Presentation on theme: "Presented By Abeer Monem, Director of Programs Fort Bend County Women’s Center Barbie Brashear, Executive Director Harris County Domestic Violence Coordinating."— Presentation transcript:
Presented By Abeer Monem, Director of Programs Fort Bend County Women’s Center Barbie Brashear, Executive Director Harris County Domestic Violence Coordinating Council
Training Objectives: Increase participant’s knowledge of domestic violence and intersection of homelessnessIncrease participant’s knowledge of domestic violence and intersection of homelessness Increase participant’s knowledge of risk factors for the homeless domestic violence survivorIncrease participant’s knowledge of risk factors for the homeless domestic violence survivor Define homelessness specifically DV fleeing according to statutes (VAWA, FVPSA, HUD) Training Objectives: Increase participant’s knowledge of domestic violence and intersection of homelessnessIncrease participant’s knowledge of domestic violence and intersection of homelessness Increase participant’s knowledge of risk factors for the homeless domestic violence survivorIncrease participant’s knowledge of risk factors for the homeless domestic violence survivor Define homelessness specifically DV fleeing according to statutes (VAWA, FVPSA, HUD)
Wife Beating/Battering Spousal Abuse Date Rape/Dating Violence Family Violence Domestic Violence (DV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
An estimated 1.3 million women are victims 85% of domestic violence victims are women. Females who are 16-24 years of age are at the greatest risk Most cases of domestic violence are never reported to the police. Witnessing violence between one’s parents or caretakers is the strongest risk factor of transmitting violent behavior from one generation to the next. Boys who witness domestic violence are twice as likely to abuse their own partners and children when they become adults. 30% to 60% of perpetrators of intimate partner violence also abuse children in the household.
196,713 Family Violence Incidents 111 women killed by their intimate partner 12,213 Adults received shelter from their abusive relationships 15,905 children received shelter 196,713 Family Violence Incidents 111 women killed by their intimate partner 12,213 Adults received shelter from their abusive relationships 15,905 children received shelter *Texas Council on Family Violence 2009 Report on prevalence in Texas/Texas Health and Human Services Commission Texas Statistics
EMERGENCY SHELTER 5308 5308 HARRIS COUNTY SERVICES From our Domestic Violence Partners: HARRIS COUNTY SERVICES From our Domestic Violence Partners: NON RESIDENTAL 14,891 14,891 HOTLINE82,087HOTLINE82,087 PROTECTIVE ORDERS GRANTED 1143 1143 UCR: 40,000
Less than 400 Emergency Shelter BEDS for Victims of Domestic Violence in our Area
Definition of IPV- Intimate Partner Violence Definition of IPV- Intimate Partner Violence
Physical Attacks Sexual Attacks PsychologicalAttacksPsychologicalAttacks EconomicCoercionEconomicCoercion by an adult or adolescent against their intimate partner.
One Hit InsultsInsults Restricting Money Chronic Battering IntimidationIntimidation Occurs on a spectrum of presentations: By a current or former; married, cohabitating or dating partner May be of the same gender Varies in frequency
Children who experience childhood trauma, including witnessing incidents of domestic violence, are at a greater risk of having serious adult health problems including tobacco use, substance abuse, obesity, cancer, heart disease, depression and a higher risk for unintended pregnancy.
FEARFEAR $$$$$$$$ NO WHERE TO GO IMPACT OF VIOLENCE
Two difficult decisions: How will she protect herself and her children from the physical dangers posed by her partner? How will she provide for her children?
Stages of Behavioral Change Pre-contemplation Pre-contemplation Contemplation Contemplation Preparation Preparation Action Action Maintenance Maintenance Prochaska JO, 1997 Zimmerman GL et al, 2000 He loves me and the kids. It’s my fault. I’m scared for me & my kids. Where can I go for help? I need an escape plan. I’m out of here! I have my own job I will survive. I can support my family and found friends to help.
SCREENING VICTIMS… Has your intimate partner ever pushed, slapped, hit or hurt you in some way? Has your intimate partner ever hurt or threatened you? Has your intimate partner ever forced you to do something you did not want to do? Is there anything that goes on at home that makes you feel afraid? Does your intimate partner prevent you from eating or sleeping, or endanger your health in other ways? Has your intimate partner ever hurt your pets or destroyed your clothing, objects in your home, or something you especially cared about? Has your intimate partner taken the children without permission, threatened to never let them see you again, or otherwise harmed them? SCREENING VICTIMS… Has your intimate partner ever pushed, slapped, hit or hurt you in some way? Has your intimate partner ever hurt or threatened you? Has your intimate partner ever forced you to do something you did not want to do? Is there anything that goes on at home that makes you feel afraid? Does your intimate partner prevent you from eating or sleeping, or endanger your health in other ways? Has your intimate partner ever hurt your pets or destroyed your clothing, objects in your home, or something you especially cared about? Has your intimate partner taken the children without permission, threatened to never let them see you again, or otherwise harmed them?
Shift Study: 292 families - 30 Months – Albany, Rochester, Buffalo, Syracuse – compared ES, TS, PH 93% of mothers with trauma history: 81% experienced multiple traumas. 79% traumatized as children. Approximately 1.3 Million Women Battered annually Approximately 1.56 million People Homeless annually Leading cause of Homelessness THE OVERLAP
“When a women is in an abusive and controlling relationship and or marriage, their lives really are not their own. In my situation I wasn’t free to make a lot of my own decisions. Once out of this environment I was out physically but not completely out emotionally … the last thing I would have needed is the very people helping me to now force or mandate that I do what they want me to do. That to me would have been very similar to the situation I had left … going from one controlling situation right into another!... My daughter and I have many gifts in our lives and we have many challenges. I like having the freedom to make my own choices, and I believe many other women will move forward in their lives as well, with the gentle guidance verses mandated services by those who are there to help.”
Most Dangerous time is when she leaves She may be evicted due to offender’s behavior DV interferes with ability to access housing - bad credit, poor rental histories, safety needs Offenders sabotage survivor’s economic stability - trouble paying deposit, rent and utilities Shelter is a very temporary haven – usually 31 days or less. Less than 30% will succeed the first time they leave abusive homes.
Major findings include: Ongoing residential instability Significant traumatic experiences Major depressionMajor depression among mothers Physical and emotional challenges among children Maureen Hayes, Ph.D., Senior Researcher National Coalition for the Homeless www.nationalhomeless.org SHIFT Study Service and Housing Interventions for Families in Transition: SHIFT Study Service and Housing Interventions for Families in Transition:
Findings indicate that an effective response to family homelessness should include: Housing First Case management to address immediate needs Comprehensive assessments to target individual services Trauma-informed care Parenting supports and skills training Mental health services Child-centered services and programs to support healthy development among children Hayes, Ph.D., Senior Researcher SHIFT STudy:
It has been estimated that the danger to a victim increases by 70% when she attempts to leave, as the abuser escalates his use of violence when he begins to lose control.
RISK Assessment: By identifying all types of violence that exist within the family, chances of effective intervention are greatly increased.
The following behaviors are indicators of increased risk of assault: òAbuser’s threat of homicide or suicide òAbuser’s fantasies of homicide or suicide òAbuser’s threat of homicide or suicide òAbuser’s fantasies of homicide or suicide
Elements of Safety Planning: Safety Plans include thinking about safety when staying in relationships and when leaving relationships.
CANNOT ASSESS for RISK without also SAFETY PLANNINGCANNOT ASSESS for RISK without also SAFETY PLANNING SCREENING PROCESS at INTAKE is crucial to identificationSCREENING PROCESS at INTAKE is crucial to identification KNOW LOCAL DV Resources and develop relationships with themKNOW LOCAL DV Resources and develop relationships with them CANNOT ASSESS for RISK without also SAFETY PLANNINGCANNOT ASSESS for RISK without also SAFETY PLANNING SCREENING PROCESS at INTAKE is crucial to identificationSCREENING PROCESS at INTAKE is crucial to identification KNOW LOCAL DV Resources and develop relationships with themKNOW LOCAL DV Resources and develop relationships with them Things to Think About:
Those who have spent more than seven consecutive nights in a shelter, car, abandoned building, public park, nonresidential building, or other non- dwelling. (1987 McKinney Act)
Statutory language of the definition in section 103 of the McKinney-Vento Act, as amended by the HEARTH Act. The final rule maintains these four categories: (1) Individuals and families who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes a subset for an individual who resided in an emergency shelter or a place not meant for human habitation and who is exiting an institution where he or she temporarily resided; ( 2) individuals and families who will imminently lose their primary nighttime residence; (3) unaccompanied youth and families with children and youth who are defined as homeless under other federal statutes who do not otherwise qualify as homeless under this definition; and (4) individuals and families who are fleeing, or are attempting to flee, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, or other dangerous or life-threatening conditions that relate to violence against the individual or a family member.
Hearth Act Broadened the definition/category of DV fleeing VAWA protections/confidentiality to HUD guidelines added (see below for guidelines). VAWA (Violence Against Women Act) Reauthorization 2013 Previously: Federal register Volume 75 No. 207, October 27, 2010, rules and regulations HUD Programs: Violence Against Women Act Conforming Amendments pages 66246-66265 including but not limited to: Confidentiality – no personal or identifying information; safety for battered women No evictions in public housing due to domestic violence No discrimination in public housing due to domestic violence FVPSA (Family Violence Prevention and Services Act) Texas Penal Code (may break lease if victim of domestic violence obtains a protective order).
VAWA 2013 was signed into law on March 7th, 2013. Here are some of the key changes related to housing: VAWA 2013 maintains protections for public housing, Section 8 vouchers, and project based Section 8, and also expands the housing protections from VAWA 2005 to include the following programs which includes HUDs Homeless Assistance Programs: HOME Investment Partnerships program § 202 supportive housing for the elderly Section 236 Rental Program § 811 supportive housing for people with disabilities Section 221(d)(3) Below Market Interest Rate (BMIR) Program HOPWA housing program HUD’s McKinney-Vento homeless programs Low-Income Housing Tax Credit properties USDA Rural Housing properties VAWA 2013 continues to bar eviction and termination due to a tenants status as a survivor, and requires landlords to maintain survivor-tenant confidentiality. It also continues to prohibit a tenant who is a survivor of domestic violence from being denied assistance, tenancy, or occupancy rights based solely on criminal activity related to an act of domestic violence committed against them.
VAWA 2013 now expressly extends housing protections to survivors of sexual assault, and adds intimate partner to the list of eligible relationships in the domestic violence definition. Protections also now cover an affiliated individual, which includes any person living with the survivor and related to him or her by blood or marriage including the survivors spouse, parent, brother, sister, child, or any person to whom the survivor stands in loco parentis. It continues to allow a lease bifurcation so a tenant or lawful occupant who engages in criminal acts of physical violence against affiliated individuals or others may be evicted or removed without evicting or removing or otherwise penalizing a victim who is a tenant or lawful occupant. If victim cannot establish eligibility, the landlord must give a reasonable amount of time to find new housing or establish eligibility under another covered housing program. New housing protections in VAWA 2013 includes the requirement that each appropriate agency develop a notice of rights under VAWA for tenants and provide such notice at the time a person applies for housing, when a person is admitted as a tenant of a housing unit, and when a tenant is threatened with eviction or termination of housing benefits.
VAWA 2013 requires each appropriate agency to adopt a model transfer plan for use by public housing agencies and owners or managers of housing. Tenants must request a transfer and reasonably believe that they are threatened with imminent harm from further violence if the tenant remains in the same unit. While HUD is developing regulations to codify these important protections for HUD- covered programs and to provide guidance on such statutory provisions as reasonable time and notice of rights, housing providers in HUD-covered programs should not wait on HUD regulations to extend the basic VAWA protections (e.g., no eviction or termination to survivors of domestic violence) to tenants residing in HUD-assisted housing. Furthermore, we would like to take this opportunity to remind you that certain policies and practices that treat victims of domestic violence different from other tenants may be considered to be discrimination on the basis of sex under the federal Fair Housing Act. If a housing provider refuses to rent, evicts, or otherwise treats someone differently because of that persons status as a victim of domestic violence, HUD or the courts may find a violation under the Fair Housing Act due to direct discrimination, unequal treatment, or disparate impact. If a jurisdiction or other entity encourages or causes differential treatment toward domestic violence victims, that jurisdiction or entity could encounter liability. For these reasons, we encourage you to review the HUD notice published in the federal register (http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-08-06/pdf/2013- 18920.pdf) and HUDs 2011 guidance on domestic violence and fair housing (http://www.hud.gov/offices/fheo/library/11-domestic-violence-memo-with- attachment.pdf)http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-08-06/pdf/2013- 18920.pdfhttp://www.hud.gov/offices/fheo/library/11-domestic-violence-memo-with- attachment.pdf (Please note that the 2011 guidance covers protections under the Fair Housing Act and under VAWA 2005 but has not yet been updated to include the protections under VAWA 2013).
HUD has specifically identified individuals and families fleeing domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking as a population that should access services through a coordinated assessment process. HUD is currently accepting comments on whether or not victim service providers should be exempt from participating in the same coordinated assessment process as other homeless assistance providers. However, it appears that even if victim service providers are allowed to opt out, there will be a separate, but comparable system required. In either case, communities must be prepared to be responsive to and address the housing needs of domestic violence survivors, whether they present within the domestic violence system or at the homeless assistance system.
Medical Services Law Enforcement Other Social Services Criminal Justice SurvivorsSurvivors DFPSDFPS DV Services RESOURCES:RESOURCES:
Listen to the victim and believe her. Tell her you are concerned for safety. Tell her she is not alone and that help is available. Let her know that without intervention, abuse often escalates in frequency and severity over time. Seek expert assistance. Suggesting that she merely return home places her and her children in real danger.
Hold the abuser accountable. Don't minimize his abusive behavior. Support him in seeking specialized batterers counseling (this does not mean anger management) to help change his behavior. Continue to hold him accountable and to support and protect the victim even after he has begun a counseling program. If reconciliation is to occur, it can be considered only after the above steps have taken place.