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British Power Boat CompanyBritish Power Boat Company, Hampshire, UK] MTB 01-12, 14-19 [launched 1936-39 Built: 1936-1939 Built of Honduras Mahogany, double.

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Presentation on theme: "British Power Boat CompanyBritish Power Boat Company, Hampshire, UK] MTB 01-12, 14-19 [launched 1936-39 Built: 1936-1939 Built of Honduras Mahogany, double."— Presentation transcript:

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2 British Power Boat CompanyBritish Power Boat Company, Hampshire, UK] MTB 01-12, [launched Built: Built of Honduras Mahogany, double diagonal construction. Length: 60 feet 4 inches [18.39m] LOA x 13 feet 10 inches [4.22m] x 2 feet 10 inches [0.86m] Weight: 18 Tons [Standard] Fuel: Petrol. Capacity: 960 Gallons [imperial] Engines: 3 x W12 Napier. Sea Lion XI ;24 Litre, Engines: 3 x W12 Napier. Sea Lion XI ;24 Litre, 1500 RPM = Knots in trials [1800 HP Max] BSA.303 Lewis Machine Guns: MTB's = 1 pair fore, 1 pair aft mounted centre line Torpedo Racks: 2 Stern 18 inch, 6 Depth Charge Compliment: 9 MTB 01 was ex 07, 07 was ex 13 and 19 was ex 01 The first MTB’s purchased by the R.N since the First World War. 10 were lost and the others became motor attendant craft or target service craft. Caudae Spiculum Caveo (Beware the sting in the tail) The 2 nd MTB Flotilla on patrol in Tathong Channel, Hong Kong Photo from Buddy Hide’s collection © In 1933 Hubert Scott-Paine built and raced Miss Britain III, which used a Napier Lion engine, in the United States and Venice, setting world records for a single engine craft.Hubert Scott-PaineMiss Britain IIIUnited States Venice © Hamstat Integrated Systems

3 The 2nd MTB Flotilla was formed in 1938 under the command of Lt-Cmdr D G (Knobby) Clark RN the senior officer of the flotilla until 1st Nov 1940 when Lt-Cmdr Boldero RN took command until he lost an arm in an accident in May 41 when Lt-Cmdr Gandy RN took over the flotilla until it was scuttled at Nanao in Mirs Bay in the early hours of 26th December On the outbreak of war the flotilla was the only effective naval presence in Hong Kong. When the Japanese army invaded Hong Kong Island from Kowloon, the flotilla tore into the fray on full throttle in what is arguably the most daring daylight MTB raid of all time. MTB 07 led the attack coming under heavy fire from land, sea, & air, losing MTBs 12 & 26 in the action which was dubbed "The Balaclava of the Sea". MTB 08 was lost three days earlier on the slip at Aberdeen, hit by a bomb splinter. When Hong Kong surrendered the flotilla was ordered to get the Kuomintang Chinese Military Mission led by Admiral Chan Chak, along with fleeing Staff Officers from the Battle HQ to Free China. This the flotilla accomplished in the most dramatic circumstances on Christmas Day 1941.

4 2 nd Motor Torpedo Boat Flotilla MTB.07 [ex 13] (comp 31 Aug 1938) MTB.08 (3 Sep 1937) MTB.09 (8 Oct 1937) MTB.10 (11 Jul 1938) MTB.11 (26Jul 1938) MTB.12 (3 Aug 1938) MTB. 26 ex Kuomintang Chinese navy 55’ Thornycroft CMB (Kuai 19) MTB. 27 ex Kuomintang Chinese navy 55’ Thornycroft CMB (Kuai 20)

5 MTBs 07 & 09 under camouflage in Telegraph Bay on Christmas Day 1941 just hours prior to the escape that evening. Lt R. R. W. Ashby Lt R. R. W. Ashby & crew on patrol MTB 07

6 MTB 07 which is ex 13 arriving in Hong Kong (MTB 01 is ex 07) MTB 19 was ex was commanded by Lt Hennessy RNLt Hennessy RN from 07/09/ /03/1940 when Lt Ashby HKRNVR Lt Ashby HKRNVR took command. Photos from Buddy Hide’s & Ron Ashby’s collections ©

7 MTB 08 Lt L D Kilbee along with Ashby was one of the 12 founding members of the Hong Kong Naval Volunteer Force formed from members of the RHKYC and later mobilised as the HKRNVR. He was C/O of MTB 27 before taking command of MTB 08 until it blew up on the slip at Aberdeen when hit by a bomb splinter. Lt Kilbee was then Base MTB Officer until 21st December. He was then appointed 1st Lt of MTB 10. He was ordered off on the 25th December just prior to the escape to look after his crew ashore, & subsequently nearly four years as a Japanese POW. Left: MTB 08 as drawn by Lt Kilbee in 1945 after being released from POW Photos from Laurence Kilbee’s collection ©

8 MTB 09 Lt A Kennedy R.N.V.R. Arrived in Hong Kong on 6 th October 1939 as Acting Sub-Lt. He was allocated as 1st Officer to Lt -Cdr D. G. (Knobby) Clark RN [MTB 10] who was the Flotilla's Senior Officer since its formation in Lt Kennedy took command of MTB 09 early in He kept a diary and in 1946 wrote it up as “Hong Kong Full Circle 1939 –1945” with 500 copies self published in Right: MTB 09 with Lt Kennedy and L/Tel Harold Hill on the bridge

9 MTB 11 MTB 11 was commanded by Lt Cuthbert J Collingwood RN Caudae Spiculum Caveo (Beware the sting in the tail)

10 MTB 12 On the 19 th December 1941 MTB 12 received a direct hit killing Lt Colls H.K.R.N.V.R., and Sub - Lt G. McGill H.K.R.N.V.R. MTB 12 was last seen crashing into the sea wall on the Kowloon side. Only two known survivors, A/B Bartlett & Tel P.O. Alf Hunt G3CHU both interned in Argyle Street POW camp. Alf later survived the sinking of the Lisbon Maru.

11 Loading a torpedo into MTB 11 The 60 foot Scott-Paine boats carried two 18 inch torpedo's stored in the engine room on overhead rails, with two hinged lattice transoms stowed on deck which swung over the stern to form a continuation of the engine room overhead rails. The torpedo's fired forward from astern of the boat, and it took great skill in aiming the boat at the target, firing, then turning sharply away to avoid the torpedo.. MTB 01 during sea trials in 1937 British Power Boat Company British Power Boat Company, Hampshire, UK] MTB 01-12, [launched Built: Length: 60 feet 4 inches [18.39m] LOA x 13 feet 10 inches [4.22m] x 2 feet 10 inches [0.86m] Weight: 18 Tons [Standard] 22 Tons Gross Fuel: Petrol. Capacity: 960 Gallons [imperial] Engines: 3 x W12 Napier. Sea Lion XI ;24 Litre, Engines: 3 x W12 Napier. Sea Lion XI ;24 Litre, 1500 RPM = Knots in trials [1800 HP Max] BSA.303 Lewis Machine Guns: MTB's = 1 pair fore, 1 pair aft mounted centre line Torpedo Racks: 2 Stern 18 inch, 6 Depth Charge Compliment: 9 MTB 01 was ex 07, 07 was ex 13 and 19 was ex 01 The first R.N. MTBs since the First World War. 10 were lost and the others became motor attendant craft or target service boats. The planing hull design of the British Power Boats evolved from the High Speed Rescue launch designed by T E Lawrence CB DSO for air crew rescue while working with the BPB company. Every fast motor yacht, and all of the modern breed of lifeboats, owe a design debt to these boats.

12 MTBs 26 & 27 of the 2 nd MTB Flotilla MTBs 26 & 27 completed 10 th September 1938 were ex Kuomintang CMBs (Kuai 19 and 20) purchased from the Chinese Navy in 1939 for the Flotilla as MTBs 26 and 27. They were 55 foot Thornyecroft ‘s and did not have any sleeping quarters onboard, the crews berthed onboard HMS Robin. MTB 27 was known as the silent boat. Displacement = 14 tons standard Unlike the BPB MTB’s, these were an early form of high speed hull of "semi-displacement" based on the theory that long length and narrow beam gave high speed. They had a step in the bottom about half way along which helped them lift out of the water without actually "planing". This design became known as a "hydroplane" hull - as opposed to a hydrofoil, which is totally different - and these are still raced as outboard speedboats on Oulton Broad in Suffolk. Scott- Paine changed all this with his new "hard chine" planing hull, of which 07 was one. Vaughan Ashby, son of Lt Ashby HKRNVR

13 Summery of the pre war 1938 Scott Pain Boats From those operations of old type 1938 Scott Pain boats the following points of weakness emerge for rectification. 1)The engines are too noisy. The silent auxiliary engine for slow spec work is essential. 2)Guns, if possible, should be centrally situated and near to the control officer. 3)Boats should have efficient smoke producing apparatus.(C.S. apparatus). 4)The 18” mark VIII torpedoes dive to an initial depth of 40 ft. before taking up depth setting. 40 ft. is much too great an initial dive. 5)Depth charges for use by fast MTB’s should be fitted with shallow water pistols. The mark VII depth charges in use would not explode under 45 ft. which was too great a depth for certain work. 6)The use of MTB’s for troop or ammunition carrying is possible but not desirable as MTB’s are too lightly built, nor is their power of manoeuvre sufficient. 7) W/T Communications in plain language is very desirable when speed is more important than secrecy. The radio telephone in these MTB’s is never satisfactory if engines are running. 8)MTB’s should not be concentrated in one spot when bombed in harbour. ©1996 Hamstat Integrated Systems G H Gandy Lt-Cmdr.R.N. Retd., Commanding Officer 2 nd MTB Flotilla Rangoon. 8 th March 1942

14 Hubert Scott-Paine greeting Capt Willis the C/O of HMS Vernon, at the commissioning of MTB’s 01 & 02 by King Edward VIII with Lt-Cmdr G B Sayer, the S/O of the 1 st MTB Flotilla in These were the first MTB’s built for the Royal Navy since the Great War of 1914/18. © Hamstat Integrated Systems

15 | Site maintained by Hamstat Integrated Systems in conjunction with Eastbourne Computer Services Ltd |Eastbourne Computer Services Ltd Copyright 1996 Hamstat Integrated Systems. All rights reserved. All copyright, trade marks, design rights, patents and other intellectual property rights (registered and unregistered) in and on the Hamstat, Mwadui.com, or Hongkongescape.org sites and all content (including all applications) located on the site shall remain vested in Hamstat, Mwadui.com, and hongkongescape.org. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, disassemble, decompile, reverse engineer, download, post, broadcast, transmit, make available to the public, or otherwise use Hamstat, mwadui.com, or hongkongescape.org content in any way except for your own personal, non-commercial use. You also agree not to adapt, alter or create a derivative work from any Hamstat content except for your own personal, non-commercial use. Any other use of Hamstat, Mwadui.com, or hongongescape.org content requires the prior written permission of hongkongescape.org


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