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Presentation on theme: "www.leap.ccwww.leap.cc 1 2 The Many Faces of Jack Cole 1964 1970."— Presentation transcript:

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3 2 The Many Faces of Jack Cole

4 3 The Drug War has been the single most devastating, dysfunctional social policy since slavery.

5 4 Who Uses and Sells Drugs? Whites constitute 72% of all drug users in the US Blacks constitute 13.5% of all drug users in the US

6 5 Who Gets Arrested? 37% of those arrested for drug violations are Black

7 6 Who Goes to Prison? 60% of those in state prisons for drug felonies are Black 81% of federal drug offenders are black

8 7 Who Goes to Prison? Blacks are now serving an average of six years, while whites are serving only four years.

9 8 Incarceration Rates in the United States White Males 943 Per 100,000 population

10 9 Incarceration Rate of Black Males Per 100,000 population South Africa Under Apartheid 851 United States Under Prohibition 6,667

11 10 How to Judge if Drug Policy Works 1. Drug prices increase 2. Drug potency decreases 3. Drug supply decreases 4. Drug use decreases 5. Overdose deaths decrease 6. Drug Prohibition murders decrease

12 11 Wholesale Cocaine Costs 60 % LESS

13 12 Wholesale Heroin Costs 70 % LESS

14 13 Drug purity increased from 1½ % in 1970 to 60 % today

15 14 Drug seizures went from Ounces in 1970 to Tons today

16 15 Drug seizures by 2002 Ten tons of Heroin Twenty tons of Cocaine

17 16 US Drug Users According to DEA 1965 = 4 million Two percent of that population Today = 112 million 46 percent of this population

18 17 Heroin Overdose Rate per 100,000 users 1979 = 28 Deaths 2000 = 141 Deaths

19 18 Money spent fighting the Drug War 1970 = $100 million Today = $70 billion

20 19 Yearly Arrests for Nonviolent Drug Offenses Increased From 415,000 in 1970 to 1.9 million Today

21 20 US Tax Dollars Spent Prosecuting the War on Drugs One Trillion

22 21 Cumulative U.S. Drug Arrests 1970 to Million Arrests

23 22 Percent of population addicted --Nothing has changed % When drugs legal 1.3 % When drugs illegal 1.3 % After 40 year war 1.3 % After 40 year war

24 23 Clearance Rates for Violent and Property Crimes Unsolved 40% of murders 60% of rapes & arsons 75% of robberies 90% of home Burglaries

25 Police Credited With solving 91 % of Murders Today 61 % of Murders

26 25 30 Percent Fewer Solved Murders Chasing nonviolent Drug Users

27 26 No Longer Protect us from VIOLENT Predators

28 27 How Has Prohibition Changed Drug Use in US Schools? School children report it is easier to buy illegal drugs than it is to buy beer or cigarettes

29 28 International Trade in Illicit Drugs Annually generates: $500 billion

30 29 Alternative Policy Solution Remove the profit motive continuously enhanced for 40 years by the United States policy of a WAR ON DRUGS

31 30 End Prohibition Legalize and Regulate All Drugs

32 31 Won’t legalization cause everyone to use drugs? National Zogby Poll If heroin and cocain were made legal would you try them? Less than 6/10 of one percent said Yes

33 32 Won’t legalization cause everyone to use drugs? In the Netherlands Marijuana use by tenth graders 28 %

34 33 Marijuana use by tenth graders in the United States 41 %

35 34 Drug and Violence Indicators - US and the Netherlands - Marijuana Use Lifetime prevalence 37% 17% USA Netherlands Heroin Use Lifetime prevalence 1.4% 0.4% USA Netherlands Homicide rate per 100,000 population USA Netherlands

36 35 Decreased by 25% drug use by 13 to 15 year oldsPortugal Decriminalized all drugs for adults in 2001

37 36 Decreased by 22% drug use by 16 to 18 year oldsPortugal

38 37 Decreased by 52% Heroin overdose deathsPortugal

39 38 Decreased by 71% HIV infections reported by drug usersPortugal

40 39 Results of treating heroin addiction with heroin Crime was cut by 60% AIDSandHEPATITIS dropped to the lowest of any countries in Europe 82 % DECLINE IN NEW HEROIN USERS! Not one Overdose Death since 1994

41 40 Does Education Work? 1985 United States 42% smoked tobacco 2003 United States Only 17% smoked tobacco

42 41 Albert Einstein on Prohibition The prestige of government has undoubtedly been lowered considerably by the Prohibition law. For nothing is more destructive of respect for the government and the law of the land than passing laws which cannot be enforced. enforced. It is an open secret that the dangerous increase of crime in this country is closely connected with this. Albert Einstein

43 42 Prohibition - When will we learn? Members of the Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform pose for a photograph in 1932 (courtesy of the Hagly Museum and Library, Wilmington, Delaware). We are having to relearn the same lesson today that they learned 69 years ago.

44 43 Prohibition - When will we learn? Members of the Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform pose for a photograph in 1932 (courtesy of the Hagly Museum and Library, Wilmington, Delaware). We are having to relearn the same lesson today that they learned 69 years ago. Save our Children Stamp Out Prohibition Members of the Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform

45 44 Save our Children Stamp Out Prohibition

46 45


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