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ECCO-2 and NASA Satellite Missions Lee-Lueng Fu Jet Propulsion Laboratory January 22-23, ECCO-2 Meeting.

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Presentation on theme: "ECCO-2 and NASA Satellite Missions Lee-Lueng Fu Jet Propulsion Laboratory January 22-23, ECCO-2 Meeting."— Presentation transcript:

1 ECCO-2 and NASA Satellite Missions Lee-Lueng Fu Jet Propulsion Laboratory January 22-23, ECCO-2 Meeting

2 A snapshot of sea surface height anomalies from T/P and ERS altimeters

3 SSH wavenumber spectra (Ducet et al. 2000) T/P along- track T/P-ERS mapped T/P mapped Overlapping at 150 km Spatial scales of the AVISO T/P-ERS merged data

4 Small-scale Variability of the Ocean Unresolved by Nadir-looking Altimeter 100 km ground tracks of Jason (thick) and T/P (thin) Tandem Mission 100 km scale eddies resolvable by WSOA 10 km scale eddies Resolvable by HM

5 41.9º N 42.5º N < 10 km Coastal currents have scales less than 10 km < 10 km Observations made by ADCP offshore from the US West Coast T. Strub  h ~ 5 cm  v ~ 50 cm/sec

6 McWilliams (2006) Sub-mesoscale variability Sub-mesoscale processes are poorly observed but important to the understanding of the dissipation mechanism of ocean circulation. Radius of deformation

7 Altimetry SSH wavenumber spectrum Wavenumber (cycles/km) Power density (cm 2 /cycles/km) Noise level of HM for 2 cm measurement noise at 2 km resolution Jason pass 132 (147 cycle average) Stammer (1997) T/P ? ? Much reduced noise floor will enable the study of the spectrum at sub-mesoscales which have not been well resolved from existing data.

8  = 1cm/km (or 0.4 cm/7km)  = 2cm/2km (or 1 cm/7km)  = 2cm/7km For the three cases, velocity error is reduced from 7.8 to 3.6, 1.3 cm/sec at 25 km resolution; or 27, 15, 5 cm/sec at 10 km resolution Wavenumber (cyc/km) Velocity error (cm/s )2/ cyc/km Geostrophic velocity error spectrum km k -2 spectrum

9 A Global Hydrosphere Mapper A SAR interferometry radar altimeter Near-global coverage with 16-day repeat orbit Same technique as WSOA – radar interferometry Use of SAR to enhance the along-track resolution 2 cm measurement precision at 2 km resolution 1 micro-radian precision in mean sea surface slope at 2 km resolution No data gap near the coast Number of Observation

10 Wide swath altimetry has been proposed as a surface water and ocean topography (SWOT) mission and favorably endorsed by the NRC Decadal Survey for a possible new mission in the time frame of


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