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Pauline Literature Fr. Chris Shocklee, MA. Syllabus Course: Pauline Writings Instructor: Fr. Chris Shocklee, MA – Contact info Texts Objectives Assignments.

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Presentation on theme: "Pauline Literature Fr. Chris Shocklee, MA. Syllabus Course: Pauline Writings Instructor: Fr. Chris Shocklee, MA – Contact info Texts Objectives Assignments."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pauline Literature Fr. Chris Shocklee, MA

2 Syllabus Course: Pauline Writings Instructor: Fr. Chris Shocklee, MA – Contact info Texts Objectives Assignments & Grades Short Papers (next slide)

3 Short Papers 1-2 pages Format – Introduction – When and to whom? – Relationship to audience – Context of passage/pericope – Explain its meaning (exegesis) – Apply its meaning Sources – texts for the course Topics Note: Choice of Passage (encouraged not required)

4 Course Format Part 1 - Overview of Pauline Letters Part 2 - More Thorough Analysis of Ephesians

5 Topics for the Day Biography of St. Paul Introduction to Pauline Letters 1 st Thessalonians Galatians Introduction of Ephesians – Authorship, Date, & Community

6 Biography – Paul of Tarsus Birth – Saul of Tarsus – Born first decade A.D. – Jewish – tribe of Benjamin (same tribe as King Saul) Pharisee “Hebrew” (speaking) – Roman Citizen by Birth (Tarsus) Greek Speaking Tarsus – Mark Antony & Augustus grant citizenship – City of Education

7 Youthful Years – Youth Educated by Gamaliel (Acts 22:3) in Jerusalem – Gamaliel – member of the Sanhedrin (Acts 5:34ff) » School of Hillel (Pharisee) – (Other famous Gamaliel at Jamnia) Still quotes the OT via the LXX – First Recorded Christian encounter Martyrdom of St. Stephen (Acts 7:58ff) – A recognized Teacher Authority for legal decisions (Acts 9:1-2, 22:4-5, 26:12) Probably not officially a Rabbi (unmarried) (NJBC) – though possibly widowed

8 Conversion Conversion (Acts 9:1-19, 22:5-16, 26:12-18) Road to Damscus – Bright Light – “Why are you persecuting Me?” – Left Blind Damascus – Ananias » Vocation to the Gentiles Withdraws to Arabia (Gal 1:17) Begins to Preach in Damascus – Has to escape (Acts 9:23-25)

9 Mission Begins Missionary years – Spends time with “Cephas”/ “Peter” (Gal 1:18) – Circa 46 AD sent with Barnabas and begins to be called Paul (through remainder of Acts) (Acts 13:2,9) – Saul/Paul Hebrew/Gentile name Name for family / Name for outside (Gentile) world Paul = Gentile name (mission to the Gentiles) Change of name = change of mission in OT & NT

10 1 st Missionary Journey

11 Begins and ends in Antioch Timeframe 46-49 AD (est.) Perga – Parting with John Mark Stoned to death in Iconium Cured a cripple in Lystra Large response of the Gentiles (Acts 14:27) Question raised: Need you be Jewish to be Christian? – Antioch (Peter vs Paul) (Gal 2:11-2) 49 AD – Leads to Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:1-11) 49 AD

12 2 nd Missionary Journey

13 Going out further (AD 50-52) Sets out with Silas Joined by Timothy at Lystra (Acts 16:1ff) First convert in Philippi – Lydia (Acts 16:14f) Imprisoned for exorcising “spirit of divination” (Acts 16:16ff) Athens – Philosophers – unmoved Corinth (more than a year) (Acts 18:1ff)

14 3 rd Missionary Journey

15 Circa 54 – 58 AD Asia Minor Ephesus (two years) (Acts 19:4ff) Writes 1 st Corinthians Those making idols run him out of Ephesus (Acts 19:23ff) (silversmiths) 2 nd Corinthians, Romans Heads to Jerusalem to help suffering Christians Ephesus on the way

16 Imprisonment Rescued by Romans from Jewish crowd(Acts 21:27ff) Sanhedrin (Pharisees vs Sadducees) (Acts 22:30ff) Roman citizenship rights – trial in Caesarea – Felix (two years in prison, circa 58 – 60 AD) – Porcius Festus (successor), Paul appeals to Caesar – Sent to Rome Rome – House arrest for years – Writes many of his letters – Possibly released for a time to be rearrested – Probably beheaded around 67 AD under Nero – Burial spot is where St. Paul-Outside-the-Walls now is

17 Pauline Letters Romans 1 st & 2 nd Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1 st & 2 nd Thessalonians 1 st & 2 nd Timothy Titus Philemon (Hebrews)

18 1 st Thessalonians Earliest NT writing – AD 50 – 51 (When in Paul’s Life?) Who are the Thessalonians – Thessalonica – trade city – Church founded by Paul, Silvanus, & Timothy (2 nd MJ) Forced out of the city by Jews Timothy came back to follow up – Majority were Gentiles Format of Letter – Greeting – Shared Memory & Purpose of the Letter – Exhortation – Conclusion/Farewell

19 Chapter 1 1:1 “in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace.” Thanksgiving – “your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope” (faith, love, hope) – Turning away from Idols Conversion

20 Chapters 2 & 3 Paul’s time in Thessalonica – “not as the word of men but as what it really is, the word of God” (2:13) – Time cut short – “For you are our glory and joy” Timothy’s Report – “I sent that I might know your faith, for fear that somehow the tempter had tempted you and that our labor would be in vain” (3:5) Blessing 3:11ff

21 Chapter 4 Purity, Love, & Labor – 4:3f “For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from immorality; that each one of you know how to control his own body* in holiness and honor” – 4:6 “wrong his brother” – 4:9-12 – loving and working to earn respect of outsiders Coming of the Lord – Why were they concerned? – “God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep” 4:14 – Continues into Chapter 5, why?

22 Chapter 5 Coming of the Lord (cont.) – 5:1 – “the times and the seasons” – 5:2 – “the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night” – 5:5 – “sons of the light and sons of the day” – 5:8 – “breastplate of faith and love, and for a helmet the hope of salvation” – 5:11 – “encourage one another and build one another up” Final Exhortation & Blessing – 5:16ff “Rejoice always, pray constantly, give thanks in all circumstances” – 5:23 “may your spirit and soul and body be kept sound and blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ” – 5:26 “Greet all the brethren with a holy kiss” – 5:28 “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.”

23 Galatians Early to mid 50’s AD Galatian – ethnic and territorial term Format (commentators disagree) (ICSB:NT) – Introduction 1:1-9 – Paul’s Apostolic Authority (1:10-2:21) – Paul’s Apostolic Gospel (3:1-4:31) – Christian Life & Liberty (5:1-6:10) – Conclusion (6:11-18)

24 Chapter 1 Introduction – 1:1 – “Paul an apostle” – 1:3 – “Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ” – 1:6 – “I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and turning to a different gospel” What’s missing from 1 st Thessalonians? What kind of tone does this set? – 1:9 – “If any one is preaching to you a gospel contrary to that which you received, let him be accursed.” Paul an Apostle – 1:12 – “I did not receive it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came through a revelation of Jesus Christ” – 1:16f – “to reveal his Son to me” – “went away into Arabia” – 1:18 – “went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas” (Mt 16:18) Why see Cephas?

25 Chapter 2 2:1ff – the Gospel as open to the Gentiles – 2:10 “only they would have us remember the poor” – 2:11ff – Paul & Peter at Antioch – 2:15ff – “We ourselves … who know that a man is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ” – (Joint Declaration on Justification) – 2:21 “if justification were through the law, then Christ died to no purpose”

26 Paul’s Apostolic Gospel Chapter 3 3:1 – “O Foolish Galatians” 3:6 – “Abraham ‘believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness’” 3:19 – “Why then the law?” 3:24 – “So that the law was our custodian until Christ came, that we might be justified by faith” 3:27 – “For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ” – Faith & Baptism? 3:28 – neither Jew nor Greek, slave/free, male/female – “you are all one in Christ Jesus”

27 Chapter 4 We were children under the Law – What is the Law? NT usage: Law & Prophets? – OT in light of the NT 4:5 – “so that we might receive adoption as sons.” 4:7 – “So through God you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son then an heir.” 4:21ff – Hagar & Sarah – who? What? Why?

28 Chapter 5 5:1 – “Christ has set us free; stand fast therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery.” 5:6 – “For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is of any avail, but faith working through love.” 5:12 – “I wish those who unsettle you would mutilate themselves” 5:13 – “only do not use your freedom as an opportunity for the flesh, but through love be servants of one another” 5:15 – “but if you bite and devour one another take heed that you are not consumed by one another.” – (to chew/tear flesh) 5:16ff – Flesh vs Spirit

29 Chapter 6 6:9 – “let us not grow weary in well-doing, for in due season we shall reap, if we do not lose heart.” 6:11ff – “I am writing to you with my own hand” 6:18 – “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, brethren”

30 Ephesians Catholic Commentary on Sacred Scripture – Midlevel commentary – Not heavy academic, not just reflection either Heavier Commentaries – The Navarre Bible, Sacra Pagina, New Jerome Biblical Commentary, Anchor Bible Commentary

31 Authorship Principle: The held opinion holds weight – Burden of proof lies with those presenting a new view of authorship / dating Questions raised: differences in vocabulary, style, and theology Answers to these questions: use of scribes and Paul’s own educated background (see CCSS website) Held opinion – St. Paul Significance of the argument – effects on Interpretation and Protestant view of authority

32 Paul’s Relationship to the Community Three years (Acts 20:31) 4 th Largest city in Roman Empire – Artemis – main deity – Among others – Significant Jewish Community Paul begins with the Jewish Community – why? Significance of Paul having success with those practicing magic? (Acts 19:19)

33 Ephesians Not just those in Ephesus – Region around as well Circular letter (encyclical) Jews & Gentiles Addresses the Gentiles particularly

34 Format Ch 1 – Greeting Ch 1 – 3 – Content of Faith (indicative) Ch 4 – 6 – Advice & Exhortation (imperative) Ch 6 – Conclusion

35 Themes Christ – who He is, what He has done Union with Christ –past, present, future connection to Christ Christian Identity – Identity before / Identity after Holy & Righteous conduct (define Holy? Righteous?) – Living the faith The Church – Church as universal, Church as Christ’s body

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