shift-reporting abnormal behavior is in best interest of society – a civic responsibility - Cultural shift-reporting abnormal behavior is in best interest of society – a civic responsibility -

41 Final Thought IN AN ACTIVE SHOOTER INCIDENT, IT IS TEAMWORK AND PREPARATION, WHICH WILL PROTECT INNOCENT PERSONS AND SAVE LIVES.


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