Presentation on theme: "The Achievements of the Gupta Empire"— Presentation transcript:
1The Achievements of the Gupta Empire History Alive Chapter 18
2Golden Age A time of great prosperity and achievement. Peaceful times allow people to spend time thinking and being creative.
3The Rise of the Gupta Empire The Mauryan Empire fell in 187 B.C.E.India broke apart in smaller kingdoms.The smaller kingdoms fought for 500 years.Beginning around 320 C.E. a second great empire arose.
4Chandragupta IThe Guptas united the northern kingdoms by conquering them through war.Formed alliances through marriage.
5Guptas Gave local areas or provinces a lot of independence. The Guptas stayed in power for nearly 230 years.
6Great Achievement in the Gupta Empire UniversitiesLiteraturePaintingSculptureMetalworkMathematicsRoads
7Universities Time of great learning Hindu and Buddhist universities No women were allowed to attend, except for the daughter’s of teachersHindu universities were designed for the upper classes.
8Nalanda Famous Buddhist school. Eight colleges Three libraries HospitalMonasteryStudents instructed in both Buddhist and Hindu philosophy
9Literature Gupta writers created many types of literary works. They wrote poetry, fables, and folktales, and plays.Hindu law and religion
10The Puranas (“Ancient Lore”) Described many Hindu legendsThe stories were passed down through the oral tradition
11The Mahabharata (“Great Work”) All the stories from the Puranas were finally written down.The stories were hundreds of years old.Themes relate to Hindu values of good versus evil.
12Bhagavad Gita (“Song of the Lord”) Part of the MahabharataBeautiful poem and beloved workPrince Arjuna is taught basic truths of Hinduism by Krishna, an earthly form of the deity Vishnu.
13Gupta Literature Spread Beyond India to Greece and Persia.The famous Arabian tale about Aladdin and his magic lamp was inspired by a Gupta folktale.
14Painting Gupta empire famous for its beautiful paintings Subjects included deities and other religious topicsPaintings were created on long scrolls
15Anjanta Cave Murals Murals cover the walls of thirty caves Ancient Buddhist monasteryPaintings are done in bright colors like red, purple, and green.Artists made paints from minerals and clay.
17SculptureSculptors created statues made out of stone, wood, bronze, and terra-cotta clay.Many portrayed Buddhist or Hindu deities.
18Metalwork Gupta kings controlled huge mines of gold, copper, and iron. Gold and copper coins honoring Gupta rulers
19Ironworks Part of metalworks Iron pillar at a place called Meharauli is an impressive and mysterious examples of their skill.Pillar made of solid iron, stands 25 feet tall, weights 13,000 pounds.
20Mathematics Write whole numbers 1-9. Used decimals system to write numbers.Hindu mathematicians were the first to use the zero as a number.Arabic numerals began wish the Indian system of numbers.
21Aryanhata Combined math and astronomy. He figured out that a year was exactly days long.Calculated the approximate size of the earth.Proposed planets were like balls or spheres.Suggested the earth spins on an axis.
22Mathematics Practical Uses Gupta builders used mathematics to design more complex structures.
23RoadsGupta rulers encouraged trade by creating a huge system of well built roads.Roads built with care and precision.Signs told travelers where they were.Empire greatly benefitted from trade.
24RoadsConnected India to China and the lands east of the Mediterranean Sea.