Effective Country Programme = Effective Projects
Purpose of the New Project Cycle (PC): Effective Projects Delivery New Guide to Project Cycle aims to: Improve strategic alignment of projects and their contribution to country results Improve accountability Support decentralization Support Results Based Management of projects Mainstreaming quality standards through the projects cycle steps including the mainstreaming of the UN common programming principles
Overview of the new PC Upgrade of PC management based on best practices Applies to all projects, including emergency and UNJP. Supersedes previous Field Programme Circulars and TC procedures concerning the Project Cycle. PC composed of guidelines, practical guidance, FPMIS web-based workflows and users manual. Support available: TCDM advice, training sessions, FPMIS help desk.
Five Steps: 1.Identification of a project to address specific problem/need of members to support the achievement of agreed higher level outcomes (CPF) 2.Establishment of a Project Task Force 3.Preparation of the Concept Note (CN) 4.Appraisal and endorsement of the CN 5.Formalization of relations with Resource Partners Identification Phase: 5 Steps
More holistic and reinforced Project Task Force (PTF) Roles and responsibilities of the PTF members clarified The PTF operational at the identification stage PTF under the authority of a Chair It would evolve at subsequent stages into a fully-fledged structure with appropriate skill mix Composition of the PTF Type of ProjectChairperson Members NationalFAO Representative Project formulator, LTO, Funding Liaison Officer, other relevant technical officers. SubregionalSubregional Representative/Coordinator RegionalRegional Representative Interregional/GlobalHead of technical division Identification: establishment of the Project Task Force (PTF)
Designation of Lead Technical Officer (LTO) and Lead Technical Unit (LTU) FAO Circular on Responsibilities and Relationships LTO is identified by the PTF chair as far as possible based on geographic proximity (from the nearest decentralized offices). LTU always consulted. ROs are accountable for assessing their capacity as LTU. Functional relationship is always maintained between LTO and technical divisions. Identification: establishment of the Project Task Force (PTF)
Identification Step - Concept Note The Project Concept Note is necessary for all type of projects: Ensures strategic fit between a project idea and higher level outcome (CPF/OR) Structures preliminary stakeholders and problem analysis in terms of relevance, feasibility and potential sustainability (preliminary analysis of the UN PPs) To be downloaded from FPMIS Identification: the Concept Note
Concept Note Work Flow __ Applies to regional, sub-regional and national projects Steps __ Applies to global and interregional projects Responsible officer __ Applies both Endorsement of the CN MDT officers and other representatives of technical divisions not represented in the MDT for all substantive issues which are relevant for the project ;NR officer validates the categorization Technical divisions’ officers as well as DOs officers relevant for the project ; NR validates the categorization for categorization Project formulator PTF chairperson: RR/SRC/FAOR or a delegated officer Head of the technical division/service or delegated officer Funding Liaison Officer Project formulator Peer Review of the CN The CN is finalized and uploaded into FPMIS Review of resource mobilization opportunities Preparation of the CN
Group exercise From CPF outcome: identify a project within an existing programmatic framework (CPF, SRF, RF) propose a title and an outcome statement for your project identify an OR to which this project will contribute to If you can: Participants & other stakeholders Sustainability of the proposal Synergies with other FAO projects/programmes
The PD is formulated by the Project formulator with the full support of the PTF members. The PD is further supported by FPMIS tools for the preparation of the logical framework matrix, results-based budget which feeds into Oracle, work plan and risk matrix. Formulation phase: Key Outputs: Project Document (25 pages + annexes) project agreement and funding agreement. Phase 2 : Formulation – Project Document
The New Appraisal Process Applies to all projects including emergency and UNJP A two step process which cover all current technical, financial, operational and PPRC clearances FPMIS based transparent work flow Supports retrieval of lessons learned
1.Interdisciplinary Technical Review : the project document is submitted to MDT and other relevant officers. 2.Quality Assurance Review: the project is submitted to a project appraisal committee for financial, technical and operational clearance and adherence to the programming principles: one submission for all clearances. 3.Two QA reports per year are produced by TCDM in collaboration with ROs on the results of the appraisal providing a picture of the quality of project documents by quality criteria. 4.The lessons learned are available to inform future design of projects. The New Appraisal Process
The project appraisal committee is coordinated by a project appraisal officer (PAO) based at regional office level for national, sub regional and regional projects. The appraisal is done using a check list. The New Appraisal Process: the Quality Assurance Review Project Appraisal Officer Relevance LTU CSF LEG Operational clearance by BH, SFPO Feasibility Project Appraisal Officer Sustainability
Work Flow for Project Appraisal Preparation of the Project Document Interdisciplinary Technical Review Project formulator MDT and other technical divisions not represented in the MDT which are relevant for the project. ( regional, sub-regional and national projects) All Technical divisions and relevant DOs officers. ( global and interregional projects) 3. Revision of the Project Document based on the comments provided 1. Submission of the Project Document 2. Review of the Project Document by the ITR __ Applies to regional, sub-regional and national projects Steps __ Applies to global and interregional projects Responsible officer __ Applies both Project formulator 5 days
Revision of Project Document Endorsement of PD Approval of PD Quality Assurance Review Submission of the Project Document to the PAO Review of the QAR criteria on line Consolidation of the QAR on line and provision of a global rating Project Formulator PAC Regional Office PAC HQ PAO Regional Office PAO HQ Project Formulator PAO Regional Office PAO HQ ADG RR ADG TC Rating? Reformulation of project OK NO 2. Some comments need to be addressed 3. The project is not ready for approval 1. The project is ready for approval 5 days
UN Joint Programmes procedures in FAO: the current picture Until now, no formal procedures or workflow (only ad hoc e-mails and guidance) UNDG standard format for UNJP document exists, but JPs vary considerably in quality and depth FAO components in UNJPs not always well defined and info provided not sufficient for smooth operations Most of the clearances in FAO are given post-factum, not allowing for proper quality assurance
The new Project Cycle Hanbook incorporates UNJPs A common approach to UNJPs across the Organization FAO components in UNJPs technically sound as any other FAO project Proper quality assurance in place for FAO to delivery on its joint commitments (and to secure funding, when UNJP allocation criteria is based on performance!) There is no duplication - not a full SPD needed, but only a short “FAO project description” (see page 21)
1 23 4 8 6 5 7 The UNJP cycle in FAO based on the timeline at the country level
Last but not least Project Support Cost (PSC) for UNJPs Although FAO usually charges 13% PSC, in the case of Joint Programmes there is an inter-agency agreement to apply a 7% PSC. For UN Organizations where the PSC policies foresaw higher PSC rates reimbursements than 7%, it was accepted that support costs that could be identified at country level would be budgeted and charged as direct costs (6%) against the extrabudgetary funds channeled to the Organization for implementation of the joint programmes.
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