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Of Mice and Men DJ PowerPoint

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1 Of Mice and Men DJ PowerPoint
While reading the novel, you will complete a dialectical journal for your assigned topic/theme. This presentation will allow students to practice formatting quotes and explanations/analysis in an in-class, group setting in preparation for completing the DJ individually while reading the novel.

2 Your assignment for today!
In your assigned topic/theme groups, you will complete a series of comprehension checks that will also serve as your T.O.D.!

3 Let’s get started! 1. Please sit in your topic/theme groups: Friendship, Power, Loneliness, Loyalty and Sacrifice, & Dreams 2. Have your DJ handout (sample), a clean piece of paper (a full sheet) & something to write with. 3. Make sure you have your MLA heading in the upper left-hand corner and title this assignment “M&M DJ PPT Activity”. Every student will complete the comprehension checks and turn in his/her paper as a T.O.D.! 4. PAY ATTENTION!

4 FYI: DIALECTICAL JOURNAL
di•a•lec•tic (n) 1. The art or practice of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments.

5 Comprehension Check #1 1. What is your assignment?
2. What is the definition of dialectic? Just kidding! I just wanted to make sure you were paying attention! Tee-hee! I crack myself up  O.K., let’s seriously get started. Now, pay attention! 

6 (In case you forgot) What does a DJ look like
(In case you forgot) What does a DJ look like? A DJ has two columns: one for quotes and another for analysis Of Mice and Men DJ Example #1 Quotes from the text w/ page numbers Student responses: explanations/analysis After George starts to narrate why their friendship is different in response to Lennie’s request, Lennie interrupts him and exclaims, “ ‘But not us! An’ why? Because…because I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you, and that’s why’ ” (14). As the reader is exposed to the interactions of George and Lennie, the dynamics of their relationship become more clear. In this example, Steinbeck explores the idea of friendship through the characters of George and Lennie to demonstrate his belief that in times of struggle, such as during the Great Depression, it is easier and more tolerable to share your experiences with a companion.

7 Part I Format for Quotes

8 Format for quotes Each quote for your DJ must include the following:
1. A lead-in/ attribution 2. A direct quote from the text about your assigned topic 3. MLA format for quotations including page numbers in parenthetical citation

9 Comprehension check #1 (For real)
Question: What are the 3 components you must include to correctly format your quotations? NO! YOU CAN’T GO BACK TO THE PREVIOUS SLIDE! Discuss you thoughts in groups, then write your answer down on your paper. Any volunteers to share their ideas? Answer: 1. A lead-in/ quote attribution 2. A direct quote from the text about your assigned topic 3. MLA format for quotations including page numbers in parenthetical citation

10 Format for quotes: Lead-ins
After George starts to narrate why their friendship is different in response to Lennie’s request, Lennie interrupts him and exclaims, “ ‘But not us! An’ why? Because…because I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you, and that’s why’ ” (14). NOTICE: The quote begins with a lead-in explaining the context of the quote (or what’s happening before the quote).

11 Format for quotes: Lead-in continued
After George starts to narrate why their friendship is different in response to Lennie’s request, Lennie interrupts him and exclaims, “ ‘But not us! An’ why? Because…because I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you, and that’s why’ ” (14). NOTICE: 1. Also included in the lead-in is an attribution. The speaker of the quote is identified and then paired with an appropriate verb which help the reader lead-in to the quote. 2. The lead-in is followed by a comma before the quotation marks!

12 Class vote! George discusses the details of a property he has in
mind to fulfill his dream. “ ‘Well, it's ten acres,’ said George. ‘Got a little win mill’ ” (45). Thumbs up if you think this quote is correct. Thumbs down if you think it is incorrect. Your thumbs should be…. DOWN!

13 WHY? George discusses the details of a property he has in mind to fulfill his dream. “ ‘Well, it's ten acres,’ said George. ‘Got a little win mill’ ” (45). The lead-in is incomplete (no direct attribution of speaker & no verb before the quote) and it is missing a comma before the direct quote! A better example would be… mind to fulfill his dream when he says, “ ‘Well, it's ten

14 Format for quotes: quotation marks
After George starts to narrate why their friendship is different in response to Lennie’s request, Lennie interrupts him and exclaims, “ ‘But not us! An’ why? Because…because I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you, and that’s why’ ” (14). NOTICE: The double quotes in green indicate the material is a direct quote from the text. The double quotes in yellow indicate that dialogue is being quoted from the text In other words… if you take words out of the book, you must use “ If you see “ in the book, it becomes ‘ in your quote. NOTE: I know this can be confusing, so just see me if you have any questions about quotation marks. It’s a quick fix and easy to learn if someone shows you 

15 Format for quotes: page numbers
After George starts to narrate why their friendship is different in response to Lennie’s request, Lennie interrupts him and exclaims, “ ‘But not us! An’ why? Because…because I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you, and that’s why’ ” (14). NOTICE: The page number is enclosed in parenthesis after the last quotation mark and before the period. There is NO “page”, NO “pg”, and NO “p” before the page number. This is big NO-NO!

16 Class vote! George discusses the details of a property he has in
mind to fulfill his dream. “ ‘Well, it's ten acres,’ said George. ‘Got a little win mill’ ” (p.45). Thumbs up if you think this quote is correct. Thumbs down if you think it is incorrect. Your thumbs should be…. DOWN! DOWN! DOWN!

17 WHY?  BIG NO-NO! NOTHING EXCEPT THE ACTUAL PAGE NUMBER ITSELF GOES
George discusses the details of a property he has in mind to fulfill his dream. “ ‘Well, it's ten acres,’ said George. ‘Got a little win mill’ ” (p.45).  BIG NO-NO! NOTHING EXCEPT THE ACTUAL PAGE NUMBER ITSELF GOES INSIDE THE PARENTHESIS! Yes, I am yelling at you  BTW: I figured out how to do that frowny face all on my own. I am SUPER techy now! Look out!

18 Comprehension Check #2 Group Activity
For the following quote add a lead-in & correct MLA format: "God, you’re a lot of trouble," said George. "I could get along so easy and so nice if I didn’t have you on my tail. I could live so easy and maybe have a girl." (page 11) You can use the examples and sentence frames from your DJ handout to help you or you can create your own. Watch your punctuation! Groups will be called upon randomly to share their answer! You have 3 minutes! Remember to write your answer down on your individual answer sheet as part of your T.O.D.!

19 Possible Response Compare your group’s answer to the following possible response: After Lennie creates a lot of unnecessary trouble over a dead mouse, George thinks out loud about all he has to sacrifice when he snaps, “ ‘God, you’re a lot of trouble,’ said George. ‘I could get along so easy and so nice if I didn’t have you on my tail. I could live so easy and maybe have a girl’ ” (11). Fix any errors you made in your response!

20 Format for Explanation/Analysis
PART II Format for Explanation/Analysis

21 Format Explanation/Analysis
Each explanation/analysis for your DJ must include the following: 1. An interpretation (explanation) that shows your understanding of the quoted material 2. An analysis that includes: your topic (see bank #1) the literary device (see bank #2) that is in the example the theme that is revealed in the quote

22 Comprehension Check #3 Question A: What are the 2 main components you must include to correctly format your explanation and analysis? This is common sense! Questions B: What are the 3 aspects you must include to complete your analysis? This is the most important question! Discuss you thoughts in groups, then write your answer down on your paper. Any volunteers to share their ideas? Answers: A. interpretation/ explanation & analysis B. topic, literary device, and theme

23 Format Explanation/Analysis: Interpretation
As the reader is exposed to the interactions of George and Lennie, the dynamics of their relationship become more clear. In this example, Steinbeck explores the idea of friendship through the characters of George and Lennie to demonstrate his belief that in times of struggle, such as during the Great Depression, it is easier and more tolerable to share your experiences with a companion. NOTICE: The reader’s interpretation/explanation of the quoted material is stated in the opening sentence clearly showing an understanding of the text.

24 Format Explanation/Analysis: Topic
As the reader is exposed to the interactions of George and Lennie, the dynamics of their relationship become more clear. In this example, Steinbeck explores the idea of friendship through the characters of George and Lennie to demonstrate his belief that in times of struggle, such as during the Great Depression, it is easier and more tolerable to share your experiences with a companion. NOTICE: The topic (friendship) is mentioned See bank #1 on your handout

25 Format Explanation/Analysis: Literary Device/s
As the reader is exposed to the interactions of George and Lennie, the dynamics of their relationship become more clear. In this example, Steinbeck explores the idea of friendship through the characters of George and Lennie to demonstrate his belief that in times of struggle, such as during the Great Depression, it is easier and more tolerable to share your experiences with a companion. NOTICE: A literary device is connected to revealing Steinbeck’s message/ theme. See bank #2 on your handout Note: More than one literary device can be mentioned as they can overlap

26 Format Explanation/Analysis: Theme
As the reader is exposed to the interactions of George and Lennie, the dynamics of their relationship become more clear. In this example, Steinbeck explores the idea of friendship through the characters of George and Lennie to demonstrate his belief that in times of struggle, such as during the Great Depression, it is easier and more tolerable to share your experiences with a companion. NOTICE: Steinbeck’s message/ theme is specific to the topic and the material in the connected quote. Note: Themes are written like a belief/philosophy, a piece of advice, a fortune cookie message, or a bumper sticker.

27 Class Vote! Which one of the following themes is worded correctly?
A. Man vs. Society B. Sometimes a man must follow his heart instead of the prescribed rules of society. Discuss your ideas as a group, then raise your hand when your group is ready. Any volunteers to share? Thumbs up if you agree with the answer shared. Thumbs down if you do not agree.

28 What’s the correct answer?
Answer B is correct! Why? Answer A is written like a conflict rather than a message. Answer B clearly communicates a belief/philosophy.

29 Comprehension Check #4 Group Activity #1 1. Copy the quote below
2. Create a student response/ analysis for the following quote. You’ll need an explanation, topic, literary device, and theme: (LENNIE) “ ‘I was only foolin’, George. I don’t want no ketchup. I wouldn’t eat no ketchup if it was right here beside me.’ (GEORGE) ‘If it was here, you could have some.’ (LENNIE) ‘But I wouldn’t eat none, George. I’d leave it all for you. You could cover your beans with it and I wouldn’t touch none of it’ " (11) . NOTES: This quote in not EXACTLY in MLA format. I simplified the attributions for this activity. Please follow the MLA guidelines outlined earlier in the PPT. Click through the reminders and the four steps for completing this activity!

30 Remember! Group Activity
You can use the examples and sentence frames from your DJ handout to help you or you can create your own. Groups will be called upon randomly to share their answers! Remember to write your answer down on your individual answer sheet as part of your T.O.D.!

31 Step #1: write an explanation
(LENNIE) “ ‘I was only foolin’, George. I don’t want no ketchup. I wouldn’t eat no ketchup if it was right here beside me.’ (GEORGE) ‘If it was here, you could have some.’ (LENNIE) ‘But I wouldn’t eat none, George. I’d leave it all for you. You could cover your beans with it and I wouldn’t touch none of it’ " (11) . What is happening in the quote?

32 Share, compare, edit Trade your explanations with the group sitting to your left to prompt more discussion. Again, don’t forget to reference the samples and sentence frames on the handout! Sample explanation: After George’s mean outburst about how much better off he’d be without Lennie (sparked by Lennie wanting some ketchup), Lennie is the one who makes the first move to apologize.

33 Step #2: What topic is being exemplified?
(LENNIE) “ ‘I was only foolin’, George. I don’t want no ketchup. I wouldn’t eat no ketchup if it was right here beside me.’ (GEORGE) ‘If it was here, you could have some.’ (LENNIE) ‘But I wouldn’t eat none, George. I’d leave it all for you. You could cover your beans with it and I wouldn’t touch none of it’ " (11) . Note: Think outside of the box! Multiple topics can work for one quote. What topics could apply other than the obvious?

34 Share, compare, edit Share your topics with the group sitting to your left to prompt more discussion. Possible responses: friendship, loyalty & sacrifice, power (result of) NOW, pick the topic your group will use for your analysis. Remember, the topic you choose will determine the theme/ message you will write!

35 Step #3: What literary device/s is being used to help illuminate the theme?
(LENNIE) “ ‘I was only foolin’, George. I don’t want no ketchup. I wouldn’t eat no ketchup if it was right here beside me.’ (GEORGE) ‘If it was here, you could have some.’ (LENNIE) ‘But I wouldn’t eat none, George. I’d leave it all for you. You could cover your beans with it and I wouldn’t touch none of it’ " (11) .

36 Share, compare & edit Share your topics with the group sitting to your left to prompt more discussion. Possible response: character will probably be the most common answer

37 Step #4: Put them together!
Topic + Literary Device Consider this: Even after this awful fight, the men’s friendship has a simple and remarkable earnestness. George grudgingly knows he’s wrong and in fact really loves his friend, and even though Lennie can’t express it in a terribly complex way, he loves George back. Through characterization the reader learns… (add theme/message in the next step).

38 Step #5: SO WHAT? What is the theme?
As a group, read over the quote, explanation & analysis you have so far. Next, discuss what you think Steinbeck believes about the topic.

39 Share, compare & edit Trade your themes with the group sitting to your left to prompt more discussion. Again, don’t forget to reference the samples and sentence frames on the handout! I know, I know. This is a really long group activity, but stay with me 

40 Possible response Through characterization the reader learns that true friendship requires elements of compromise/ sacrifice, forgiveness, selflessness and even love. Double check: Is your theme written like a fortune cookie message?

41 Now, put it all together! Explanation + topic + literary device + theme Sample:After George’s mean outburst about how much better off he’d be without Lennie (sparked by Lennie wanting some ketchup), Lennie is the one who makes the first move to apologize. Even after this awful fight, the men’s friendship has a simple and remarkable earnestness. George grudgingly knows he’s wrong and in fact really loves his friend, and even though Lennie can’t express it in a terribly complex way, he loves George back. Through characterization the reader learns that true friendship requires elements of compromise/ sacrifice, forgiveness, selflessness and even love. No, your answer does not need to be as wordy as mine 

42 Whip Around! All the groups will take turns reading their responses aloud. Friendship Power Loneliness Loyalty and Sacrifice Dreams

43 Remember: Think outside of the box! Don’t be afraid to ask for help!

44 Notes: At the bottom of your T.O.D., please write down any questions or confusion you may still have about completing the dialectical journal. This PPT will be available for continued viewing on my LQ webpage along with the sample dialectical journal handout.

45 This concludes the M&M DJ PPT. You can clap now 
The End This concludes the M&M DJ PPT. You can clap now 


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