Presentation on theme: "33 rd ARCASIA Meetings & Student’s Jamboree 2012 Excursion Objects DRAFT (FOR INFORMATION ONLY), OPTIONS TO BE SELECTED BY ORGANIZING COMMITTEE."— Presentation transcript:
33 rd ARCASIA Meetings & Student’s Jamboree 2012 Excursion Objects DRAFT (FOR INFORMATION ONLY), OPTIONS TO BE SELECTED BY ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
Route I (full-day trip)Route II (full-day trip) Visiting nature, culture, and architecture of Bali : Penglipuran Village (Traditional Village) Kintamani (Landscape) Pura Besakih (Mother Temple) Visiting nature, culture, and architecture of Bali : Pura Gua Lawah (Traditional Pura) Tenganan Village (Traditional Village) Guwang Sukawati Market (Traditional Market) Visiting architectural landmark/heritage buildings in Denpasar City (city tour). Bajra Sandi Patung Catur Muka Bali’s Museum Pura Jagatnatha Kumbasari Market Route ABOUT BALI Bali is an island in Indonesia which is become the one of Indonesia’s province. Bali is located in the middle part of Indonesia’s archipelago, exactly is in between Java Island and Lombok Island. The capital city of Bali province is Denpasar, located in the south of this island. The majority of Bali’s population is adherent to Hindu religion and embrace to Bali’s culture. In the world, Bali is known as a tourism destination by the uniques of it’s art and culture pruduct. Bali which is known as a Dewata Island is the one of the best tourism place in Indonesia even in the world. Kuta, Sanur, Nusa Dua, Bedugul, Ubud, Sukawati, Lovina, and many else are the famous tourism place in Bali.KutaSanurNusa DuaUbudSukawatiLovina KUTASANURNUSA DUA UBUD LOVINA
PENGLIPURAN VILLAGE The village is embraced by the concept of spatial trimandala, divided into three different spaces of functions and levels of purity, namely primary, middle and contemptible. The third location of this space stretching from the north (mountain) to the south (ocean), with a staircase straight rural roads as a central axis, separating the middle into two parts. On the north on the main zone or "space on the gods', sacred temple buildings stand named Upgrading a place of worship of the villagers. The middle zone, or "man space" there is a 76 yard plot and the house where people live is divided into two ranks, the west 38 and east of 38. Each plot has a size of square meters stretching from west to east. Village roads as a separator is maintained free of four- wheeled vehicles and do not use asphalt but paving blocks and stone brush. The southernmost part is contemptible mandala or "space for people who have died" in the form of the village cemetery. House of every family in every plot seemed almost uniform all, are in the yard and bordered by a concrete wall and has a Balinese gate entrance. Every yard has a few buildings in the form of sleeping rooms, living rooms, kitchens, halls, barns and sembayang place in the home. From one yard to another yard there is a narrow road that connects the two. Building of traditional architecture with pillars of wood material and shingle roofs are typical of bamboo. The use of bamboo which is dominant is not surprising because 40% of the total area of bamboo forest. Materials for building may be drawn from these forests, as well as for crafts materials and the need for ritual. In terms of ecological, bamboo forest functions vital to resist erosion given the village the sloping land. Ability to maintain spatial and traditional buildings in the village Penglipuran, became a main attraction of this place so that eventually developed into a tourist village. Persistence of the population to fight for the authenticity of the village is also deserving of the award, not surprisingly, been awarded with the village Penglipuran Kalpataru. Was located in Bangli regency, for about 45 km from Denpasar, Adat Penglipuran village has existed since 700 years ago, is in Bangli’s kingdom time. The people from Bayung Gede in Kintamani were moving to the place that this village occur now. The name of Panglipuran it self came from word Pura trotter that is mean of sacred place to remember the ancestors. All of the village physical development and cultural development still refer to ancestor’s earth which is extant in Bayung. Even for various of certain traditional ceremony are should have to invoke the blessing of those ancestor’s land.
TENGANAN VILLAGE Tenganan is a village in Bali has its own uniqueness, which is fairly remote village and is located in the District of Mangosteen, Karangasem district to the east of the island of Bali. To reach this village by road and is about 60km from downtown Denpasar, Bali. The village is very traditional as it can survive the current era of rapid change of technology. Tenganan village is one of the three villages of Bali Aga village, besides Trunyan and Sembiran. The meaning of the Bali Aga villages still maintain lifestyles, community governance refers to the traditional rules of customary village inherited their ancestors. Shape and large buildings and yards, setting the location of the building, up to where the temple is made by following the traditional rules of hereditary maintained. Although the facilities and infrastructure such as electricity etc. The entrance to the village of Tenganan, but the custom house and the original will be retained as a permanent exotic. This is because the Community customs regulations village of Tenganan has a very strong, which they call the awig-awig they've written since the 11th century and was refurbished in the year According to some versions of historical records, Tenganan word comes from the word "middle" or "ngatengahang" which means "move into the deeper regions". The word is associated with the movement of the villagers from the seaside to a rural area in the central hills, the West Hill (Bukit Kauh) and the East Hill (Bukit Kangin). Some say that the people of Tenganan came from Peneges Village, Gianyar, which used to be called as Bedahulu. According to folklore, the King Bedahulu've lost one of his horses and the people look to the East. The horse was found dead by Ki Patih Tunjung Biru, a confidant of the king. For his loyalty, Blue lotus Ki Patih get the authority to regulate areas that have the scent of carrion (carrion) horse. Ki Patih get quite large area because he cut the carcass of the horse and spread it as far as he could. That is the origin of the village of Tenganan. To enter the village of Tenganan is very unique, before entering the village of Tenganan area. We are going through a window, there we are not required to pay. It's because no ticket is sold, but we do whatever donations we seikhlas to a semi-permanent wooden dibangunan officer, before the tourists have to go through a gate that is narrow enough to just simply pass by one person. Income of the villagers of Tenganan is also not clear how much revenue, because there are still using the barter system between warganya.disana many crops, fields, water buffalo roam freely in their yard. To boost their tourism potential, a lot of Tenganan villagers who sell their crafts to tourists. Artshop can also take a look once we stepped foot into the door in, they sell a lot of crafts. As Woven bamboo carvings, miniature paintings are engraved on palm leaves that have been burned, and the most famous is the fabric grimace. This fabric is unique because we can look directly at a glance to know if the cloth is handmade. These fabrics include expensive, and only produced in the village of Tenganan only. Time the process takes too long, because as colors - colors that are dikain gringsing is derived from plants and require special treatment. Tenganan traditional house built from a mixture of red stone, river stone, and soil. While the roof is made of a pile of leaves rumbi. Existing traditional house has a shape and size are relatively similar, with a typical width of the entrance of one adult size only. Another feature is the top of the door seen together with the roof of the house.
Residents of this village has a unique tradition in recruiting candidates for village leader, one of them through traditional procession sabatan mesabar-Biu (banana war). Prospective prajuru educated according to local custom village since childhood or gradually and traditions is a kind of psychological tests for prospective leaders of the village. On the specified date according to local calendar system (around July) will be held ngusaba Sambah with a unique tradition of mageret pandan (pandanus war). In the event, two pairs of rural youth will compete on stage with each slice using pandanus thorns. Although it will cause injuries, they have antiseptic tubers of material to be spread on all the wounds to dry and heal within a few days. To continue the tradition of regular war games and create conditions for people with physical and mental strength. Tenganan residents have been known as the Hindu god Indra flow, which is believed to be the god of war. Tenganan community to teach and uphold the concept of Tri Hita Karana (the concept in Hinduism) and make it happen in everyday life. Tri Hita Karana means three and the causes of happiness means to achieve balance and harmony. Tri Hita Karana Perahyangan consists of (a balanced relationship between man and God), Pawongan (harmonious relationship between humans and other humans), and Palemahan (harmonious relationship between humans and the natural environment around it). Being in this village we felt safe and peaceful atmosphere, the village residents are very welcoming and friendly. We can get around the area of the village and see the activities of their day to day. The most appropriate time we were there during the afternoon, because normally in the afternoon they had Tenganan village activities. And gathered in front of their homes, and no doubt they are out and hanging out with other residents. And at this point we can watch and see the behavior and customs of their traditional culture is very strong. Then it is worth if they were called BaliAga / Original.
BESAKIH TEMPLE Bali is known as the 'island of thousand temples "because on this island there are more than 11,000 building the temple. That said, in a few places in Bali, the temple and even exceeds the number of homes. One of the largest temple is regarded as the mother temple in Bali (the mother temple) is Pura Besakih. Pura Besakih is located at the foot of Mount Agung, the highest mountain on the island of Bali that local people are considered as a sacred mountain. On March 17, 1963 (other versions of the date of March 18) Mount Agung erupted and killed more than 1,000 people and destroyed villages in the vicinity. But what amazed, Pura Besakih 'untouchable' by the natural disaster, when the distance is only about 1 km from the summit of Mount Agung. According to the story develops, the temple site was chosen because it is considered as a sacred area. In the ancient Javanese language, Besakih, wasuki, or basuki has meaning "congratulations". In addition, the name of Besakih was also associated with Naga Basuki, the figure of a dragon that is part of the public confidence on the slopes of Mount Agung in the pre-Hindu. Because the temple is regarded as a holy place, then the visitors who want to enter the temple complex were required to wear traditional Balinese sarong. The Speciality Pura Besakih is a complex place of worship consisting of 22 Hindu temple building. According to estimates by experts, Pura Besakih development process took more than 1,000 years to reach its present form. Evidence of the megalithic heritage found around this temple complex, such as menhir, the stone throne, and strengthen the structure of the pyramid-shaped terrace that estimate. This temple is built on the concept of Tri Hita Karana, the concept of balance between man, nature and God. Arrangement of the temple building tailored to the direction of the wind to the building structure to represent nature as the symbolism of the balance. Each direction of the wind is called a mandala with the ruling deity called "God Lokapala Chess". As the center (axis / center) of the four cardinal directions are Penataran Agung Besakih, the largest temple dedicated to Shiva worshiped by pretending to be surrounded by others. To the east there is a Pura Agung Penataran used to worship the Dark Gods Iswara; in the south there is Pura Kiduling Kereteg to worship Lord Brahma; on the west side is Ulun Kulkul to worship god Mahadeva; and on the north side is intended for the Pura Batumadeg worship the god Vishnu. Pura Besakih in the complex is often held various Hindu religious rituals culminating in the celebration of every one hundred years of Pura Besakih called Ekadasa Rudra (last done in 1979). Besides being able to enjoy the historical heritage, unique architecture, and the celebration of religious rituals in the temple, visitors can fill excursions to climb Agung Montain.
Location Besakih Pura Besakih is located in the Village, Rendang sub district, Karangasem, Bali Province, Indonesia. Acces To reach Pura Besakih, travelers can embark on a journey from the city of Denpasar with a distance of about 25 km to the north. Alternatively, tourists can travel from city Semarapura (Klungkung) Pura Besakih to use public transport (bemo) at a cost of about Rp 5,000 (April 2008). Arriving in the District of Rendang, visitors are advised to get off at the entrance to the temple, not in the village of Besakih is located approximately 1 km south Pura Besakih. From the gate of the temple, visitors can walk into the Besakih temple area. Ticket Price Visitors who want to enter the temple are customs duties amounting to Rp 7,000 per person. When visitors drive a private car, then there is an additional fee of Rp 3,000 to the cost of parking (April 2008). Acomodation and Other facilities Travelers who need a Balinese sarong as a condition for entering the temple can be hired at locations around the site at a cost of Rp 3,000 to Rp 5,000 per case. If you want to know the ins and outs of Pura Besakih in terms of both history and architecture, tourists can hire a guide at a cost of about Rp 10,000 (April 2008). Pura Besakih complex has ample parking space for a wide range of vehicles. In addition, there are around the parking stalls selling handicrafts and other souvenirs. If need lodging or restaurant, around the temple there are also flights and a wide range of Balinese food stalls.
PURA GOA LAWAH Pura Goa Lawah One Is There In The Universe heaven Pesinggahan Dawan District, Klungkung regency.This temple called Pura Goa Lawah because in it there is a large natural cave inhabited by thousands of bats. In the Balinese language, the word means Lawah bat. But in terms of religion, a bat that has nothing to do with what is revered Hindu community in Bali. Public confidence in Bali, Pura Goa Lawah is berstananya place of God in manifestation as the god of the Sea. According to mythology in the palm Prekempa disuratkan, is told that during the devastating drought, Lord Shiva sent the Sang Hyang Tri Murti to save the earth. Lord Brahma dropped transformed into a dragon Ananta Bhoga. Lord Vishnu incarnated as a dragon Basuki. A dragon god Iswara Takshaka. Furthermore, the dragon Basuki supine with the head facing east. Basuki dragon head partially submerged into the sea to work the oceans to evaporate into clouds. Well, the head of the dragon Basuki is then symbolized by the temple Goa Lawah. While the tail is hanging scales transformed into a mountain and turned into a very dense forest. By the people of Bali, an area that is considered as the tail end of the dragon Basuki founded Goa Raja temple (one of the temples in Besakih Temple complex). Most of the Balinese believe that in ancient caves in Goa Raja temple at Pura Goa Lawah translucent. However, because of the devastating earthquake in 1917, the cave was covered ruins of the earth.Beyond the mythology, the ancient sources say that the temple was built at the initiative of Goa Lawah MPU Kuturan the XI century and restored to be expanded in the XV century. One from among the Hindus in Bali belief that the spirits of the dead must be purified through a series of ceremonies. The ceremony ends of the circuit is atma district officer (continued from the cremation ceremony). During the ceremony the people doing the ceremony Nyegara-Mount as a cover. They will purify the spirit of the sea (Pura Goa Lawah) and menyemayamkannya in the mountains (Besakih Temple).Of other concepts, Pura Besakih (on Mount Agung) and Pura Goa Lawah (seaside) is a symbol of the phallus, the yoni. Both are elements which led to the creation of the universe. In this temple, right in the mouth of the cave there is a great studio pelinggih as sole worship of Almighty God. Three Overlapping Meru as pesimpangan Bhatara Andakasa. There Gedong Limasari to worship the Goddess Sri Hyang Basuki and Gedong Limascatu to worship Lord Vishnu (of Lord Tengahing Segara). Both are symbols of power of God in giving prosperity to mankind. Pura Goa Lawah located on the edge of the highway that connects the town of Klungkung and Karangasem. So the temple is very easy to find. Visiting this temple, but can see the unique temple, you can also enjoy the beauty of the beaches that lie next to the highway.
PURA JAGATNATA Pura Agung Jagatnatha located on Jalan Mayor Vishnu, in downtown Denpasar, Bali Museum next to the east Puputan Badung Square. This temple was set up facing the west, in common with temples in Bali. Jagatnatha Temple is easily accessible due to a strategic place, too easy in the know because of the buildings that form the towering Padmasana. BALI MUSEUM Museum is located downtown Denpasar Bali, to the east of the field bellows Badung. Shape of the building extending from north to south. Bali Museum was built in 1910 using traditional architecture with Balinese ornaments. Follow the physical structure of the physical structure of the palace building (castle) or a place of worship (heaven, temple merajan) based on the concept of the abject mandala trimanandala linings jaba (outer) middle mandala: Jaba the middle (the outside before entering the nucleus), and the main mandala offal (the core). On the right front corner in the middle there is a building called a blank bale. The left front corner there is a building called a bale kulkul. At the core (viscera) there is a building consisting of three buildings, namely buildings in the north of Tabanan, Karangasem building in the middle - the middle, Buleleng building in the south. Tabanan building used as a place of exhibition collection of art and ethnography, Karangasem building used as exhibition objects - objects of prehistoric, archaeological history, ethnography and fine arts as well as some modern paintings. Buleleng building used as a place to exhibit a collection of tools household items, craft tools, agricultural tools and fishing, entertainment tools, statues and primitive style sedehana made of clay, stone and so forth.The third building serves as a permanent exhibition. The southern part is a new complex of buildings built in In this new complex of buildings there is the library, as well as temporary exhibition building. The whole complex of new buildings for administrative functions and organization of periodic temporary exhibitions or fairs organized by the Museum of Bali itself or certain other institutions. Staging or performing arts are also carried out in a new complex of buildings in the south. The facilities provided at the new building complex of libraries, laboratories, buildings for temporary exhibitions and a collection of contemporary heritage items, office employees. On the front all the way Lt. Col. Vishnu motor vehicle parking facilities available for visitors. There is also a canteen which sells drinks and food for the visitors
CATUR MUKA SWARA STATUE Catur Muka Swara Statue is a depiction of Brahma, the Creator. This statue stands at the crossroads in front of the office of Mayor of London. Chess Called Home (Four Faces) because it has four faces facing the four directions of the compass and was founded in The statue was created by craftsmen, led by renowned local artist I Gusti Nyoman Lempad of Ubud Village. Large granite statue as high as 9 meters have four faces, each face to keep the road Surapati, Udayana, Veterans, and Gajah Mada. It added that the four faces is a symbol of God's power. The first face signifies the fact that God is great. The second face signifies that God is King of the kings of this world and the next. The third face signifies that God is relentless and never stops working. This statue is at the center of London society activities such as events and festivals, and most famous festival is held in this place is London Festival. Around this statue, visitors can find other places of interest in Denpasar as Jagatnatha Temple, Golf Puputan Badung Traditional Market Kumbasari, and the Museum of Bali. Visit the Statue of Home Chess, Denpasar city landmark that can be an attractive destination for a holiday in Bali. BAJRA SANDHI MONUMENT Bajra Sandhi Monument is monument to the struggle of the people of Bali are located in Renon, Denpasar, Bali. This monument occupies a vast area, there are several golf balls around. Bajra Sandhi Monument is a Balinese Struggle Monument to pay homage to the heroes and a symbol of struggle for the soul nursery preservation of the Balinese people from generation to generation and from age to age. Location of the monument is located in front of the Office of the Governor of Bali Province is also in front of Parliament Building Niti Mandala Renon Bali Province in the field exactly Puputan Renon. Overall the data area rectangular monument square with the application of the conception of Tri Mandala: 1. As President Mandala is a lot / building most in the middle 2. As an Associate Mandala is a courtyard that surrounds the Main Mandala 3. As Nista Mandala is the most outer courtyard which surrounds Associate Mandala Main building of monuments to the Mandala arranged into 3 floors: Utamaning Main floor 3 Mandala is positioned at the top serves as a calm, quiet, quiet place to enjoy the atmosphere of the distance around the monument. Visitors can see the panorama Denpasar from this place. When the weather is sunny so the views of Denpasar pins. To reach this place must pass through a fairly high melingkat stairs.
Main Madyaning Mandala is a 2 floor serves as a diorama, amounting to 33 units. Floors 2 (two) of this struggle as a miniature display of the Balinese people from time to time. Dioramanya similar to those in the Monas, Jakarta. But it is here only shows the struggle of the people of Bali. Start time of the kingdom, the influx of Hindu, Majapahit, colonization, wars of independence, until today.On the outside perimeter of the room have an open porch or patio to enjoy the surrounding atmosphere.Main Nistaning Mandala is the ground floor of Building Monument, which contained information space, keperpustakaan space, exhibition halls, meeting rooms, administration, building and toilet. In the midst of the room there is a lake that is named as Puser Tasik, eight poles and also the great staircase rose-shaped tread virgin. KINTAMANI Kintamani, located in Bangli district, is one of the favorite tourist attractions tourist options both domestically and abroad. Tourism potential of this area is the views of the mountains are very unique and amazing with temperatures around 18 degrees celcius. After approximately 2 hours drive from Denpasar, we will arrive in the region, precisely at a place called Penelokan, which as the name in Balinese language means the place to look is the most strategic location to enjoy the natural scenery in the region this tour. Penelokan located in Kedisan, one of the villages in the district of Kintamani. Of Penelokan we could see spectacular scenery. The combination of Mount Batur which is still an active volcano and the second highest after Mount Agung at Besakih with its expanse of black rocks of Lake Batur is a blue crescent-shaped in a caldera of the tourists said to be a beautiful caldera in the world. Penelokan already have sufficient infrastructure as tourist attractions, such as lodging and restaurants. The best atmosphere is when enjoy lunch while enjoying the beauty of lake and mountain belching smoke friendly. Of Penelokan we have two alternatives to continue the journey in Kintamani. First we can continue north toward the village of Batur. In this village we can visit one temple in heaven Jagat Pura Batur Bali named. This temple was originally located in the southwest of Mount Batur which is then removed along with the migration of villagers to the top. The second alternative we could come down to the nearest village to the next Kedisan wade across a lake to an old village named Terunyan. Terunyan village we could see the so-called civilization of ancient Bali Aga Bali. In this village of people who died were not buried but just put it under a tree. These corpses do not smell at all.
SUKAWATI ART MARKET Sukawati Market, located in Gianyar regency, 20 kilometers east of Denpasar or 30 km from the tourist area of Kuta. Sights Sukawati Art market is a market that is very famous in Bali as selling the clothes and stuff Balinese art at low prices. Sukawati provide clothing such as a typical Balinese Batik, in addition to the typical Balinese batik is also available a variety of shirts and shorts will match prices that are used on the beach. And also there are some patterned shirts Bali. All items here can be negotiable, and the tips can cost a third of the first price offered by the retailer. And to launch an offer, should come into this market when the morning around 8-10 because the sellers had finished their prayers and deem if they are selling successfully in the morning will bring kelarisan for the next hour. In addition to cheap clothes, in this market is also famous for its art items such as paintings of various schools of painting. Also there are different models of bags. And before heading to Sukawati market, you should visit the Center Celuk Kerajina Silver. In this Celuk silverware we can buy a wide range of handicrafts made of silver. And other advantages, here we can also see firsthand how the craftsman making the silver.
BADUNG MARKET & KUMBASARI MARKET Badung Market is the largest traditional market in Denpasar. This market is located on Jl. Gajah Mada, ± 1 km to the west from downtown Denpasar (Chess Statue Front). Badung market provides a variety of needs, whether it is a necessity, traditional food, goods, Balinese art and so on. Badung market is visited by many tourists, besides they can watch the process of merchants buying and selling to buyers who are still impressed with the traditional bargaining where there is a transaction, the power suun (carrying merchandise) and so on, they can also enjoy the traditional culinary and buy various goods Balinese handicrafts. In this market sold various foodstuffs, handicrafts, textiles, and ceremonial purposes / religion. Kumbasari market located next to the river across the Badung Market, also provide for a day - the day on the ground floor, upstairs there are art-shop - art shop that sells various types of crafts from wood to fabric and painting materials and other souvenirs. Not only local people, many foreigners or foreign tourists come here to look for cheap trinkets Balinese. Badung market has a daily operating time which is open from early morning until late at night. Can even say that this market will never empty of visitors due to time operating nearly 24 hours a day. In the evening, in the market is held the night market / market bumper. Across the Badung Market Market Kumbasari there. Kumbasari market is the first market in Denpasar that sells various types of souvenirs for tourists. In between both markets are Tukad Badung River, the largest river in the city of Denpasar.