The KEY Debate Federal Power vs. State Power Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans
FEDERALISTS vs. DEMOCRATIC- REPUBLICANS -Led by Hamilton (Washington, Adams) -Strong Central Gov’t -LOOSE Interpretation of Constitution Not Trust Average Citizen Reserve Democracy Elite Educated w/Power -Fear Anarchy -Favor National Bank -Favor Britain and Trade -Led by Jefferson (Madison) -Strong State Govt’s -STRICT Interp. of Const. Trust Average Citizen Expand Democracy Power to the People -Fear Tyranny -Oppose National Bank Favor France and Revolution
Washington Chosen to be 1 st President John Adams is VP Jefferson is Sec. of State Hamilton is Sec. of Treasury
Jefferson and Dem-Rep’s happy and supportive of revolution – ousted tyranny Hamilton and Federalists cautious as war will disrupt American trade Feds support England (order) / Dem-R support France (liberty) Will USA get drawn into war??? Who is supposed to be our ally???
“The Reign of Terror” in France 16,000 – 40,000 French executed by Guillotine France plunges into war with England for 20 years England and France begin seizing US ships GW stays neutral French Citizen Genet in USA tying to recruit Americans to fight England!!!
Nursery Rhyme!!! “Jack and Jill went up the hill to fetch a pail of water. Jack fell down and broke his crown, And Jill came tumbling after.” The roots of the story, or poem, of Jack and Jill are in France. The Jack and Jill referred to are said to be the beheaded King Louis XVI - Jack -who was beheaded (lost his crown) followed by his Queen Marie Antoinette - Jill - (who came tumbling after). The words and lyrics to the Jack and Jill poem were made more acceptable as a story for children. The actual beheadings occurred in during the Reign of Terror in 1793.
Washington’s Farewell Address Leaves after 2 Terms (precedent) Warns against “entangling alliances” Don’t get sucked into foreign affairs!
ELECTION of 1796 Federalist VP Adams Beats D-REP. Jefferson (Becomes new VP) Adams very qualified, but has a miserable Presidency (how do you follow GW?) – XYZ Affair – War with France??? – Alien & Sedition Acts – VA & KY Resolutions
Adams Quote “No man who ever held the office of President would congratulate a friend on obtaining it.” Nickname: “His Rotundity”
IMPRESSMENT??? France (and England) raiding our trade ships and kidnapping sailors NEUTRAL RIGHTS!!! Adams sends diplomats to negotiate with France (mad over Jay’s Treaty) Ambassadors “X,Y,Z” demand a bribe to even talk with the USA
USA screaming for War with France (even Republicans) Federalists happy to smash France and solidify trade with Britain Adams does not bite – stays out of war – Does create the Navy Dept. and builds it up Public fiercely criticizes him (will cost him re-election) – Prove Fed. Case of who should lead??? Adams wants to put down domestic opposition
Alien and Sedition Acts Forbids citizens from criticizing the Gov’t Expel any “aliens” dangerous to the security of the USA Why is this bad??? – Limiting Free Speech (1 st Amendment!!!) Should this stand???
Dem-Rep’s Respond Jefferson and Madison write the VA and KY Resolutions States can nullify acts/laws of the Federal Gov’t that are Unconstitutional WHY??? HOW??? “Doctrine of Nullification” is born and will haunt USA for years to come But who should decide??? Who is trying to take back some power??? – Compact Theory: States in USA