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The Great Depression Sections Two and Three. Native Grasses & Sod Destroyed Land was ravaged for decades by humans Land was ravaged for decades by humans.

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Presentation on theme: "The Great Depression Sections Two and Three. Native Grasses & Sod Destroyed Land was ravaged for decades by humans Land was ravaged for decades by humans."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Great Depression Sections Two and Three

2 Native Grasses & Sod Destroyed Land was ravaged for decades by humans Land was ravaged for decades by humans Native grasses had sheltered the soil Native grasses had sheltered the soil But Sodbusters plowed up the native grasses to grow wheat & corn But Sodbusters plowed up the native grasses to grow wheat & corn Sod was so thick & wood was so scarce in the Great Plains that early settlers built their shelters by digging into the sod. Sod was so thick & wood was so scarce in the Great Plains that early settlers built their shelters by digging into the sod.

3 Sod Shelter

4 Drought & Dust Storms After decades of destroying the sod when the winds finally came all topsoil was removed After decades of destroying the sod when the winds finally came all topsoil was removed Imagine seeing a wall of black dust up to a 1000 ft high Imagine seeing a wall of black dust up to a 1000 ft high Dust storms like these plagued the Great Plains between Dust storms like these plagued the Great Plains between Together with the Gt. Depression 1000s of farmers were wiped out Together with the Gt. Depression 1000s of farmers were wiped out

5 Parched Land from Drought

6 Dust Storm

7 Impact of Dust Bowl

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9 Got Farm?

10 Farmers in Distress During 1920s – ’30s farm prices were falling During 1920s – ’30s farm prices were falling Falling prices kept farmers from paying their mortgages Falling prices kept farmers from paying their mortgages Many lost their farms to foreclosure Many lost their farms to foreclosure Penny Auctions took place in which friends bought the farm for a penny and then returned it to their friends Penny Auctions took place in which friends bought the farm for a penny and then returned it to their friends

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12 Tough Times Tough Times

13 The Okies Okies were farmers who lost everything and abandoned their fields in search of new opportunities Okies were farmers who lost everything and abandoned their fields in search of new opportunities Many came to CA where they worked for almost nothing Many came to CA where they worked for almost nothing Not welcome by most, harassed by law enforcement, sometimes turned away at the border. Not welcome by most, harassed by law enforcement, sometimes turned away at the border.

14 Okies Move West

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16 Tenant Farmers Hit Hard As fed’l gov paid subsidies to landowners not to grow products so prices would rise As fed’l gov paid subsidies to landowners not to grow products so prices would rise So landowners evicted tenant farmers off the land So landowners evicted tenant farmers off the land Subsidies given to landowners were then used to buy new technology which further reduced the need for farm hands or tenant farmers Subsidies given to landowners were then used to buy new technology which further reduced the need for farm hands or tenant farmers AA tenant farmers were hit disproportionately hard AA tenant farmers were hit disproportionately hard

17 Tenant Farmers on the move

18 Mexican-Americans Faced discrimination Faced discrimination 12,000 rounded up and deported to Mexico between ,000 rounded up and deported to Mexico between Even Mex-Americans faced discrimination Even Mex-Americans faced discrimination Many asked to be repatriated to Mexico Many asked to be repatriated to Mexico In Texas, 60% of all people of Mex descent returned to Mex by Jan 31 In Texas, 60% of all people of Mex descent returned to Mex by Jan 31

19 In the City By 1933 ¼ of all people were unemployed By 1933 ¼ of all people were unemployed AA lost their jobs first, followed by other minorities, then full time employees were asked to share their jobs with others AA lost their jobs first, followed by other minorities, then full time employees were asked to share their jobs with others People lost their homes, possessions People lost their homes, possessions Hoovervilles – temporary shelters Hoovervilles – temporary shelters Bread lines, soup kitchens Bread lines, soup kitchens Loss of hope Loss of hope

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21 Hooverville, USA

22 In the Family Men lost status and self-esteem due to inability to support the family Men lost status and self-esteem due to inability to support the family Women economized to keep families from starving & often took up home crafts Women economized to keep families from starving & often took up home crafts Women faced discrimination in professional jobs but kept the traditional female occupations such as clerical jobs Women faced discrimination in professional jobs but kept the traditional female occupations such as clerical jobs Hoboes – in search of jobs across the country & ashamed to return home many deserted their families Hoboes – in search of jobs across the country & ashamed to return home many deserted their families

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24 Growing up in the ’30s Psychological and spiritual depression as well as economic Psychological and spiritual depression as well as economic People avoided socializing because ashamed of torn clothes People avoided socializing because ashamed of torn clothes Young people put off getting married Young people put off getting married Married couples put off having children Married couples put off having children Undernourishment Undernourishment Lack of hope & faith led to deep despair Lack of hope & faith led to deep despair Left invisible scar Left invisible scar

25 Car Craze Continues Cars were status symbols Cars were status symbols Car shows continued to draw 1000s Car shows continued to draw 1000s Tourism increased during the ’30s Tourism increased during the ’30s Auto industry continued to grow Auto industry continued to grow

26 Electricity Transforms the Home The appliance revolution begun in the ’20s continued thru the ’30s. The appliance revolution begun in the ’20s continued thru the ’30s. Made possible by gov programs that brought electricity to all regions Made possible by gov programs that brought electricity to all regions Household chores became easier Household chores became easier

27 Escape through Entertainment Double feature matinee Double feature matinee Talkies Talkies Easy escape Easy escape Ornate theatres Ornate theatres Color film Color film Gone With the Wind allowed people to escape Gone With the Wind allowed people to escape m people went to moves during average week in the ’30s m people went to moves during average week in the ’30s

28 Golden Age of Radio Radio was a piece of furniture which served as the visual focus & entertainment center in the home Radio was a piece of furniture which served as the visual focus & entertainment center in the home 10 m radios in 1929; 30 m by m radios in 1929; 30 m by 1939 Mass media featured soap operas, quiz shows, children’s programming such as Superman, Lone Ranger Mass media featured soap operas, quiz shows, children’s programming such as Superman, Lone Ranger Evenings featured comedy and variety shows or dramatic presentations Evenings featured comedy and variety shows or dramatic presentations

29 First National Form of Entertainment

30 Literature & the Arts Literature such as the Grapes of Wrath – John Steinbeck Literature such as the Grapes of Wrath – John Steinbeck Art - American Gothic – Grant Wood Art - American Gothic – Grant Wood Documentary photography Documentary photography All these artistic forms sought to portray the Gr Depression as it really was. All these artistic forms sought to portray the Gr Depression as it really was.

31 American Gothic – Grant Wood

32 Grapes of Wrath – John Steinbeck

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34 The End


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