Presentation on theme: "Science Project Strategies Gail Guzman Youth & Teen Librarian Kelli Staley Information Technology Specialist Lansing Public Library."— Presentation transcript:
Science Project Strategies Gail Guzman Youth & Teen Librarian Kelli Staley Information Technology Specialist Lansing Public Library
2 Science Projects… Teach you to manage time over a longer assignment. Teach you research skills when finding your information. Teach you to keep organized records of your experiment. Teach you critical thinking skills.
3 Our Plan Finding a topic Researching your topic – Encyclopedias & Reference Books – Non-fiction books – Online Resources Searching our catalog Finding articles
4 A Galaxy of Ideas… Where Do You Start? Books Magazines Websites
5 Books to Give You Ideas Science Fair collection Science Experiments binders
6 Magazines to give you ideas Discover Discovery Kids Mother Earth News Popular Science Science Science News
10 Using Project Idea Websites Can give you lots if ideas for your project. Can help you decide what interests you. Remember, a good idea may still be difficult to research, depending on equipment needed, or time required.
11 Ways to find a science fair project idea #1 Look at the different science categories and pick one you are interested in. Next, narrow it to a specific project. If you are interested in recycling, try a project about composting in backyard gardens!
12 Ways to find a science fair project idea #2 Use your experiences Remember a time you noticed something and thought "I wonder how that works?" or "I wonder what would happen if..." then turn that into a project.
13 Ways to find a science fair project idea #3 Think about current events. Look at the newspaper. People are hungry in Africa because of droughts - a project on growing plants without much rain, which types grow ok with little water? Or the ozone hole over Antarctica - how can we reduce ozone? -a project on nonaerosol ways to spray things. Or oil spills. how can we clean them up? -a project on how to clean oil out of water.
14 Keep it specific! Make sure your project is well defined. Pick a project that is age appropriate. Pick a project that you can accomplish. Make sure you have enough time to complete your project!
15 Sample Topics Idea: – What freezes faster, water or juice? Better Idea: – What freezes faster, water or orange juice?
16 Sample Topics Idea: – Do plants grow if you feed them? Better Idea: – Do plants grow if you feed them sugar, or salt?
17 Sample Topics Idea: – What makes mold grow? Better Idea: – What makes mold grow on bread?
18 Sample Topics Idea: – Solar panels Better Idea: – Solar panels: are they efficient, and why?
21 Scientific Method Purpose: What am I trying to discover or prove? Research. Hypothesis: What do you think will happen? Procedure: How will I do this? Your steps of an experiment. Results: What your experiment showed. Organize your data into charts or graphs. Conclusion: Evaluate results into a summary. It’s OK if your hypothesis was wrong if your results prove your experiment.
22 Research-Searching for Information on Your Topic Sometimes, terms are obvious – For plants, you can look at how they grow Often search terms require critical thinking – For solar panels, look up sunlight and energy as well.
23 Let’s Pick a Topic!
24 How to get started …an example Project topic: Why do nails rust in water?
25 Specify Your Topic Define the topic: – Why does an iron nail rust in water? – Why does an iron nail rust in salt water? – Does an iron nail rust faster in a 25% salt water solution or a 50% salt water solution? – Does an iron nail rust faster in ice water, 60 degree water, 100 degree water, or boiling water?
26 Check the Dictionary! Rust (noun) 1. Any of various reddish-brown oxides formed on iron and iron containing materials by low-temperature oxidation in the presence of water. 2. Any of various metallic coatings formed by corrosion.
27 Decide on Your Search Terms Water Iron Chemical interaction Corrosion Oxidation Rust
28 Background Reading Explore the library resources to find information on the general concept that your science project investigates.
29 Beginning Your Research
32 Dewey Decimal System: How the library is organized Science materials have call numbers in the 500s-600s. General Science 500 Chemistry 540 Botany (plants) 581 Biology 574
33 Reference Collection
34 General Collection
35 Lansing Library Catalog
36 Sorting & Limiting
44 Internet Research
45 Can’t trust everything on the internet
46 Trusted Websites Lansing Public Library – www.lansing.lib.il.us Illinois Clicks! – www.illinoisclicks.org Internet Public Library – www.ipl.org Librarians’ Internet Index – www.lii.org
47 Lansing Library Website
48 Illinois Clicks!
49 Internet Public Library
50 Librarian’s Internet Index
51 Wikis: Collaborative Websites A wiki is a group of Web pages that allows users to add content, as on an Internet forum, but also allows others (often completely unrestricted) to edit the content.
52 Wikis: Edited by a wookie? Caution! It may contain unreliable, unverified information, and may not be the best source for information. Image: http://swg.stratics.com/content/lore/personas/images/chewbacca.gif
53 Wikipedia www.wikipedia.org
54 5 Tips for Success Start as soon as your teacher assigns a project. Don’t wait until the last minute. Plan ahead. Ask Librarians if you need help finding information. HAVE FUN!
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