Presentation on theme: "Study Guide #7 1) Identify and define 2 examples of polical corruption in the early 1800’s 2) Identify and define 3 reform movements and their leaders."— Presentation transcript:
1Study Guide #71) Identify and define 2 examples of polical corruption in the early 1800’s2) Identify and define 3 reform movements and their leaders in the early 1800’s
22) Identify two improvements or changes in the North that contributed to an atmosphere of needed change, by the government and citizens.Improvements in Transportation (Americans could move around more easily and trade b/t regions)Erie Canal- connected New York City w. the Great Lakes/WestImmigration- cheap workers for factories*American is turning into a manufacturing and cash-crop economy
33) Briefly explain the election of 1824 and the Corrupt Bargain 4 candidates for PresidentAndrew Jackson won the most votes but did not have a majority in Electoral College12th Amendment- House of Representatives elects the Pres.Corrupt BargainHenry Clay (4th place Pres. Candidate) tells his supporters to vote for John Quincy Adams, Adams wins the Presidency and Clay becomes Sec. of StateJackson claims a Corrupt Bargain because he won the most votes and lost election, while Adams and Clay had some kind of a deal
45) Define spoils system (AKA Patronage) Rewarding political supporters with political jobs and powerWhat is the problem with this systemInexperienced people get jobs based on who they know and know very little about government
57) Define Worchester v. Georgia and how President Jackson reacted to the case Wor. V. GA. Stated the Cherokee could stay on their landJackson ignored the decision and forced the Cherokee to moveTrail of Tears- forced march of Cherokee to Oklahoma (15,000 moved, ¼ died from starvation and exhaustion)How do you think Americans reacted to the march? Why was Jackson not impeached for not enforcing the court decision?
69) Identify the First Great Awakening (when) and two important people involved in this movement Revival in religion (attracting Americans to want to go back to church by making religion more democratic and personal)Jonathon Edwards and George WhitefieldHow did religion become more democratic or equal?
710) Identify Transcendentalism and two authors Idea that people should rise above conformity and materialism and seek their own spiritual path to happiness by connecting with natureRalph Waldo Emerson- founderHenry David Thoreau “Civil Disobedience” encouraged people to not follow unfair lawsInfluences Martin Luther KingIdentify an example when Civil Rights movement encouraged people to not follow laws?Why might Americans be drawn towards Transcendentalism (think 1950’s America and Kardashians)?
811) ID Seneca Falls and two people associated First meeting for Women’s Rights“Declaration of Rights and Sentiments”- states that women have been mistreated by men and demand equal rightsElizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia MottWas Seneca Falls successful in helping women achieve equality? How? What did it achieve?
912) Define abolitionism and the founder/newspaper dedicated to this cause Movement to end slaveryWilliam Lloyd Garrison/ “The Liberator”How did William Lloyd Garrison and his newspaper begin the abolitionist movement?First time Americans became aware of the horrors of slaveryUncle Tom’s Cabin/ Harriet Beecher Stowe- most popular novel that also detailed horrors of slavery, enflamed Americans to want to end slavery
1013) ID Dorothea Dix and her cause Lead movement for better treatment in mental hospitalsHorace Mann- founder of tax supported public school movement
1114) Identify the Know-Nothings or American party Anti-Immigrant party (Nativists)Why did they have so much support b/cInflux of Irish immigrationDestroyed because they advocated violence against immigrants and were secretive