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Academic World Quest 2013. We wish to thank the staff of the Henry A. Wallace Center at the FDR Presidential Library and Home for their generous assistance.

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Presentation on theme: "Academic World Quest 2013. We wish to thank the staff of the Henry A. Wallace Center at the FDR Presidential Library and Home for their generous assistance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Academic World Quest 2013

2 We wish to thank the staff of the Henry A. Wallace Center at the FDR Presidential Library and Home for their generous assistance and historic setting.

3 Special thanks to IBM and the Handel Foundation for their generous contributions toward making the Academic World Quest 2013 possible.

4 Academic World Quest Committee Rita Alterman Martin Charwat Joe Lombardi Karen Nichols Christopher Wieda

5 Judges Seemi Ahmad Martin Charwat Joe Lombardi Special Thanks to: Seemi Ahmad, and Sev and Betty Oaktay for their kind assistance

6 Participating High Schools Arlington High School Cornwall High School Kingston High School Oakwood Friends School Poughkeepsie Day School Roy C Ketcham High School Spackenkill High School Washingtonville High School

7 Any team found with any means of assistance other than brain power will be DISQUALIFIED. PLEASE TURN OFF YOUR CELLULAR PHONES AND REMOVE ANY HAND-HELD DEVICES. The only items on your table should be the answer sheets and the pad and pencil supplied by the committee.

8 Current Events Round 1

9 1. In early January, 2013, France sent troops and aircraft to defend the Government of which African country that is under threat from Islamic militants? A.Malawi B.Chad C.Senegal D.Mali

10 2. Recently the United Nations estimated that no fewer than ______people, mostly civilians, had been killed in the ongoing civil war in Syria. A.30,000 B.45,000 C.60,000 D.75,000

11 3. The inauguration of Venezuela’s newly elected President, Hugo Chavez, was delayed because A.Of demonstrations by supporters of the opposition B.He is recuperating from an infection following surgery C.He is facing criminal charges involving corruption D.The legality of his election had not been decided by the Supreme Court

12 4. Regarding the news about China & Japan, which of the following statements is INCORRECT? A.Xi Jinping is the new president of China B.Shinzo Abe was recently elected prime minister of Japan C.There is conflict between China & Japan over oil deposits in the Celebes Sea D.Both countries claim to own tiny islands in the East China Sea

13 5. Complete the following sentence. America's debt has reached A.$ 8 trillion B.$11 trillion C.$13 trillion D.$16 trillion

14 6. Which leader is INCORRECTLY paired with her/his country? A.Stephen Harper ----Canada B.Christina Fernandez ----Brazil C.Julia Gillard --- Australia D.Muhammad Morsi --- Egypt

15 7. Three of the following countries have received bail-outs from the European Union, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank recently. Which of the listed countries DID NOT? A.Italy B.Greece C.Ireland D.Portugal

16 8. British Prime Minister David Cameron recently announced a referendum to be placed before the British people by 2017, assuming that he is still the prime minister. The 'yes' or 'no' vote will be on whether Britain should A.Adopt the euro as its currency B.Remain in the European Union C.Grant independence to Scotland D.Withdraw from NATO

17 9. Russian President Vladimir Putin recently signed into law a measure that bans the adoption of Russian children by U.S. families. The move is widely seen as retaliation for A.A law that U.S. President Obama signed that would impose life imprisonment on Russian citizens caught spying in the U.S. B.The U.S. government’s position on the Syrian conflict C.A law that U.S. President Obama signed that imposes U.S. travel and financial restrictions on human rights abusers in Russia D.News stories in the U.S. media that depict widespread abuse of children in Russian orphanages

18 Education Round 2

19 1. According to Engage to Excel: Producing One Million Additional College Graduates with Degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), three-quarters of the 1 million additional STEM degree recipients that are needed could be generated over the next decade if the retention rate of students who enter STEM majors were increased from A.10% to 20% B.20% to 60% C.40% to 50% D.50% to 60%

20 2. According to STEM Education: Preparing for the Jobs of the Future, the share of students graduating with STEM degrees has: A.Declined B. Stayed the Same C. Increased Slightly D. Increased Significantly

21 3. In STEM education, international comparisons of U.S. students with those in other developed countries place U.S. students A.In the top third of the field. B.In the middle of the pack or lower C.Improving, especially among women and minorities D. At the very bottom of the pack

22 4. A 2009 OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) report ranked U.S. 15 year olds _______ in mathematics among OECD countries. A.12 th B.25 th C.31 st D.45 th

23 5. According to STEM Education: Preparing for the Jobs of the Future, what country produces the greatest number of STEM degree recipients among OECD countries? A.Germany B.Japan C.United States D.South Korea

24 6. According to STEM Education: Preparing for the Jobs of the Future, what was the U.S. rank among OECD countries, regarding the following measure: “STEM Graduates as a Share of All Bachelor's Degree Equivalent Graduates”? A.7 th B.17 th C.27 th D.34 th

25 7. According to Everything You Need to Know: Waivers, Flexibility, and Reforming No Child Left Behind, which of the following WAS NOT one of the serious flaws in the No Child Left Behind law? A.It set goals and held schools accountable for meeting them B.It determined whether schools were falling behind based on test scores C.It established federal mandates for fixing failing schools D.It led states to focus on teaching to the test

26 8. According to Educate to Innovate, five major public-private partnerships were established to improve education in the U.S. Which of the following actions did they undertake? A.Created the “STEM Institutional Transformation Awards” grant program. B.Sponsored the Department of Education summer STEM learning program. C.Supported a national experiment in mathematics education. D.Used media, interactive games, hands-on-learning, and community volunteers to encourage students to be the next generation of inventors and innovators.

27 9. According to Engage to Excel, why is it important to replace traditional laboratory courses with discovery- based research courses? A.Traditional laboratory courses do not encourage partnerships among students B.Students find traditional laboratory courses difficult C.Traditional laboratory courses often involve repeating classical experiments to reproduce known results D.None of the above

28 U.S. Energy Policy Round 3

29 1. According to the U.S. Energy Information Agency, the single largest source of U.S. energy in 2011 was derived from? A.Coal B.Natural gas C.Petroleum D.Nuclear power

30 2. According to the U.S. Energy Information Agency, renewable energy supplied 9% of U.S. energy consumed in 2011. Which of the following produced the largest amount within this sector? A.Wind B.Solar C.Hydropower D.Geothermal

31 3. For each unit of energy produced, natural gas emits less carbon dioxide than coal. Natural Gas emits _____ percent less carbon dioxide than coal? A.20% B.35% C.50% D.75%

32 4. Recycling saves energy in producing new products. Using recycled aluminum to make new aluminum cans uses how much less energy compared to making new cans from bauxite ore? A.55% B.70% C.90% D.95%

33 5. The sector of the U.S. economy that consumed the largest amount of energy in 2011 was: A.Industrial B.Transportation C.Residential D.Commercial

34 6. What percentage of the World’s energy is consumed by the U.S.? A.5% B.10% C.15% D.20%

35 7. According to Who’s Winning the Clean Energy Race, since 1978 total energy use per person in the U.S. has A.Remained the same B.Decreased Modestly C.Decreased substantially D.Increased

36 8. According to Who’s Winning the Clean Energy Race, which European country now obtains more energy from renewable sources than it does from nuclear power, coal or natural gas? A.Germany B.France C.The United Kingdom D.Spain

37 9. The Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future was formed by the U.S. Secretary of Energy at the request of President Obama to address which of the following? A.The safety of our nation’s nuclear power plants B.Reviewing policies for managing the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle C.The issue of terrorism as it relates to nuclear power D.All of the above

38 US Economic Competitiveness Round 4

39 1. According to the 2011-2012 Global Competitiveness Report, all but one of its 12 pillars of competitiveness “eventually seem to run into diminishing returns.” According to the report, which pillar of competitiveness is the only one capable of enhancing standards of living in the long run? A.Infrastructure B.Technological Readiness C.Human Capital D.Innovation

40 2. In the 2011-2012 Global Competitiveness Report, the United States was ranked 5th in overall competitiveness. Which of the following WAS NOT among the four countries ranked ahead of the US? A.Germany B.Singapore C.Switzerland D.Finland

41 3. According to U.S Corporate Tax Reform, the U.S. has a higher statutory tax rate compared to other countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). How does its average effective tax rate compare? A.About the same B.The U.S. has a lower rate C.The U.S. has a higher rate D.None of the above

42 4. According to U.S Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital, net job creation by startups has been A.Higher than established firms in all years since 1977 B.Lower than establish firms since 1977 C.Higher than established firms since 1977, except during recessions D.Lower than established firms, except during recessions

43 5. According to U.S Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital, critics of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (JOBS Act) are concerned that the legislation will A.Cost too much to implement B.Increase regulations on small business, and thereby reduce incentives to invest C.Have a negligible effect on job growth D.Harm investors and encourage fraud and abuse

44 6. According to the Council on Foreign Relations the Dodd-Frank Act, which of the following provisions IS NOT included in the act? A.Volcker Rule B.Orderly Liquidation Authority C.Consumer Financial Protection Bureau D.Financial Stability Fund

45 7. According to the Council on Foreign Relations the Dodd-Frank Act, one of the main criticisms of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is that A.It will destroy the ability of the banks to hedge risks B.It will have unprecedented authority without any checks on its power C.It will do little to limit the growth of banks D.It will reduce consumers’ access to capital

46 8. According to the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, Testimony of Hilda Solis, U.S. Secretary of Labor, what is the estimate for the number of U.S. workers killed on the job in 2012? A.4,500 B.14,000 C.40,000 D.140,000

47 9. According to Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future, what is the estimated return on investment for publicly funded research & development? A.5 percent to 27 percent B.20 percent to 67 percent C.40 percent to 87 percent D.50 percent to 97 percent

48 Middle East Round 5

49 1. According to the White House Fact Sheet: G-8 Action on Deauville Partnership with Arab Countries in Transition, which of the following WAS NOT one of the four key priority areas identified by the G8 leaders at the Camp David summit? A.Stabilization B.Job creation C.Participation/governance D.The fight against terrorism

50 2. According to Underlying Causes of Stability & Unrest in the Middle East and North Africa, how much did the population of Egypt grow from 1950 to 2010? A.16 million to 65 million B.21 million to 80 million C.24 million to 70 million D.29 million to 87 million

51 3. According to Underlying Causes of Stability & Unrest in the Middle East and North Africa, between 2010 and 2050 which Middle Eastern country is expected to have the SMALLEST percentage demographic growth? A.Egypt B.Israel C.Jordan D.Lebanon

52 4. According to the Center for Strategic and International Studies, which North African country is anticipated to have the largest population in 2050? A.Tunisia B.Morocco C.Algeria D.Libya

53 5. According to the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the so-called “youth bulge” among young people in the Middle East and North Africa poses all of the following problems EXCEPT A.Good high-paying jobs in the oil sector B.A breakdown in educational quality and relevance C.A major lag in jobs, marriage and housing D.Low expectations for the future

54 6. According to U.S. Secretary of Defense, Leon Panetta speaking to the Senate Armed Services Committee on March 7, 2012, the U.S. response to the Middle East is guided by all of the following principles EXCEPT A.Opposition to the use of violence and repression by regimes of their own people B.Support for the exercise of universal human rights C.Support for democratic regimes over monarchies D.Support for political and economic reforms that can meet the legitimate aspirations of ordinary people throughout the region

55 7. According to the Council on Foreign Relations, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood won what percentage of the seats in the country’s first post-revolution parliament and made its candidate ____ the winner of the presidency? A.54%Mohamed Morsi B.48%Mohamed el Baradei C.47%Mohamed Morsi D.49%Ayman Nour

56 8. According to Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, the strength of the Muslim Brotherhood has derived from its combination of all of the following EXCEPT: A.Religion B.Charismatic leaders C.Political activism D.Social welfare in its work

57 9. According to Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, the most important U.S. foreign policy goals in Egypt include all of the following EXCEPT: A.Establishment of a Middle East Development Bank B.Egypt’s peace with Israel C.U.S. access to the Suez Canal D.General bilateral military cooperation

58 Afghanistan & Pakistan Round 6

59 1. According to Pakistan-U.S. Relations, the 1,600 mile border dividing Pakistan & Afghanistan was drawn by A.The Ottomans in 1580 B.The Russians in 1753 C.The British in 1893 D.The newly-independent nations of Pakistan & Afghanistan in 1947

60 2. According to Exit from Afghanistan & Iraq: right time, right pace, all of the following statements are true EXCEPT A.The invasion of Iraq occurred fifteen months after the start of the war in Afghanistan B.In Iraq, violence has decreased more than 95% since 2004-2006 C.U.S. & Allied combined forces shrank dramatically in Afghanistan after 2008 D.Since 2008, Afghanistan has become a much more dangerous place for American soldiers

61 3. According to Exit from Afghanistan & Iraq: right time, right pace, the following statements are true EXCEPT A.The Taliban is a Pashtun-based movement B.The Taliban is willing to use drug smuggling to finance its operations C.Most Afghans support the Taliban D.The Taliban have a shadow government structure in Pakistan

62 4. According to the Afghanistan Index, what was the total number of Afghan security forces on duty as of March 2012? A.194,466 B.244,466 C.344,108 D.444,466

63 5. According to Pakistan-U.S. Relations, Pakistan’s reaction to the killing of Bin Laden by American forces include all of the following EXCEPT A.A public demand for a return to military rule B.A strong condemnation of the raid C.Bellicose anti-American demonstrations in the streets of Pakistan D.A demand that the United States halt drone strikes in west Pakistan

64 6. According to Pakistan-U.S. Relations, which country is Pakistan's largest trading partner? A.China B.Indonesia C.Japan D.Azerbaijan

65 7. In President Obama's Address to the Nation, May 1, 2012, he cited several reasons why the war in Afghanistan was the longest war in American history. Which of the following WAS NOT mentioned in the President’s speech? A.America became involved in Iraq while still fighting in Afghanistan B.For many years, the Afghan war was fought with minimal effort C.Al Qaeda has allies within the Taliban who waged a brutal insurgency D.Bin Laden & his lieutenants established a safe haven in Haqqani

66 8. According to the statement of General John Allen, Commander US Forces-Afghanistan, to the House Armed Services Committee on March 20, 2012, how many of the 60 Coalition troops who lost their lives between January and March appear to have been killed at the hands of the Afghan security forces? A.3 B.13 C.23 D.None of the above

67 9. According to Pakistan-U.S. Relations, Pakistan's pre-requisites for “resetting” its relationship with the U.S., as expressed by its Ambassador to the U.S. include all the following EXCEPT A.An apology for the Salala incident B.A robust increase in military aid C.Halting drone strikes D.Enhancing Pakistan's access to U.S. markets

68 China Round 7

69 1. According to Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2012, the People’s Liberation Army’s modernization efforts focus primarily on building a force capable of A.Dominating the Asia-Pacific region B.Deterring, disrupting or denying United States intervention in the Persian Gulf C.Invading Taiwan to compel unification D.Fighting and winning local wars

70 2. According to Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2012, the People’s Liberation Army has roughly the following number of ground force personnel: A.400,000 B.1,250,000 C.2,250,000 D.10,250,000

71 3. According to Understanding China’s Political System, the most powerful policy- and decision- making entity in China is the A.Presidency B.Politburo C.Politburo Standing Committee D.Central Military Commission

72 4. According to Timeline: U.S. Relations with China, during the “First Taiwan Strait Crisis” (1954-1955) what action did the Eisenhower Administration take in the spring of 1955? A.Threatened to attack Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist army on Taiwan B.Attacked mainland China’s People’s Liberation Army on the islands of Quemoy and Matsu C.Threatened a nuclear attack on China D.Remained neutral in the conflict between the Nationalists and People’s Liberation Army

73 5. According to Timeline: U.S. Relations with China, the Taiwan Relations Act A.Allows for continued commercial and cultural relations between the United States and Taiwan B.Granted the People’s Republic of China full diplomatic recognition. C.Granted Taiwan full diplomatic recognition. D.Asserted the United State’s neutrality in the conflict between the Nationalists and People’s Liberation Army

74 6. According to A New Framework for US-China Economic Relations, the broad consensus among U.S. policy makers that China’s success will be good for the United States is now fraying. Which of the following WAS NOT among the reasons cited for this development? A.China’s increased spending on health and welfare B.The United States’ recent economic challenges C.The potential for some Chinese firms to compete globally, particularly in areas that touch core American advantages D.China’s military buildup

75 7. According to China 2030 – Building a Modern, Harmonious, and Creative High- Income Society, why does China need a new development strategy? A.So that it can improve the standard of living of its citizens that live in coastal provinces B.So that it can maintain rapid economic growth while minimizing disruption to the environment and the fabric of its own society C.So that it can provide for an aging population D.None of the above

76 8. One of the concerns raised by the World Bank in its report, China 2030, is that China could become stuck in a “middle-income trap.” According to the World Bank how should China avoid this pitfall? A.By reducing its overreliance on investment in infrastructure and manufacturing B.By improving health care and social security C.By increasing competition in the economy D.By increasing productivity through innovation

77 9. According to China 2030, which of the following best describes World Bank estimates regarding changes in China’s GDP? A.Decline steeply from an average near 8.6 percent in 2011-2015 to around 1 percent in 2026-2030 B.Decline gradually from an average near 8.6 percent in 2011-2015 to around 5 percent in 2026-2030 C.Continue to increase at a rate of 8.6 percent per year through 2026-2030 D.None of the above

78 Millennium Development Goals Round 8

79 1. According to the Millennium Development Goals Report 2012, Asia’s net gain in forest area between 2000 and 2010 was attributable to large-scale reforestation programs in China, India and which other country? A.Burma B.Thailand C.Indonesia D.Vietnam

80 2. What conclusion did the Millennium Development Goals Report 2012, reach regarding the status of biodiversity? A.Biodiversity is still being lost. B.Biodiversity has not changed substantially in the last five years. C.Biodiversity has increased slightly. D.Biodiversity has increased significantly.

81 3. According to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), 2011 Progress Chart for Goal 7, which of the following regions was rated as having “low coverage” AND showed “no progress” in two of the three targets? A.Northern Africa B.Sub-Saharan Africa C.Oceania D.Southern Asia

82 4. According to, Why Sanitation, the the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s investments in sanitation are primarily focused on: A.Providing everyone with flush toilets B.Increasing the number of sewers and waste treatment facilities C.Complementing its investments in clean water development D.Finding new ways to manage human waste

83 5. According to Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Strategy Overview, every year food and water tainted with fecal matter cause up to 2.5 billion cases of diarrhea among children under 5 and result in _____ child deaths each year. A.1.5 million B.2.5 million C.5.5 million D.20.5 million

84 6. According to Global Costs and Benefits of Drinking-water Supply and Sanitation Interventions, in 2010, the United Nations General Assembly recognized access to safe drinking-water and sanitation as a A.A Human Right B.A goal of the international community C.A responsibility of each individual government to fulfill D.None of the above

85 7. According to Global Costs and Benefits of Drinking-water Supply and Sanitation Interventions, which region had the greatest investment needs for both water and sanitation? A.Sub-Saharan Africa B.North Africa C.South Asia D.East Asia

86 8. According to the World Health Organization, what is the estimated financial capital cost of achieving the drinking-water and sanitation MDG target by 2015? A.$14 billion B.$65 billion C.$145 billion D.$161 billion

87 9. According 2011: A Year in Review the purpose of the UN-REDD program is to A.Improve water conservation and sanitation in developing countries B.Implement employment programs in developing countries C.Reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries D.Develop forest resources in developing countries

88 Cuban Missile Crisis Round 9

89 1. According to Soviet Deception in the Cuban Missile Crisis: Learning from the Past, the Russian term to describe “deceiving an opponent about the nature, scope and timing of an operation,” a tactic effectively used during and before the CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS (1962) is A.Perestroika B.Maskirovka C.Narodniki D.Malni paket

90 2. President Obama has described nuclear terrorism as “The most immediate and extreme threat to global security”. A study by Rand Corporation estimated that the direct economic costs of a nuclear terrorist attack on a U.S. port would cost: A.As much as the September 11, World Trade Center attack B.About $1 billion C.About $500 million D.More than $1 trillion

91 3. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a pivotal moment in the Cold War. President Kennedy and Chairman Khrushchev confronted each other with the power of mutual destruction. If neither side backed down, it is estimated that nuclear exchange between the U.S. and the USSR would have meant deaths of A.100 Million Americans and Russians B.150 million Americans and Russians C.200 million Americans and Russians D.250 million Americans and Russians

92 4. According to the Harvard Kennedy School, which of the following WAS NOT a reason for the Soviet Union’s placement of missiles in Cuba in 1962 A.To bolster the bargaining position of the Soviet Union with respect to West Berlin B.To boost Soviet power in the Caribbean C.To better defend Cuba from an American invasion D.To prepare for a first strike against the U.S. with nuclear tipped missiles

93 5. According to the Harvard Kennedy School, among the options President Kennedy had before him during the Cuban Missile Crisis was a U.S. invasion of Cuba. Had the U.S. invaded, the local Cuban commander on the site was A.Authorized to use tactical nuclear weapons to defend the island B.Prohibited from using tactical nuclear weapons C.Instructed to move to a more secure perimeter D.Instructed to implement a “scorched earth” policy to slow the invading forces

94 6. As a result of the failed “BAY OF PIGS” invasion in 1961, Fidel Castro accepted the Soviet offer to install missiles in Cuba as a deterrent to another invasion. Believing A U.S. invasion was imminent during the crisis, Castro urged Khrushchev to A.Withdraw the Soviet missiles from Cuba B.Negotiate a truce to buy time C.Blockade Guantanamo Bay D.Initiate a nuclear first strike against the U.S.

95 7. President Kennedy announced to the nation on October 22, 1962 that he would impose a naval blockade on further shipments of armaments to Cuba. He opted for the blockade because A.It would allow the President time to consider other courses of action B.It would be least offensive to our allies C.A blockade would not escalate to war as quickly as a military strike D.All of the above

96 8. According to the Harvard Kennedy School, the reason why Khrushchev agreed to withdraw missiles from Cuba is still uncertain. All of the following factors were believed to play a role EXCEPT A.A war over Cuba would escalate into a nuclear war that would destroy both superpowers. B.The U.S. pledged never to invade Cuba C.U.S. pledged to remove American missiles from Turkey D.Khrushchev wanted to challenge the U.S.

97 9. According to The Global Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime, the problem of nuclear proliferation is global. Nine states are known or believed to have nuclear weapons. Which of the following IS NOT believed to have nuclear weapons A.North Korea B.Israel C.Iran D.Pakistan

98 Geography Round 10

99 1. According to World Urbanization Prospects 2011 Revision, half of the population of Asia will live in urban areas by _____. A.2015 B.2020 C.2030 D.2040

100 2. According to World Urbanization Prospects 2011 Revision, between 2011 and 2050, the urban areas of the world are expected to absorb ____ percent of the population growth expected over the next four decades. A.50 B.60 C.75 D.100

101 3. According to the United Nations, between 1970 and 2011, the number of people living in megacities multiplied almost 10 times to 359 million. It is expected that this number will _____ by 2025. A.Decrease B.Increase by 100 million C.Almost double D.More than double

102 4. According to the United Nations, between 2011 and 2030 almost one- third of the increase in world urban population will occur in which 2 countries? A.India and China B.China and Indonesia C.India and Nigeria D.China and Brazil

103 5. According to Migration and Development: Policy Perspectives from the United States, in 1970 about 1 out of every 29 people lived in a country where international migrants comprised a tenth or more of the total population. By 2010, the ratio was nearly 1 in ___. A.5 B.9 C.13 D.15

104 6. According to Migration and Development: Policy Perspectives from the United States, immigration policies are designed overwhelmingly in response to ____ concerns and rarely take into account the well-being of foreign countries. A.Technology B.Domestic C.Foreign Policy D.Ethnic

105 7. According to Migration and Development: Policy Perspectives from the United States, while the promise of opportunity and higher wages are key drivers of migration, other perceived benefits include all of the following EXCEPT A.Human security B.Rule of law C.Reliable public services D.Safe drinking water

106 8. According to National Geographic /Roper Public Affairs 2006 Geographic Literacy Study, young American adults between 18 and 24 have a weak knowledge of the geography of the Middle East. _____ in ten COULD NOT find Iraq or Saudi Arabia, while _____% COULD NOT find Iran or Israel on a map. A.4, 50 B.5, 60 C.6, 75 D.7, 70

107 9. According to National Geographic/ Roper Public Affairs 2006 Geographic Literacy Study what percentage of 18-24 year old Americans COULD NOT find North Korea on a map? A.40 B.50 C.60 D.70

108 Tie Breakers

109 Tiebreakers-Round 1

110 1. The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water (liquid) by 1 degree Fahrenheit (F) at the temperature that water has its greatest density, (approx. 39 degrees F) is A.1 watt B.1kilowatt C.1 erg D.1 BTU

111 2. According to The Competitiveness and Innovative Capacity of the United States, between the fourth quarter 1979 and the fourth quarter 2010 real median weekly earnings of full‐time wage and salary workers increased A.0.9 percent B.4.9 percent C.9.9 percent D.15.9 percent

112 3. In 1962, which member of the National Security Council recommended to the President that he authorize a surprise military strike on the missiles in Cuba? A.Dean Rusk, Secretary of State B.Vice President Lyndon Johnson C.Adlai Stevenson, UN Ambassador D.Robert Kennedy

113 Tiebreakers-Round 2

114 1. According to the World Bank, China will need “to strengthen innovation and creativity.” What is the single most important policy that the Chinese government can pursue to encourage innovation? A.Increase government intervention to ensure that markets allocate resources efficiently B.Improve education, health care, and social security C.Increase competition in the economy D.Provide tax incentives to encourage firms to invest in new technology

115 2. In November 1961, President Kennedy approved: “Operation Mongoose.” Its purpose was to A.Collect intelligence on Cuba through U-2 flights B.Prepare for the “Bay of Pigs” invasion C.Stimulate rebellion in Cuba that the U.S. could then support D.Interdict Soviet transports bringing weapons to Cuba

116 3. According to the Congressional Research Service, after two decades of negotiation, Pakistan and India signed pacts with ______ to build a pipeline through Afghanistan. Name the country that completes the sentence. A.Iraq B.Turkmenistan C.Azerbaijan D.Kazakhstan

117 Sudden Death

118 1. Which country DOES NOT share a border with Afghanistan? A.Uzbekistan B.Tajikistan C.Turkmenistan D.Kazakhstan

119 Roosevelt Round

120 1. The first elected position held by Franklin Roosevelt was A.Governor B.State Senator C.Vice President D.President

121 2. What was the “Brain Trust”? A.Roosevelt’s Presidential Cabinet Members B.A select few members of Roosevelt’s family he could confide in C.A select group of external academic and legal advisors for FDR D.Ordinary citizens who gave the president advice on his legislation ideas

122 3. What was the first piece of legislation signed into law by Franklin Roosevelt in 1933? A.Federal Emergency Relief Act B.Glass-Steagall Banking Act C.Government Economy Act D.Emergency Banking Act

123 4. What was the main objective of the Agricultural Adjustment Act? A.Move farmers into other professions so they could make money in other ways B.Give more income to farmers C.Utilize as much farmland as possible D.Produce more food to feed the many Americans suffering from the Depression

124 5. What was the “Roosevelt Recession”? A.Economic downturn resulting from Roosevelt’s attempts to balance the federal budget B.The improvement of the Great Depression into only a recession C.Roosevelt’s withdrawal from politics following his bout with Polio D.A federal stimulus plan to decrease the need for consumers to spend their own money

125 6. In 1936, support for the New Deal was undermined by A.The Supreme Court deeming some New Deal legislation unconstitutional B.The American public, which felt the nation was improving and did not need as much legislation C.Americans who were preoccupied with foreign conflicts D.Eleanor Roosevelt convincing Franklin to drop some of his programs

126 7. Why did FDR propose the Lend- Lease Act? A.He was trying to make the American people more used to the idea of war B.Britain was going bankrupt and could not pay for US supplies C.Britain had given all of their weapons to other countries D.He wanted specific supplies from Britain in return

127 8. At what wartime conference was the opening of the so called “Second Front” decided? A.Teheran B.Yalta C.Atlantic D.Potsdam

128 9. Which of the following pursuits did Eleanor Roosevelt NOT undertake as First Lady? A.Development of a close relationship with the American people B.Increased opportunities for minorities C.Challenging of Franklin’s ideas and policies D.Preservation of traditional gender roles

129 10. What solidified Eleanor Roosevelt’s endorsement of John F. Kennedy for president in the 1960 election? A.His stance on foreign relations B.His being against racial discrimination C.His firm support of the United Nations D.His policies for improving the situations of World War II veterans

130 Roosevelt Round Tiebreakers

131 1. In response to Japan’s territorial invasion and expansion, Roosevelt A.Froze Japan’s assets and banned purchases of American oil B.Mobilized troops for war C.Began planning for offensive attacks on Japan and its territories D.Restricted Japan’s access to European goods and supplies

132 2. What was the room where Roosevelt monitored the military activities of other nations called? A.Military Intelligence Room B.Diplomatic Decoding Room C.Map Room D.Message Room

133 3. What did Eleanor Roosevelt consider her most notable achievement at the UN? A.Being nominated as a delegate by president Harry Truman B.Leading the draft of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights C.Coming to an agreement with Soviet delegates over the definition of human liberties D.Continuing her husband’s legacy

134 4. Legislation that gave workers the right to form unions and gave better ways to mediate disputes was called the A.Wagner Act B.Union Reform Act C.Fair Labor Act D.Union Standards Act

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