* BORN ABOUT 135 CE - DIED ABOUT 220 CE *HE WAS THE SON OF RABBAN GAMLIEL II.
HE IS REFERRED TO AS : “REBBI” = MY EXCELLENT TEACHER “RABBEINU HAKADOSH” = OUR HOLY RABBI
HE IS CREDITED WITH SAYING “I LEARNED MUCH FROM MY TEACHERS, MORE THAN THAT DID I LEARN FROM MY COLLEAGUES, BUT MOST OF ALL FROM MY STUDENTS!”
MOST FAMOUS FOR: Collecting and arranging the Mishna in 220 CE
WHY THE MISHNA? Fearing that the oral traditions might be forgotten, Yehudah Ha- Nasi undertook the mission of compiling them in what became known as the Mishna. Mishna
WHAT IS THE MISHNA? Hebrew: משנה, "repetition", from the verb shanah שנה, or "to study and review", also "secondary” Hebrew First part of the Oral Torah The Mishnah teaches the oral traditions by example It brings to everyday reality the practice of the mitzvot as presented in the Torah which was much needed at the time when the Second Temple was destroyed (70 C.E)Second Temple Aims to cover all aspects of human living The Mishnah does not claim to be the development of new laws, but rather the collection of existing traditions.
WHAT DOES THE MISHNAH CONSIST OF? The Mishnah consists of six orders ( sedarim, singular seder סדר ) Each containing 7–12 sections, 63 in total Further subdivided into chapters and verses.
THE ORDERS AND THEIR SUBJECTS ARE: Zeraim ("Seeds"): dealing with prayer, blessings, and agricultural laws Zeraim Moed ("Festival"): pertaining to the laws of the Sabbath and the Festivals Moed Nashim ("Women"): concerning marriage and divorce Nashim Nezikin ("Damages"): dealing with civil and criminal law, the functioning of the courts and oaths Nezikin Kodashim ("Holy things"): regarding sacrificial rites, the Temple, and the dietary laws KodashimTemple dietary laws Tehorot ("Purities"): pertaining to the laws of purity and impurity, including the impurity of the dead, the laws of food purity and bodily purity Tehorot
RABBINIC PERIOD REVIEW! Tannaim: Rabbis who wrote the Mishnah Tannaim Tanna: singular (ex. Rabbi Akiva is a Tanna)
RABBINIC PERIOD REVIEW! Rabban Yochanan ben Zakkai AROUND 30-90 CE Pro Peace, wanted to get out of Jerusalem without a fight and rebuild Judaism elsewhere Started an academy and a new center for Jewish life in YAVNEH after the destruction in 70
RABBI AKIVA- AROUND 40-137 CE Connected to LAG B’OMER Well known for his optimism He died a martyr's death (Legend has it that they Romans asked him to stop teaching Torah and he refused, so they killed him.)