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Digital Ecosystem Research creating the conditions for Innovation Ecosystems Francesco Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Head.

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Presentation on theme: "Digital Ecosystem Research creating the conditions for Innovation Ecosystems Francesco Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Head."— Presentation transcript:

1 Digital Ecosystem Research creating the conditions for Innovation Ecosystems Francesco Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Head of Sector “Technologies for Digital Ecosystems” London LSE OPAALS kick-off

2 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 2 of 22 Originally developed in “ICT for Business networking” (in SME area) Change of organisational structure (among enterprises), towards global networked economy Transition towards the networked knowledge-economy SMEs : a weakness or a potential for Europe ? Dynamic and complex business interrelations More knowledge Continuous innovation More specialised resources But SME companies have limited specialised resources and difficulties To access to global value chains To access to knowledge To access to specific services (e.g. legal) To adopt new technologies (ICT) To adopt new and distributed business models and work organisations Threshold Size and 2 Divides : Geographical + SMEs vs. LEs) Digital Business Ecosystems SMEs But the only hope for a SMEs is to become BIG?

3 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 3 of 22 SMEs in a Dynamic knowledge-based globally-networked economy Growth Node Business EcosystemIndustrial District Virtual cluster How to reach the critical mass of resources ? How to cope with the increased complexity ?

4 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 4 of 22 Complexity and new forms of organisation “… the actual slowly changing network of organizations will be replaced by more fluid, amorphous and often transitory structures based in alliances, partnership and collaborations”... “…building global dynamic communities that share business, knowledge and infrastructures, develop creativity” Peculiarities of the EU economical structure Dimensions of enterprises (SMEs vs. LE) Historical presence of clusters with diffused tacit unstructured knowledge, skills and infrastructure Cultural diversity (services, ideas, but also model of business, approaches, practices, …), leading to creativity But do we have to copy the “best practices” of others ? Turn diversity & peculiarities in competitive advantage

5 Evolution in the impact of ICT-adoption and in the complexity of the enabling infrastructures: Increased dynamicity and complexity in business networking Key role of knowledge (knowl. on biz/soc./econ. aspects) Increased sophistication of ICT infrastructure SMEs

6 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 6 of 22 Turn Peculiarities into Competitive Advantages Shift of paradigm Engineers: “problem solving” approach: isolate problem, identify variables, make a plan … Economy as machine Complexity: Ecosystemic approach: Economy as ecosystem From building a machine --> nutruring a garden From “engineer approach” --> “ecosystemic approach” From making a plan --> creating the conditions Diversity is a value. Critical mass of creative ideas, activities. To include in the global creation/production process the excluded [ capacity building + infrastructures ] - technology->socio-economic needs Processes: Interpretation - Partecipation - Collaboration - Harmonis. of interests Plurality and richness of: economic actors, subjects, ideas, interactions, models, aggregation

7 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 7 of 22 The Business Ecosystem Create a climate conductive to innovation and development: the conditions for –Developing new economic activities –Attracting / developing new ideas and biz/org models –Attracting / developing capital and human capital Service & technical Infrastructure Business & financial conditions Human capital, knowledge and practices Governance regulations & industrial policy How to create a favourable environment for business and people: a socio-economic eco- system Which industrial policy ? Which infrastructure ? (material / immaterial )

8 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 8 of 22 The digital ecosystem How to provide business networking services, adapted to local needs ? How to transfer and disseminate knowledge ? How to enable synergies and business networking ? How to represent services, but also micro- and macro-economy (from semantic of web to semantic of economy) ? ICT ecosystem-oriented architecture Diffused + Digitalised knowledge affordable ICT services Policy governance, actors’ involvement [adaptation] How to create a common ICT infrastructure that allows digital components to exhibit behaviour of natural ecosystems? Integrated scalable approach intermediate results

9 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 9 of 22 The Digital Ecosystem, the carrier for services and ideas enabling seamless discovering and networking Pictures courtesy from DBE project Who owns it? What does it contain? What‘s the destination? What I offer Which is the revenue model ? Owner Serial-ID Check-ID Country ISO Ident

10 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 10 of 22 ICTs catalyse improve New organizational and business models; knowledge & skills Policy supports The Innovation Ecosystems: An integrated approach for development “Digital Ecosystem Infrastructure” Derivative work from P.Dini - London School of Economics to reduce the digital divides - among regions -among SME and LE to foster local economic growth and innovation; new forms of dynamic business interactions, enabled by new paradigms and digital ecosystem technologies; embedded knowledge enabled by capacity building instruments Growth Competitiveness, market & internal efficiency Cooperation & innovation networks improve lead to encourage provide resources Ecosystem- -oriented infrastructure make viable shape & foster supports support Bio-Paradigms enhances

11 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 11 of 22 What is a Digital Ecosystem ? THE DIGITAL ECOSYSTEM is a pervasive “digital environment” that supports the business ecosystems which formalise/represents micro- and macro- economic offers/relationships that evolves / adapts to local conditions with the evolution of its components THE “SOFT” SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE, WHICH MEDIATES and REPRESENTS SERVICES & INFORMATION (knowledge) EMPOWERING THE NETWORKING AND THEIR SHARING architecture / structure

12 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 12 of 22 What is represented in a Digital Ecosystem ? software components, applications, services, knowledge, business processes and models, training modules, trust relationships, contractual frameworks, laws and hopefully a mixture of all these formalised knowledge ANY USEFUL REPRESENTATION, EXPRESSED IN A LANGUAGE (formal or natural), DIGITALISED AND LAUNCHED ON THE NET, WHICH CAN BE PROCESSED (by computers and/or humans) Repres. of service: biz model rev. model comp. model ref. to Ontology

13 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 13 of 22 The layers of the innovation ecosystem Derivative work from Salzburg Technical University Economy (business ecosystem) Structural coupling ICT (digital ecosystem) Digital ecosystem: an o-s, public, distributed, pervasive environm. - transport, identification, sharing, match (services, knowledge) - embedding knowledge, biz rules, revenue models, ontology... - spontaneous evolution, adaptation / composition of services, digital content and sw components (from SOA to EOA)

14 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 14 of 22 ICT-SME Inputs Digital (ICT) Services Digital Ecosystem (1) Dynamic aggregation of ICT-services ICT service Rules, models, context Aggregated Complex, personalised, ICT-services Needs of ICT solutions, Profile of users, of ICT needs DE structural services* Digital Ecosystem infrastrucutre DE structural services, e.g. Accounting Billing Authentication Reputation Decentralized Data Storage Fitness data

15 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 15 of 22 SME Offers 2.Final Services Digital Ecosystem (2) Dynamic aggregation of final services (and SMEs) ICT serviceICT productICT service Rules, models, context Aggregated Complex, personalised, Services / Solutions Needs of ICT services, solutions, profile of providers, profile of users Digital Ecosystem infrastructure 1.Networks of SME DEstructural services* Digital Services, applications To manage the process - ICT district + - Sectorial district

16 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 16 of 22 Layers & facets of the digital ecosystem (identified in 2002)

17 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 17 of 22 Ecosystem Evolution st Paper - 1st cycle of Workshops 2003 Start 1st project IP-DBE 10M€ nd Cycle Workshops ; Position Paper “Research Vision 2010” July 2005 Int’l Summer School - European Digital business ecosystem Nov 2005 WSIS - Int’l interest for EU models (Latinamerica - India) 2006 Cluster EU projects 35M€ ; 2006 New science: start NoE on Ecosystems OPAALS End 2006 Initial governance structures - Multi-stakeholder consultation process Feb 2007 IEEE Dig.Ecosys. Conference (pls. submit) Mid Digital ecosys. pilot regions : Aragon, WMidland, Tampere, Estremadura, Prov.TN, Lazio, Piemonte, Baden-Württenberg, …]+ Kanpur

18 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 18 of 22 Local Business Ecosystem co-funded by DBE project Local Business Ecosystem joined as new pilot Potential future take-up local ecosystems Digital Ecosystem pilot regions (at June 2005)

19 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 19 of 22 Cluster of DE Projects

20 new forms of dynamic networked co-operative business processes, digital eco-systems in particular for small- and medium-sized organisations; optimised, distributed work organisation and collaborative work environments such as knowledge sharing and interactive services (e.g. for tourism). DE in FP7: Objectives, Main Themes ICT Technology Pillars e.g. Software, Grids, security and dependability Integration of Technologies Applications Research providing the knowledge and the means to develop a wide range of ICT-based services and applications “To enable EU to master and shape the future developments of ICT so that the demands of its society and economy are met”

21 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 21 of 22

22 Francesco.Nachira European Commission DG Information Society and Media Unit D5 : ICT for Enterprise Networking Kick-off of OPAALS NoE London School of Economics London, 30 June # 22 of 22 More information on


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