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Business English at Work © 2003 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.

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Presentation on theme: "Business English at Work © 2003 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill."— Presentation transcript:

1 Business English at Work © 2003 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

2 Business English at Work Capitalization Capitalize the first word in a sentence. Capitalization Rules PP 6-2a Managing time reduces stress. Capitalize proper nouns. Do not capitalize common nouns. The Benbow Inn is in California. We attended a time management workshop. Capitalize the names or nicknames of specific persons. Elena CatelliNick

3 Business English at Work Capitalization Always capitalize the pronoun I. Do not capitalize other pronouns unless they appear at the beginning of a sentence. Capitalization Rules PP 6-2b I return my phone calls at 11 a.m. He kept his urgent papers in a red folder. Capitalize specific names of geographic locations. Do not capitalize general location names. Kansas City is located in both Kansas and Missouri. The mountains of Colorado are beautiful.

4 Business English at Work Capitalization Capitalize informal substitutions for proper nouns and shortened versions of proper nouns. These substitutions are often referred to as imaginative names and nicknames. Capitalization Rules PP 6-2c the Oval OfficeAir Force One Mother Naturea Big Mac Big Brother (intrusive big government) the Beltway (Washington, D.C.) the Big Apple (New York City) City of Angels (Los Angeles) the Pacific Rim continued

5 Business English at Work Capitalization Italian leatherfrench fries Greek foodmanila folder Australian hatarabic numbers Capitalize adjectives formed from proper nouns. However, adjectives formed from proper nouns that are now commonly used and that are no longer identified with those nouns are not capitalized. Capitalization Rules PP 6-2d Proper AdjectivesCommonly Used Adjectives continued

6 Business English at Work Capitalization Valley of the Moon CampInn at the Tides The Pet PantrySonoma State University Capitalize the first letters of all major words in names of companies, institutions, organizations, and clubs. Do not capitalize articles (a, an, the), conjunctions (and, but, or, nor), and prepositions with fewer than four letters (of, in, on, by) unless one of these words is the first word of the name. Companies, Institutions, and Clubs PP 6-3a

7 Business English at Work Capitalization Capitalize the specific names of departments, committees, project teams, or divisions within the organization with which the writer is associated. Departments, Committees, and Divisions PP 6-4 The Human Resources Department offers time management seminars. Do not capitalize names of departments, committees, project teams, or divisions if words other than the appear before them or if the names are not precise. Call someone in their accounting department about your refund.

8 Business English at Work Capitalization Government Units PP 6-5 Capitalize specific official names of foreign, national, state, and local government units. The Republic of Ireland National Park Service Capitalize the names of agencies, divisions, departments, offices, commissions, and boards. Human Services Department Cultural Heritage Board Capitalize short forms of the names of government units. the House the Congress

9 Business English at Work Capitalization Titles PP 6-6a Capitalize a social, professional, religious, academic, political, or military title that precedes a name. Mrs. Jamie Chen Dr. Bruce Comstock Professor Betty Howell Mayor Bob Lindsey Capitalize a title that follows the name of a high-ranking foreign, national, or state government official. Capitalize a title used to substitute for the complete name of a high- ranking government official. George W. Bush, President of the United States Thomas Vilsack, Governor of Iowa

10 Business English at Work Capitalization Family Titles Capitalize the title of a family member when it is used by itself or when it is used in direct address. PP 6-7 I always wondered how Father found time to coach Little League. I will not be home for dinner tonight, Mom. Capitalize the title of a family member when it precedes a name. I ride to work with Aunt Julia.

11 Business English at Work Capitalization Publications Capitalize the first letters of all the words with four or more letters in the title of a book, magazine, or newspaper. Underscore or place these titles in italics. Do not capitalize articles, conjunctions, or prepositions with fewer than four letters unless they are the first or last words in the title. PP 6-8a Ames Daily Tribune Travel and Leisure The Boston GlobeSports Illustrated magazine

12 Business English at Work Capitalization Events and Holidays Capitalize the names of historical and current events, holidays, and special events. PP 6-9 Vietnam War Thanksgiving Labor Day Leukemia Curathon Summit Avenue Walking Tour

13 Business English at Work Capitalization Acts, Bills, and Laws Capitalize specific titles of laws, acts, codes, and amendments. PP 6-10 Child Safety Law 102 Family and Medical Leave Act Do not capitalize general names of laws, acts, codes, or amendments. the animal control regulations several conservation bills

14 Business English at Work Capitalization Academic Degrees Capitalize a specific academic degree that follows a person’s name. PP 6-11 Jan Reynolds, Ph.D., teaches time management. Do not capitalize academic degrees used in a general way. She received her associate’s degree from Pikes Peak Community College.

15 Business English at Work Capitalization Languages Always capitalize names of specific languages. PP 6-12 Mark speaks Danish and Swedish fluently. This computer program translates English into Japanese.

16 Business English at Work Capitalization Education Levels, Subjects, and Courses Capitalize a specific education course title. PP 6-13 Office Communications 202 Do not capitalize the general name of a course or area of study or a general level of education. majoring in computer applications earning an accounting certificate completed classes in business English and communications

17 Business English at Work Capitalization Religious References Capitalize the names of specific religious groups, religious days and books, names of churches, and any adjectives formed from religious terms. PP 6-15 JudaismKoran ChristiansEaster

18 Business English at Work Capitalization Days, Months, and Seasons Capitalize days of the week and months of the year. PP 6-16 MondaySeptember Do not capitalize the name of a season unless it is listed with a specific year or is included in the specific name of an event. summer sales Art in Autumn Festival

19 Business English at Work Capitalization Abbreviations Capitalize an abbreviation representing a proper noun. PP 6-19 UPSUnited Parcel Service AFLACAmerican Family Life Assurance Company Capitalize some shortened forms of common nouns. CPAcertified public accountant PCpersonal computer CEOchief executive officer


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