Presentation on theme: "Author of The Great Gatsby"— Presentation transcript:
1 Author of The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald ( )Author of The Great Gatsby
2 Fitzgerald Bio. ( )Born Frances Scott Key Fitzgerald (after distant relative) in St. Paul, Minnesota; Midwesterner whose family had social pretensions, but not enough money; charm and good looks; traveled in best social circles; aware of gap in wealthAttended Princeton moved East; popular; wrote for drama societySpent time in military; met and fell in love with Southern belle Zelda Sayre in Montgomery, ALLived poor life in East trying to be successful writer
3 Bio. cont’d.First novel (This Side of Paradise) in March 1920 (Age 24), made him famous almost overnight at 24; voice of young people; earns large sums for short stories
4 F. Scott & ZeldaEngaged to Zelda Sayre when he had a potentially successful novelZelda broke off their engagement, unwilling to live on a small salary.A week after This Side of Paradise published, Zelda married him in New York.
5 F. Scott & Zelda,cont’d. Both became young celebrities He gained a reputation as a drinker, and they spent money faster than he earned it (he wrote about the effects of money on character but was unable to manage his own finances)
6 Their life in the 1920s Continued publishing novels, plays in the 20s Had only child in 1921 daughter Francis Scott (Scottie)The Great Gatsby published in 1925Fitzgerald became identified with “The Jazz Age,” which he helped to name.Dazzling couple; partied, drove, drank, spent money recklessly; expatriates in Europe
8 Zelda Had “involvement” with French man in 1924 In 1928, started ballet training to become a professional dancerIn April 1930, suffered her first breakdown; treated at clinic in Switzerland till Sept. 1931Suffered relapse in February 1932 and spent the rest ofher life as a resident or outpatient of sanitariumsIn 1932, wrote Save Me the Waltz, autobiographicalnovel; he thought it was taking the material he wasusing in his novel-in-progressIn 1948, died in a fire at a hospital.
9 His StoriesThought through hard work and gifts he could join “charmed circles”; wrote about ambitions of youth, special magic of richHectic charm of 20sFlaming youth and wild parties“Lost Generation” disillusioned with WWIFallen ideals and obsessions with sensationAspirations end with the Crash in 1929; his career and finances falter
10 The Great GatsbyThe Great Gatsby marked a striking advance in Fitzgerald's technique, utilizing a complex structure and a controlled narrative point of view.Fitzgerald's achievement received critical praise, but sales of Gatsby were disappointing, though the stage and movie rights brought additional income.
15 Fitzgerald’s DeathDied of a heart attack on December 21, 1940 while working on his Hollywood novel, The Love of the Last TycoonDied believing himself a failure, a sellout to HollywoodBecame famous again in the 1950s-60s
16 His Life as a ParableHe dreams of becoming rich and famous; when he succeeds he is destroyed by his dreamsRealizes his gifts early; burns out early
18 Timeline: 1920 January August March September Sept. 1920—8 members of the Chicago White Sox accused of conspiring to lose the 1919 World Series as part of deal with gamblers.March 26—Fitzgerald's This Side of Paradise, his first novel, is publishedJanuaryAugustJan. 17—Prohibition begins. 18th Amendment prohibits making, selling, possession, consumption of alcoholic beverages. (repealed in 1933)MarchAug. 26—Women’s Suffrage victorious. 19th Amendment allowing women the right to vote.September
19 Timeline:March 25—Women's fashions deemed so revealing that Catholic Pope Pius XI urges a campaign against themOct. 29—The U.S. stock market crashes on "Black Tuesday," The crash, combined with other negative factors in the U.S. and world economies, brings to an end the decade of the 1920s and starts the Great Depression.19251922April 10—The Great Gatsby published; acclaimed by critics, but was not a popular success in its day.1929May 5—Scopes Trial
20 The 192os The Jazz Age The Roaring Twenties Speakeasies: Secret illegal barsFlappers: Outspoken young women with boyish manners and dress. ( modeled their style based on the look of French prostitutes)
22 Modernism ( )Response to industrialization, WWI, major economic changes, world politics– the stuff that made us all what we are nowSociety (and literature) full of contradictory elements (both free and repressed, both traditional and anti-traditional, democratic and elitist, patriotic and critical)The individual is alienated from others and even him/herselfAlienation leads to awareness about one’s inner life
23 The Lost Generation "you are all a lost generation" (Gertrude Stein said to Ernest Hemingway) The intellectuals, artists, and writers who rejected the values of post WWI America and moved to ParisThey searched for meaning, drank excessively, had love affairs, and created some of the best American literatureOne of the first “countercultures”Earliest expressers of the themes of spiritual alienation, self-exile, and cultural criticismThe fact that so many great minds ex-patriated and then made art out of it should show there was something wrong with the “American Dream”
24 What To Look For As You Read Gatsby Elements of feminismWhich characters have power in this book and whyCharacterization and motivationJudgments and criticism (both said and unsaid)ContradictionsHow the book both proves and denies the American DreamThings you think might be symbolicHow this book “most” represents modern America