Presentation on theme: "An introduction to R& J: The Style of Shakespeare"— Presentation transcript:
1An introduction to R& J: The Style of Shakespeare
2First, in your journals: - What I know about Shakespeare and his works, what I like and dislike about him and his works, and general reactions.
3Fun Fact: He was the master of “Your momma’s so ______” insults
4If you don’t like him, he might say: "You should be women and yet your beards forbid me to interpret that you are so.“- Macbeth"Methinks thou art a general offence, and every man should beat thee. I think thou wast created for men to breathe themselves upon you.“- All’s Well that Ends Well
5"I must tell you friendly in your ear, sell when you can, you are not for all markets." - As You Like It"Thou art a base, proud, shallow, beggarly, three-suited, hundred-pound, filthy worsted-stocking knave; a lily-liver'd, action-taking, whoreson, glass-gazing, superserviceable, finical rogue; one-trunk-inheriting slave; one that wouldst be a bawd in way“- King Lear
6"I'll beat thee, but I should infect my hands.“ - Timon of Athens"Thou art a boil, a plague sore, an embossed carbuncle in my corrupted blood.“- King Lear“Foot-Licker”- The Tempest(If time allows): (will provide copies)
8Fun Fact: He didn’t bother trying to find a word by right clicking while typing: rather, he would just make up words and phrases for what he meant to say
9The man made up hundreds of words: Advertising (n) luggage (n) Circumstantial (adj) misquote (v) Cold-blooded (adj) numb (adj) Drug (v) outbreak (n) Embrace (n) partner (n) Employer (n) premeditation (adj) Epileptic (adj) retirement (n) Fashionable (adj) rival (adj) Glow (v) traditional (adj) Gossip (v) zany (adj)
10Phrases Shakespeare is credited with creating: (These are just a select few) “an eye-sore” “ay, there’s the rub” “For goodness sake” “green-eyed monster” “I have not slept a wink” “well-behaved” “Good Riddance” “shooting star” “Into thin air” “puppy dog” “Love is blind” “It was Greek to me”
11But, why does he sound so weird? Many words have shifted meaning since Shakespeare’s day, or have fallen out of use
12What helps me is to consider slang over the last 30 years: Skinney, Bogue’, Bootin, Lay a Gasser’, Phony, The Man, You Know, bunny, The Flip-side, backatcha, bad, bogard,Bogus, Dude, Whatever, Gnarly, Hot, Bodacious, Rad, Excellent, Party-on, Ace, Amped, B.F.F., Barf me out, Bomb, Book, Boss, Buggin’, CD, Diesel, Face, Grindage, Juiced, Legit, Mega, Narc, Noid, Sick, Spanger, WaverSup, bama, beans, brutal, bunk, buzz, chillin’, crib, crunk, Fats, Home Skillet, Jack you up, Larey, Morph, Nce1, Not!, OMG, Phat, Dude, Buzz, Bull, Boo, Shotgun, Yo, Jump the Shark, Nuke the Fridge
13Letters, syllables, or whole words were sometimes omitted. Examples: 'tis: it is o'er: over ne'er: nevere'er / ere: ever oft: often e'en: evenWord order was more flexible. Example:I ate the sandwich. I the sandwich ate. Ate the sandwich I.Ate I the sandwich. The sandwich I ate. The sandwich ate I.
14Shakespeare wrote dramatic poetry most of the time, but sometimes included prose Poetry was mostly in blank verse (unrhymed lines of iambicpentametre)Poetry was sometimes in rhyming couplets, sonnet form, etc.Poetry usually used for passages of high feeling and increased intensityProse often used for wit and play, or lower-status characters
15Some Quick Comprehension Tips: Thou vs. YouThou = an informal address to one's friends or social inferiorsYou = a formal address to strangers and social superiorsForsooth = No kiddingMarry!, By my faith = WowAlack, Alackaday, Alas, Fie, Out upon it! = Darn it!God's wounds, S'wounds, Zounds = swearingPrating = Babbling, talking too muchPerchance = MaybeForswear = To lie or cheatBetimes = Very early in the morning
16Fun Fact: Shakespeare never intended for his works to be studied…but rather, experienced and viewed in the theater (Think of him as the Michael Bay of his time, and that his plays are the Transformers of the time)
17Fun Fact: Shakespeare is still read and studied and beloved by just about everyone in the theater world because his work is timeless. In 400 years, what, if any of the popular works of today will still be studied (Hint: Gremlins will, but I’m not sure about anything else)
20Fun fact: the director of the new Avengers movie, Joss Whedon, the creator of Buffy the Vampire Hunter, is putting the final touches on his next film: a modernized version of Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing
21A quick R & J refresher:For those of you who missed the play, fell asleep during it or have just completely forgotten it:
22Well, to understand Shakespeare (or, any play), you must understand a couple of key terms/concept
23The Elements of (Shakespearean) Drama Terminology Guide
24Dialogue Definition: A conversation between two or more people. Examples in “R&J”: See almost any scene
25Monologue Definition: A long speech made by one person. Examples in “R&J”: (See the Prince’s speech in the first scene)
26SoliloquyDefinition: a speech in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener.Example: The Friar as he works in his garden.
27AsideDefinition: A piece of dialogue intended for the audience (or one other character in the form of a “whisper” and supposedly not heard by the other actors on stage)Example: Sampson and Gregory in the opening scene both have “asides”
28SubtextDefinition: a message which is not stated directly but can be inferredExample: Juliet not wanting to get married…
29Pun (so important, it appears twice on the guide) Definition: A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different wordsExamples:a) “My attempt at starting a street market turned out to be fruitile.”b) " ..You have dancing shoes With nimble soles. I have a soul of lead" (I.iv.15-16)
30AlliterationDefinition: The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of wordsExample: Peter, Peter,Pumpkin Eater, had a wife…
31OxymoronDefinition: figure of speech in which contradictory or opposite words or concepts are combined for effectExample: Jumbo Shrimp; Only Choice; Freezer Burn; In class homework; Unbiased Opinion
32Paradox (Wait, is this term also so important that it merits two spots on the guide?) Definition: A seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be trueExample:Act 2, Scene 3, Line 198."Yet I shall kill thee with much cherishing. Goodnight, goodnight. Parting is such sweet sorrow that I shall say goodnight till it be morrow."
33AllusionDefinition: a passing referenceExample: “Queen Mab” in “R&J”
34Comic ReliefDefinition: A humorous interlude in a serious literary work or drama, especially a tragedy, intended to relieve the dramatic tension or heighten the emotional impact by means of contrastExample: See Mercutio
35MalapropismDefinition: the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similarExamplesDad says the monster is just a pigment of my imagination.Good punctuation means not to be late.
36FoilDefinition: A foil is a character who serves as a contrast to another perhaps more primary character, so as to point out specific traits of the primary character.Examples: Well…what do you think?
37TragedyDefinition:Simply put, it is a drama with an unhappy ending…of course, that minimizes what it actually is…
38Catharsis Hubris Tragic fault/flaw of pride Emotional release after a tragic event.
40BibliographyBest, Michael. Shakespeare's Life and Times. Internet Shakespeare Editions, University ofVictoria: Victoria, BC, <http://ise.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/>.Dunton-Downer, Leslie, and Alan Riding. Essential Shakespeare Handbook. New York, NY: DK Pub., Print.Hill, Wayne F., and Cynthia J. Ottchen. Shakespeare's Insults: Educating Your Wit. New York: Three Rivers, PrintKamen, Vittoria. "Need A Good Insult? Ask The Bard." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 17 July Web. 29 Apr <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/17/shakespeare-insults_n_ html>."The Language of Shakespeare." Shakespeare Resource Center -. Web. 29 Apr <http://www.bardweb.net/language.html>.0007DD63/RJ_DOC/REGULAR10/RJ_Shakespearen%20Language%20with%20worksheet.pdf?FCItemID=S0 72C9956Images and Youtube Clips to be added soon!