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Slide 1 Light Source Research at Jefferson Lab George R. Neil and Gwyn P. Williams Associate Director, Jefferson Laboratory JSA Science Council January.

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Presentation on theme: "Slide 1 Light Source Research at Jefferson Lab George R. Neil and Gwyn P. Williams Associate Director, Jefferson Laboratory JSA Science Council January."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slide 1 Light Source Research at Jefferson Lab George R. Neil and Gwyn P. Williams Associate Director, Jefferson Laboratory JSA Science Council January 7, 2011

2 Slide 2 BES Grand Challenges in soft X-ray range set the goal Directing Matter and Energy; 5 Challenges for Science & the Imagination 1. How do we control materials processes at the level of the electrons? Pump-probe time dependent dynamics 2. How do we design and perfect atom- and energy-efficient synthesis of new forms of matter with tailored properties? PLD, photo-chemistry, XRS 3. How do remarkable properties of matter emerge from the complex correlations of atomic and electronic constituents and how can we control these properties? Pump-probe time dependent dynamics, XRS 4. How can we master energy and information on the nanoscale to create new technologies with capabilities rivaling those of living things? Pump-probe time dependent dynamics, XRS 5. How do we characterize and control matter away -- especially very far away -- from equilibrium? Non-linear dynamics, ultra-bright sources Report - Graham Fleming and Mark Ratner (Chairs). Ultrafast, ultrabright, tunable THz/IR/UV/X-Ray light from next generation light sources

3 Slide 3 Courtesy W. Eberhardt

4 Slide 4 EXCLUDED REGION Low beam energy is limited by wiggler, High beam energy is limited by emittance Limited by emittance Limited by wiggler

5 Slide 5 Important R&D for Next Generation Light Sources Injectors: ultimate brightness at low (100 pC) and high (1 nC) charge Approaches: DC gun, copper RF gun, SCRF gun,... We don’t presently know how to make a high charge, high brightness CW gun. Brightness preservation in transport: Solutions to coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) emittance degradation, longitudinal space charge (LSC) in pulse compression Is recirculation feasible while retaining brightness? Cut linac cost by 2x! Halo control essential for CW High order mode & beam breakup control in cavities Wakefield and propagating mode damping All of these areas are under study at the JLab FEL

6 Slide 6 JLAMP – 4 th Generation VUV/Soft X-Ray Light Source Operates from 7 eV table-top laser energy to 500 eV with harmonics 3 to 6 orders of magnitude brighter than FLASH Scientific case focused on DOE-BES Grand Challenges from world- class committee - materials science - AMO (Atomic, Molecular, Optical Science) - imaging Secondary goals address BES R&D priorities (injector, srf, collective effects, seed lasers) for next generation hard X-ray photon facility <$100M and fast schedule since it builds on existing FEL infrastructure Proposal Submitted Last Year

7 Slide 7 JLab’s IR/UV 4 th Generation Light Source Upgrade three cryomodules to new C100 design with >100 MeV/module Add two recirculations up in energy and two down in energy recovery

8 Slide MeV, 2 pass acceleration 200 pC, 1 mm mrad injector Up to 4.68 MHz CW repetition rate Recirculation and energy recovery 10 nm fundamental output, 10 nm/H harmonic 50 fs-1000 fs near-Fourier-limited pulses JLAMP FEL designed for unparalleled eV average brightness Baseline: seeded amplifier operation using HHG HGHG amplifier + oscillator capability THz Wiggler for synchronized pump/probe

9 Slide 9 CW operation gives high average brightness in both fundamental and harmonics 4 th Gen 3 rd Gen 2 nd Gen JLAB-UV FEL JLAB-THz UV harm NLS Infrared FELs FLASH LCLS XFEL JLAMP harm JLAMP

10 JLAMP in the Light Source Landscape JLAMP delivers important parameter space un-addressed in hard X-ray proposals, with chemical selectivity to measure atomic structure at the nano- scale, measurement of dynamics on the attosecond timescale of electron motion, and imaging JLAMP NGLS LCLS JLAMP harmonics JLAMP NGLS Ultimate LS JLAMP harmonics FLASH LCLS

11 Slide 11 JLAMP – DOE response to proposal From Pedro Montano, BES:

12 Slide 12 BES suggested R&D topics Demonstrate gun performance; encourage U. Wis. collaboration Control of e-beam parameters to match full energy linac and photo- injector with recirculation and short pulse length demonstrating required beam specifications and ability to match End-to-end simulations including collective effects FEL simulations including non-linear energy terms for effects on radiation characteristics, chirping and phase noise. Evaluate effects of undulator errors, beam alignment errors on FEL gain. Tolerances studied. Detailed mirror specification for oscillator and diagnostic requirements of beamline Synchronization studies compatible with 100 fs pump/probe (suggest MIT collaboration)

13 Slide 13 BES Status Proposal submitted to BES for construction of 10 MeV Booster module and injector beamline compatible with JLab, WiFEL, and LLNL guns. Includes transport studies and diagnostic development. Presently in review. ($3.3M/yr, 3 years) Team is presently analyzing physics and cost scaling of various linear and recirculating, energy recovering CW soft x ray light source geometries to determine path to optimum configuration (when folded in with more specific User requirements). Layout Cost break points Technology levers

14 Slide 14 JLab Advanced DC Gun Many approaches for a CW High Brightness Gun – but none working yet F. Sannibale LBNL Low Frequency RF Gun J. Bisognano C. Hernandez-Garcia WiFEL/Niowave SRF Gun

15 Slide MeV High Gradient Module Multicell cavities 2K liq. He bath Insulating vacuum Component procurements underway for JLab 12 GeV Machine – 10 modules Original CEBAF module R100 Module in assembly, delivery in May to FEL for beam test


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