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Preparing For Intelligent Information Systems: Activity Policies, Electronic Agents and Ethical Transactions Christopher W. Higgins Lane Powell Spears.

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Presentation on theme: "Preparing For Intelligent Information Systems: Activity Policies, Electronic Agents and Ethical Transactions Christopher W. Higgins Lane Powell Spears."— Presentation transcript:

1 Preparing For Intelligent Information Systems: Activity Policies, Electronic Agents and Ethical Transactions Christopher W. Higgins Lane Powell Spears Lubersky, LLP

2 “Ethical Change Represents the Greatest Increase in Personality.” I Ching, The Book of Changes No. 42

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9 IA

10 This is an Information Asset IA It May Have: no value unless it can be exchangedno value unless it can be exchanged value only if that value can be protectedvalue only if that value can be protected different values in different contextsdifferent values in different contexts value beyond pricevalue beyond price

11 Activity Policy Each IA Must Have Its Own AP IA The set of terms and conditions under which an owner permits an asset to participate in some set of activities. Familiar Examples of Activity Policies: license agreements or price scheduleslicense agreements or price schedules file permissions or security classificationsfile permissions or security classifications

12 SoftwareProduct License to Use ClassifiedInfo Security Clearance ShortStory Hit Counter Porno Notice/Disclaimer Some Examples

13 TypeOperationConditionPolicy Internal Structure External Structure APs as Structural Interfaces Type

14 The 12 HyTime Activity Types Create Delete Access Modify + Link - Link

15 The 12 HyTime Activity Types Copy Transclude Untransclude Schedule Reschedule Unschedule

16 Endless Variety Endless Variety HyTime does not prescribe the expression of Activity Policies, Conditions, or Operations, and only provides a base set of Types for use with applications.

17 Examples of AP Operations Type Operation Condition Policy System login and security tracking Credit database query Interactive user applications Structural maintainence Account debit or credit Electronic transfers

18 Copyright Chris W. Higgins, 1996 Examples of AP Conditions Type Operation Condition Policy Identity: licensee/friend/stranger Atributes: network/jurisdiction Financial status or credit history Knowledge, skills, abilities Time of day, week, year, cycle System considerations Legal Obligations

19 IA AP IA Type Operation Condition Policy

20 Security Financial Legal Other Activity Policy Application IA

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24 Contract Obligation Monthly Report Personal Interest Jerry Garcia Rules! Political Passion Civil Rights for All Fiancial Opportunity Seeking Venture Capital Private Directive He promised not to call her Mandatory Notice Porno Citation Footnote Research Physics Rules

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27 IA

28 Comm. Issue = Transfering Reliably From A to B Redundant ChecksBA AP Issue = Mediating Exchange of Value Between A & B Interpretive SemanticsBA

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30 HyTime XML SGML HTML OSD DSSL XMLSGMLOSD DSSL HTML HyTime HTML XML SGML HyTime OSD DSSL HTML XML SGML HyTime OSD DSSL HTML XML SGMLHyTimeOSD DSSL HTML XML SGML HyTime OSD DSSL Property Set Markup & Content DTD Notation System

31 Property Set Markup & Content DTD Notation System The SGML Universe

32 Instance Language Game Syntax & Semantics Meta Grammar The Structure of Language

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34 Language Game

35 RUN Danger NOW

36 Word Order Expression Argument Order Meaning Syntax Reason Semantics

37 Home Creature NOW RUN Danger NOW

38 True Perception False Accept Nonsense Sense Reject

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41 Syntax is a closed system of conventions CONFORMINGNON-CONFORMING  all instances verifiable  all requirements of syntax could be dictated to cover every instance at a given time Logic

42 Semantics is an open system for relations CONFORMINGNON-CONFORMING Sense some are verifiable, some are not all requirements cannot be dictated because of the role of perception in meaning

43 Instance Model Conformance vs. Non-conformance In the SGML Universe...

44 Instance Model Conformance vs. Non-conformance In the SGML Universe...

45 Instance Model Conformance vs. Non-conformance In the Sagan/Leary Universe...

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47 Context & Substance Relevant Legal Interests

48 non-verifiable verifiable Context & Substance ExpressionPerception Relevant Legal Interests

49 Case 2: “This is good.” metaphysical preferences of the speaker open system unverifiable beyond faith Case 4: “Euthanasia is good.” Case 3: “This is art.” Case 1: “This is good.” relative expression of value conforming to a predetermined standard verifiable closed system The Law and Ethical Language

50 Intelligent Transactions

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52 Intelligent Agent Actions Actor-TypeObserver-Type external objective acquire rights enforce rights specific benefits specific burdens internal objective receive information create associations general benefits general burdens

53 Three Types of Intelligent Transactions Actor - Actor traditional economics and selfish incentives transaction details are primary source of law Actor - Observer mixed interests and responsibilities practical differentiation for distribution of legal reqs. Observer - Observer lowest danger of fraud, highest policy interest no source of law is generated by the transaction

54 Justice Activity Policy Language Law

55 Markup DTD Notation Property Set Language Justice APs Law Instance Games Syntax Semantics Meta Grammar SGMLLawLanguage

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59 “About those things which we cannot speak we must remain silent.” Ludwig Wittgenstein, The Blue Book

60 Preparing For Intelligent Information Systems: Activity Policies, Electronic Agents and Ethical Transactions Christopher W. Higgins Lane Powell Spears Lubersky, LLP


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