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GC Unit 6 The Age of Exploration.

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Presentation on theme: "GC Unit 6 The Age of Exploration."— Presentation transcript:

1 GC Unit 6 The Age of Exploration

2 Motivations “Glory, God and Gold” (Marco Polo Travels)
Gold:Spices (Cinnamon, Pepper, nutmeg, salt) Demand had risen as population recovered Need to cut out the middle men God: Chance to crusade against heathens and spread Roman Catholic faith Glory: Renaissance spirit of inquiry

3 Medieval Trade Routes

4 Portuguese are the first
Led by Prince Henry Redesigned ships, made maps, trained sailors Bartholomeu Dias: Southern most tip of Africa (1488) Vasco da Gama: First to reach India; established trading in India (1498)

5 Innovation and Invention
Maps (Cartography) Prince Henry the Navigator (Sagres) The Astrolabe (latitude) and Compass Better vessels called Caravels triangle sails, fixed rudders, wider hulls Better cannons

6 Christopher Columbus Spain wants in on trade profits
Sail West to get East 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella give him 3 ships Depart Aug 3rd Scurvy, misery Arrive at San Salvador October 12th 1492

7 Dividing the World Fought over by Spain & Portugal
The issue was settled by Pope Alexander VI who drew a Line of Demarcation to separate Spanish land from Portuguese land Later the Treaty of Tordsillas Port. Get Brazil Cabral 1500

8 Later Spanish Explorers
Amerigo Vespucci (1507) Vasco Nunez De Balboa (1513) Pacific Ocean Juan Ponce De Leon Florida/Fountain of Youth Francisco De Coronado (1540) 7 cities of Gold/Grand Canyon Hernando De Soto (1541) Mississippi River

9 Ferdinand Magellan September 1519 set out for a 2 year voyage to circumnavigate Portuguese but working for Spain 5 ships 285 men November ships enter the Strait of Magellan and sail into the Pacific Ocean March 1521 reach the Philippines Magellan killed September 8th men and 1 ship return home

10 The Northwest Passage 1497 John Cabot sent by Henry VIII to look for a way over N. America to the East Newfoundland 1535 Jacques Cartier and Samuel De Champlain (France) Henry Hudson 1609 had claimed New Amsterdam for the Dutch

11 English, French and Dutch Explorers
Date Country Discovery John Cabot 1497 England New England Coast (Grand banks) Jacques Cartier 1534 France St. Lawrence River Samuel De Champlain 1603 Founded Quebec Henry Hudson 1609 Netherlands Hudson Bay New York

12 Conquistadors Spanish conquistadors (conquers) attacked the natives in the Caribbean Found enormous amounts of Gold and silver Forced the natives to convert to Christianity and work for them Hernan Cortes defeated the Aztecs (Montezuma) in Mexico Francisco Pizarro defeated the Incas (Atahualpa) in Peru

13 The Spanish Model of Colonization
Policies Viceroys (royal governors provide tight control) No women except natives Wealth based on exploitation of natives and then Africans (by 1542)



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