Presentation on theme: "The Natural Sciences Sector 2006-2007 Biennium New UNESCO National Commission Secretaries-General Walter Erdelen, Assistant Director-General, Natural Sciences."— Presentation transcript:
The Natural Sciences Sector 2006-2007 Biennium New UNESCO National Commission Secretaries-General Walter Erdelen, Assistant Director-General, Natural Sciences Sector Paris, 26 February 2007
Major Programme II - Natural Sciences Programme II.1 : Sciences, Environment and Sustainable Development Programme II.2 : Capacity Building in Science and Technology for Sustainable Development
Natural Sciences Water and Associated Ecosystems Oceans Capacity building in basic and engineering sciences Natural resources, disaster, renewable energy Principal Priority
Programme Budget 2006-07 Total Science Sector US$ 56 Million TOTAL UNESCO programme budget 2006-07 US$ 610 Million US$ 554 Million
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Coastal Regions & Small Islands Project (SC/CSI) OFFICE OF THE ADG Coordination & Evaluation (SC/EO/UCE) Strategic Partnership & Information (SC/EO/SPI) Administration (SC/EO/AO) EXECUTIVE OFFICE (SC/EO) NATURAL SCIENCES SECTOR (SC) - HQ 32 C/5 Current Status Disaster Reduction (SC/GEO/DIS) DIVISION OF BASIC & ENGINEERING SCIENCES (SC/BES) Office of the Director Basic Sciences Disaster Reduction and Renewable Energy Capacity Building and Science & Engineering Education DIVISION OF SCIENCE ANALYSIS & POLICIES (SC/AP) Office of the Director Science Policy Studiies (SC/AP/PS) S & T Strategic Planning and Evaluation (SC/AP/PE) Science Systems Management (SC/AP/SM) DIVISION OF ECOLOGICAL AND EARTH SCIENCES (SC/EES) Office of the Director MAB Secretariat Ecological Sciences and Biodiversity Biosphere Networks and Capacity Building Global Earth Observation Section IGCP Secretariat DIVISION OF WATER SCIENCES (SC/HYD) Office of the Director IHP Secretariat Hydrological Processes & Climate Sustainable Water Resource Systems Global Water Assessment … towards 33 C/5 DIVISION OF SCIENCE POLICY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SC/SPSD) Office of the Director Science and Technology Policy Coastal Regions and Small Islands DESD Co-ordination Studies, Publications & Outreach Information and Coordination (SC/EO/IC) Administration (SC/EO/AO) OFFICE OF THE ADG Executive Office (SC/EO) Information and Coordination (SC/EO/IC) Administration SC/EO/AO Towards 33 C/5
Natural Sciences Sector Communications Strategy Quarterly newsletter A World of Science Periodic UNESCO Science Report and thematic reports Science in Africa booklet for AU Summit New historical publication : Sixty Years of Science at UNESCO: 1945 to 2005 New strategy being implemented
Main objective: to enhance understanding of hydrological processes occurring in nature and society to develop a sustainable approach to water resources management International Decade for Action: Water for Life 2005-2015 Houses Secretariat for International Hydrological Programme (IHP) Houses World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) Secretariat Hydrology for the Environment, Life and Policy (HELP) Flow Regimes from International Experimental Network Data (FRIEND) UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education (Category I) 12 Category II Centres around the world Water Sciences
Postgraduate Education, Training and Capacity Building in Water, Environment and Infrastructure International Hydrological Programme The first Category 1 Water Centre Without sufficient qualified professionals to manage water resources and to address water challenges, any other investment is at risk
Evolving Operational Proposed Demonstration N Europe AMHY S. Africa Asian Pacific HKH AOC Nile AMIGO IHP cross-cutting Programmes, FRIEND and HELP HELP: Hydrology for the Environment, Life and Policy FRIEND: Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data
Secretariat for Man and the Biosphere (MAB) programme Operational tool is the World Network of Biosphere Reserves – 507 sites in 102 countries (including Transboundary Biosphere Reserves) Biosphere reserves - living laboratories for sustainable development and learning sites including about climate change, for the UN DESD MAB Young Scientists Awards Great Apes Survival Project (GRASP) Sustainability and Capacity Building Regional Post-graduate Training School on Integrated Management of Tropical Forests (ERAIFT) Ecological Sciences
Biosphere reserves are sites which seek to reconcile socioeconomic development, and conservation of biodiversity based on local community efforts and sound science.
Earth Sciences Secretariat of the International Geoscience Programme (IGCP) Geological Applications of Remote Sensing Programme (GARS) Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Remote sensing for conservation of World Heritage sites and biosphere reserves through the Open Initiative Space education to enhance and popularize science
Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Third Summit 17 February 2005, Brussels Approved of the Plan for the creation of a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) over the period of 2005-2015. UNESCO takes a lead role in promoting partnerships and in building indigenous capacities for improving geohazard, water cycle, ecological and biodiversity in situ and space-based observations, which are essential components of the implementation of GEOSS.
UNESCO has partnerships through the Open Iniative with space agencies to help World Heritage Convention sites Help to Developing Countries: Satellite monitoring of World Heritage sites Capacity-building View from 700 km altitude of the Great Pyramid at Giza
Several Projects Underway GPS-compatible maps for World Heritage sites in Central Africa Monitoring the conservation status of Iguazu/Iguaçu National Parks (Argentina/Brazil) Landslides at Machu Picchu: satellites can detect earth movement before landslides
- Global Ocean Observing Systems (GOOS) - Tsunami Warning Systems in the Pacific, Indian Oceans, and Mediterranean and European and Caribbean Seas - Building a Global Ocean Hazard Warning System - Marine Science Leadership Capacity Building - Access to Ocean Data and Information (IODE) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission UN Focal Point for Oceans
=> To DETECT AND VERIFY => To ALERT => To be PREPARED Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Tsunami : Early Warning Systems To provide and co-ordinate end-to-end systems Together with other UN partners
- Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) Global network of 65 ocean data centres ODINAFRICA: access to oceanographic data for 25 Member States Caribbean and South America, Indian Ocean, European Countries in Economic Transition
Basic & Engineering Sciences International Basic Sciences Programme (IBSP) Capacity building in science and engineering, including the UNESCO-L’OREAL Prizes and Fellowships for Women in Science International Centre of Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) Natural disasters Renewable energy
A new platform for international co-operation Background : World Conference on Science (WCS, Budapest 1999) Science Agenda – Framework for Action / A comprehensive consensus identified Strengthening national capacities Sharing and transfer of knowledge through training Improving science education and public awareness of science S&T capacity building through networking International Basic Sciences Programme (IBSP)
Other priorities of UNESCO include promoting capacity building in engineering and the application of engineering and technology to address the MDGs and the promotion of a culture of maintenance. Activities include: – engineering education and training, standards and accreditation – curricula and teaching materials, distance and interactive learning – engineering for poverty reduction and sustainable development – policy, public understanding, gender issues and ethics of engineering Recent workshop activities and publications include: Engineering Education and Sustainable Development, Beijing 2006 “Small is Working: Technology for Poverty Reduction” “Technology Business Incubation” toolkit on innovation “Gender Indicators in Science, Engineering and Technology” Engineering Sciences
Renewable Energy Guiding Considerations Regional consultations & national priorities Recommendations of WSSD, JPOI and CSD Contribution to UN-Energy Renewable Energy Strategy Promote RE in addressing developmental issues and MDG’s Human & institutional capacity building – GREET Programme activities Dissemination of scientific knowledge and technology Policy advice and definition of national strategies Support to pilot initiatives to enhance field knowledge Advocacy for energy diversification and efficiency Conference at Ministerial level (Kazakhstan 2006, UNESCO/RussianFederation at HQ 2007, etc.)
UNESCO'S Role: knowledge and education for natural disaster reduction Identification of Hazards and Risks Monitoring of hazards, hazard mapping, risk assessment Promotion of Preventive and Mitigation Measures Promotion of early warning systems Training of engineers for design of buildings to resist disasters Educating and raising awareness for disaster preparedness - school children, decision-makers Guidelines for the protection of school buildings and cultural sites Natural Disaster Reduction an interdisciplinary approach
Science Policy and Sustainable Development Capacity-building in science policy formulation –Regional Level NEPAD, Balkans, Caribbean –Country level Nigeria, Congo, Senegal, Mozambique, Mongolia, etc. University Industry Partnership (UNISPAR) Women, science & technology –UNESCO Science Report on Gender Ethics of Science : A special study UNESCO Science Prizes
Priority Actions Governance of the national science, technology and innovation systems Capacity-building for planning development programmes Investment programmes for poverty reduction Financing science and technology NEPAD
African Union Summit UNESCO participation in the African Union Summit Addis Ababa, January 2007 Actively participated in the development and lead-up to the AU Summit (AMOCOST meetings, etc.) The NEPAD plan for S&T became Africa’s S&T Consolidated Plan of Action Consolidated inputs of the UN Cluster in favour of NEPAD Produced Science in Africa booklet Director-General gave keynote speech (science governance and policy, science ethics, marine and water issues highlighted)
Assist over 40 Small Island Member States and Associate Members towards sustainable human development by: Implementing the Mauritius Strategy on Small Islands Developing States Enhancing the viability and resilience of small island communities Elaborating wise practices to strengthen coastal communities Mobilising Youth action for sustainable communities Educating for sustainable island living Sharing and transferring of wise practices through Global and youth internet forums to foster 'science for society' communication. Coastal and Small Islands
Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems Promoting equity in biodiversity governance through partnerships among indigenous knowledge- holders, scientists and resource managers. Enhancing the dynamism of indigenous knowledge within local communities by reinforcing its inter-generational transmission.
The Natural Sciences Sector and the National Commissions: working together Nat Comms can help deliver UNESCO programmes at home—act as extension for decentralization Nat Comms can suggest ideas for SC activities. Example: New Zealand suggested working on SD from a local perspective in the Pacific, leading to other regional SD studies Nat Comms can collaborate with SC, example: Canada, Sweden, USA, others to work on exhibition at next General Conference on Planet Earth Nat Comms are our link to subject experts and relevant institutions in-country
UNESCO National Commissions – Walter Erdelen, ADG/SC Thank you for attention Большое спасибо شكرًا جدًّا Thank you Merci Gracias Xié xie ni men
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