Presentation on theme: "Uganda REDD-Plus Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) Presented to the 8 th Meeting of the Participants Committee of the FCPF in Da Lat, Vietnam March."— Presentation transcript:
Uganda REDD-Plus Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) Presented to the 8 th Meeting of the Participants Committee of the FCPF in Da Lat, Vietnam March 25, 2010 By Xavier Mugumya
GENERAL INFORMATION R-PP Secretariat Alex B. MuhweeziTechnical Coordinator, REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal Sheila KiconcoProgramme Officer, REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal Xavier MugumyaNational Coordinator Climate Change/REDD Focal Point (NFA) REDD-Plus Working Group (30-60 members) Sara Namirembe (PhD)Katoomba Group Robert Charles AgumaASRDEM Ltd Timm Tennigkeit (PhD)UNIQUE East Africa Ltd Sean WhiteIndependent Forestry Consultant REDD -Plus Steering Committee (25-30 members) IUCN, Environmental Alert, Care Uganda, Water Governance Institute, Eco-Trust, Tree Talk, ACODE, Tobari/IPACC, NAPE, BUCODO and Uganda Media Trust Financing: R-PP formulation Grant from FCPF US$ 200,000; Royal Norwegian Embassy in Uganda US$ 183,500; GoU and other civil Society Organizations: in Kind
The Objectives of Uganda’s REDD-Plus Readiness are: Objective #1: Elaboration of actions for addressing the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation; Objective #2: Development of practices for sustainable management of forests and conservation of forest stocks; Objective #3: Demonstrate implementation of Uganda’s REDD-Plus Strategy; Objective #4: Development of MRV for REDD-Plus activities; and Objective #5: To strengthen national and institutional capacities for participation in REDD-Plus.
Priority Actions and Measures for Uganda’s REDD-Plus Readiness will be: Defining institutional arrangements Developing operational procedures and guidelines. Capacity building Defining strategies for addressing the drivers Establishing a forest reference emissions levels and an MRV Developing framework for assessing likely social and environment impacts of REDD-Plus.
Uganda’s REDD-Plus Readiness will be have the following outputs: Institutional arrangements for implementing Uganda’s REDD - Plus Strategy in place. Procedures and guidelines for conducive REDD- Plus implementation in place. Capacity for REDD-Plus implementation. Strategies for addressing deforestation and forest degradation, the role of conservation, sustainable forest management and building Carbon Stock adopted Forest reference emissions levels published and an MRV in place. Framework for assessing likely environment and social impacts of REDD-Plus.
Uganda’s Political and Administrative Context 24,000,000 Ha M inhabitants 112 districts 22 Municipalities 174 Town Councils 1365 Sub-counties Our neighbors are DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania
1a. National Readiness Management Arrangements The Timeline for achieving Uganda Readiness for REDD-Plus (Qualifying or FCPF Support) (Formulation and Approval of R-PP) (Uganda REDD-Plus Readiness Actions) REDD Project Identification Note (R-PIN) Preparation of R-PP (Consultations, Studies, Proposal preparation, R-PP Approvals). Implementation of R-PP resulting into REDD Strategy for Uganda (Capacity building, Development of Strategies, Development of systems and tools, Piloting activities, Completing information).
1a. National Readiness (Continued): R-PP Formulation actions Uganda’s motivation to do R-PP: to have a credible roadmap for mobilizing resources to tackle deforestation and degradation; and to meet global obligations; REDD – Plus Readiness Proposal preparation involved the following: 1.Information sharing and selected consultations with Stakeholders: Nearly 2,500 people representing 7 different categories of stakeholders were directly consulted between April 2010 to March 2011; 2.Studies on land use, policies and governance that helped identify drivers; formulation of options for addressing the drivers including potential social and environmental impacts; a plan for establishing a forest scenario and MRV; 3.Actual drafting of the R-PP: done by the combined effort of the R-PP Secretariat, the REDD-plus Working Group under the guidance of the National Steering Committee
1a. National Readiness (Continued): Stakeholders and their roles in R-PP formulation and implementation 1 1.During the preparation of the R-PP: Ministry of Water and Environment chaired the REDD-plus Working Group and the National Steering Committee; its agency the National Forestry Authority acted as focal point and secretariat host; Collaborating Government Ministries and Agencies: Government ministries and agencies responsible for energy, agriculture, livestock, physical planning, land use planning, land administration, environmental management, wildlife, trade, development planning, economic management and local governments were actively engaged; Districts hosted the awareness and consultations meetings and served on the REDD Working Group and on the Steering Committee; The R-PP formulation process benefitted from a variety of non-government institutions consisting of NGOs, Private Sector, Academia and Cultural Institutions through provision of information, advice and service during public consultations; 2. During the implementation of the R-PP stakeholder participation will continue but roles may change as shown in the next slide and Fig.2 as well
1a. National Readiness (Continued): Stakeholders and their roles in R-PP formulation and implementation 2 INSTITUTIONSUMMARY OF THE MANDATE/ROLES StakeholdersParticipating in implementation processes The National Policy Committee on Environment (Legal organ established in 1995 under the Environment Act of Uganda (Cap 153)) Help to harmonize policies; provide functional linkage with the executive and cause smooth integration of REDD-plus in Development plan Ministry of Water and Environment Supervision, co-ordination and reporting Forestry Sector Support Department (FSSD) serving as National REDD-Plus Focal Point Implements mandate of the Lead Ministry; hosts the focal point for REDD National Technical CommitteeReplaces the current REDD-plus Working Group Implementing institutions Participate on Committee but also implement as assigned Task Forces (five theme based task forces)Provide in-house expertise Coordination Coordination and supervisions responsibility of the Lead Ministry Executive functions (MoWE); within the framework of multi-sector approach Policy level Coordination and supervision by REDD-Plus Steering Committee Will be done by the National Level Steering committee REDD-Plus Steering CommitteeProvide strategic direction
1 b. Stakeholder Consultation and Participation during R-PP formulation: ASPECT OF CONSULTATIONREMARKS REDD Working GroupThe RWG met more than 12 times from March 2010 to February 2011 REDD-Plus Steering CommitteeREDD-Plus Steering Committee met at least 3 times Stakeholder consultations (Nearly 2,500 people representing 7 different categories of stakeholders were directly consulted) Region and Area of Focus a)National b)Regional (Eastern, Northern, Western, Central) c)Special Groups (Charcoal, firewood, pole, dealers, etc) d)Forest Dependent People 1(Nakapiripirit, Moroto, Kotido and Abim districts of Karamoja e)Forest Dependent People 2(Abatwa) of South West and Western Uganda f)Forest Dependent People 3(Benet) Mt Elgon area g)Community level Stakeholders (South-western, Central, Eastern, Northern, North-west) National (Policy, Development Partners) Media and Publicity National Stakeholders meeting to Validate the R-PP One meeting national stakeholders to validate the draft R-PP
1 b. Consultation and Participation during R-PP Implementation ASPECTREMARKS Uganda shall develop a Consultations and Outreach Plan (REDD- C&P). a)REDD+ Strategies and implementation framework informed by stakeholder’s views and contributions. b)REDD+ implementation progress known and monitored by stakeholders c)REDD+ Plus benefits accessible by stakeholders across sectors and at all levels. d)REDD+ Strategy contributes towards national development priorities and the MDGs. We propose to develop an Awareness and Communication Strategy (RACS) a)To raise public and stakeholder awareness of REDD-Plus and R - PP Process. b)To mobilize stakeholder’s involvement in the REDD-Plus Strategy development and Implementation. c)To communicate to the Stakeholders on Uganda’s preparations for “becoming” Ready for REDD-Plus. The Consultations and Feedback Views generated from consultations shall be analyzed and incorporated into the REDD- Plus Strategies. Conflict resolution and grievances management system during R-PP implementation a.Ensuring that all factors that may hinder successful implementation of REDD-Plus in Uganda are pointed out and remedies identified. b.Measures for detecting and predicting, preventing emergence or minimizing escalation of conflicts and grievances. c.Capacity and systems for conflicts resolution and grievances management, including strengthening the application of existing conflict resolutions and grievances management systems. d.Safeguarding REDD-Plus investments. e.Establishing a multi-stakeholder neutral or independent conflict resolution mechanism.
Uganda R-PP Implementation Coordination and Supervision Structure Lead Institution (Ministry responsible for Forestry) Lead Institution (Ministry responsible for Forestry) National Focal Point/ Secretariat Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) Implementing Institutions ( to be selected when REDD Strategy is completed.) NATIONAL POLICY COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT REDD Steering Committee National Technical Committee Thematic Taskforces
2a. Assessment of land use, forest policy and governance Land Use/land cover in Uganda: Uganda’s Biomass Study categorises different land uses in the country, into 13 land cover/land use classification types: 1.Broad leaved plantations 2.Coniferous plantations 3.Tropical High Forest well stocked 4.Tropical high forest low stocked 5.Woodland 6.Bush land 7.Grassland 8.Wetland 9.Small scale farmland 10.Commercial farmland 11.Built up area 12.Open Water 13.Impediments
2a. Assessment of land use, forest policy and governance Summary of the Assessment of Land use in Uganda ASPECT DETAILED REMARKS Land Tenure in Uganda Land tenure in Uganda is regulated under several legal frameworks such as: Constitution of Uganda 1995 (amended 2005), he 1998 Land Act, The Registration of Titles Act and The Customary Land law; The Forestry and Tree Planting act 2003; The Wildlife Act. Article 237 of the 1995 constitution (amended 2005) provides for the following four forms of land tenure in Uganda: Customary; Free hold; Mailo; and Leasehold. The various categories of land tenure have implications for deforestation and forest degradation (Table 15) Forest resource rights and implications for REDD-Plus According to Article 43 of the 1998 Land Act, who owns or occupies land manages and utilize it in accordance with the existing laws; A landowner is the tree owner except in a leases and licenses arrangement; The 2003 National Forestry and Tree Planting Act, classifies forests according to tenure as :e.g CFR, LFR, Dual mgt areas, community forests All these arrangements for forest management have direct implications on REDD-Plus (Table 16) Forest resource rights and implications for REDD-Plus There are a number of current legal provisions in the arrangements for forest management that have direct implications on REDD-Plus (Table 16) Forests and carbon tenure in Protected Areas Ugandan Law (e.g. The National Forestry and Tree Planting Act (2004) provides for protected areas stewardship: Forests and carbon tenure in privately owned forests Provided that a forest is registered, the Act states that all produce in that forest belongs to the forest owner and may be used in any manner the owner may determine provided it falls within the management plan and regulations provided under the NFTP Act. Implications on forest dependent people This R-PP does not exhaust the identification of the likely impacts,
2a. Assessment of land use, forest policy and governance: Location of Forests in Uganda
2a. Assessment of land use, forest policy and governance: Trends in Forests cover loss in Uganda No.Land cover typeArea 1990 (ha)Area 2005 (ha)Change % 1 Broad leaved18,68214, Conifer16,38418, Tropical High Forest (well stocked) 651,110600, Tropical High Forest (low stocked) 273,062191, Woodland3,974,5082,777, Bush1,422,1932,968, Grassland5,115,4264,063, Wetland484,030753,04156* 9 Small scale farmland8,400,7898,847, Large scale farmland68,447106, Built up area36,57297, Impediments37417, Open Water3,689,6033,706, ,155,24624,155,347-
2a. Continued: Trends in forest cover loss In 1890 forest cover in Uganda was about 10,800,000 Ha In 1990 forest cover in Uganda was 4,900,000 Ha In 2005 forest cover in Uganda was 3,600,000 Ha Between 1890 and 1990, average annual forest loss was nearly at 60,000 ha/year Between 1990 and 2005, average annual forest loss was estimated at 90,000 ha/year
2a. Continued: Main Direct Drivers of Deforestation and forest Degradation in Uganda 1.Agricultural expansion into forested land 2.Population growth 3.Unsustainable cutting of trees for charcoal 4.Unsustainable cutting of trees for firewood 5.Unsustainable harvesting of timber 6.Livestock grazing and bush burning 7.See large Table on Pg 36
2a. Continued: Analysis of Drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in Uganda (see large table) DRIVERUnderlying causes and Key AgentsCurrent interventions Agricultural expansion into forested land Direct Causes for agricultural expansion: Commercialisation of agriculture: Poor agricultural practices Weak extension system Problem animal control Culture demand for more land to meet the increasing demand for food for a growing population The key agents are small-scale farmers (88 % of the population of Uganda), immigrants and Private large scale monoculture farming (Palm Oil and Sugar Canes). In other instances agriculture follows after forest disturbance. Management of Forest Estates: eviction of encroachers has been the most common method of controlling agricultural expansion into forests; But responsible institutions are not able to do it. They give weak institutional capacities and political involvement as the reasons for their failure Developing Strategy and guidelines for nationwide Tree planting and forest land restoration and for Plantation establishment in forest reserves Saw log Production Grant
Analysis of Drivers (cont.): Previous efforts to address deforestation and forest degradation in Uganda Previous efforts to halt, reverse and avoid deforestation and forest degradation have not been successful due to several factors including: – Weaknesses in the enforcement of law and policy and regulation of use of forest resources. – Institutional reforms such as decentralized management of forest reserves have not been effective in achieving their mandates. – Poor standards of governance in public administration are recognised as a major concern by the Government of Uganda across all sectors including forestry (NDP 2010). – Over-all, efforts to reduce deforestation and forest degradation in Uganda should seek to address political interests, institutional capacities and credibility, population pressures, benefits sharing, tenure of land and tree resources, alternatives to forestry resources, and competitiveness of forestry resource and, Consistent and effective law enforcement.
2a. (Cont)Forest policy and governance Forestry policy and governance is considered in the context : adequacy and/or inadequacy of – policies, legislation and – institutional arrangements for forestry management in Uganda, enforcement and compliance to these policy and legal provisions, the role of international policy regimes, the role of research, management of trans-boundary forestry resources and processes e.g. The Lusaka Agreement Taskforce Rights to forestry resources (trees and carbon) in relation to REDD-Plus The analysis of the above policy and legal frameworks reveals that the following policy areas need to be addressed: Enforcement and compliance to policy and legal provisions Promotion of alternative energy sources Promotion of efficient wood energy production and use technologies Sustainable management of forests and forestry resources Strengthening stakeholder’s participation in development, management and conservation of forests and forestry resources.
2b. REDD Strategy Options Based on the analysis in 2a, the following approach was used to arrive at the possible strategy options (See large Table 25) DriverIssuesPotential StrategyPotential Areas of Intervention Agricultural Encroachmen t Largely subsistence and practicing bush clearing for expansion of agricultural land Agricultural encroachment into protected areas Competition between trees and other crops for available land Strategic Option #1: Strategies for addressing deforestation and forest degradation caused by agricultural encroachment on forested lands. Strengthening partnerships with Communities as neighbours to protected forest areas Clarification of property rights to forests and trees Agricultural intensification to minimize size of land under agricultural use Increasing land productivity per land unit Carry out cost-benefit analysis for maintaining land under forest management in reference to conversion of such land to agricultural use
2b. REDD Strategy Options Process for developing and assessing the REDD-Plus Strategy options during The process for developing, validating and finalizing the REDD-Plus Strategy will involve – assessment of the potential strategies outlined above, – generating additional information as necessary to refine the strategies, – prioritization and selection of strategies that are most likely to be successful and most cost effective, – selection of strategies and sites for pilot testing as necessary during the R-PP period, – consulting stakeholders on strategic choices, – testing and evaluating results, – evaluating social and environmental impacts of proposed strategies, and – Finalization of the REDD-Plus strategy through a consultative process. The process of developing the REDD Plus Strategy will be led by a task forces under the direction of the REDD Focal Point as described in Component 1a and apply the Consultations and Participation Strategies defined under Section 1.7.1
2b. REDD Strategy Options The proposed steps to be undertaken during the R-PP implementation phase leading to finalization of the REDD-Plus Strategy are described below. 1. Assign the task of developing the REDD-Plus Strategy to the relevant task forces 2. Initiate work of the task force 3.Hold first consultative workshops to ensure stakeholder involvement and create the necessary linkages between the task force, National REDD-Plus Steering Committee and key stakeholder groups. 4. Begin early implementation of pilot strategies. 5. Evaluate and monitor outcomes of early implementation activities. 6. Develop and finalise the National REDD-Plus Strategy, based on those strategies that are deemed suitable for inclusion in national strategy. 7.Publicity and awareness activities to inform the public and stakeholders of the approved REDD-Plus Strategy for Uganda.
2C. REDD IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK Two types of implementation are envisaged: 1.Implementation if the R-PP measures and activities outlined; In order to ensure cost-effective implementation of R-PP, the following strategies are proposed: a.Institutional strengthening:. b.Integration of REDD-Plus Strategy into national development and sectoral plans and programmes:. c.Collaboration and participation: d.Monitoring and evaluation: e.Ensuring REDD-Plus compliant investments:. f.Integrating Cross cutting issues: 2. Concerning the implementation framework after the agreed REDD-plus strategy: a ToR has been attached.
2 D. SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS An Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) will be prepared to guide the incorporation of social and environmental safeguards in the course of preparing the Strategy. Mandatory safeguards are: safeguards for policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries World Bank safeguard policies National appropriate safeguards Procedure for considering the safeguards and a work schedule has been prepared
COMPONENT 3: DEVELOP A REFERENCE SCENARIO: Uganda’s Approach and work flow for setting the reference scenario (Fig.6) Data Availability and Gaps The main activity data set in Uganda on land use changes is the National Biomass Study (NFA, 2009). It is based on: – the interpretation of two sets of satellite images (SPOT XS from and Landsat TM from ) using the FAO Land Cover Classification System (LCCS) and – a national grid based biomass field inventory with 2 to 4 data points per forested sampling point from the period between From this study the available data and some of the gaps are as follows: – Historic deforestation and forest degradation activity data and emissions can be extracted. This is the data that will be used to estimate the initial emissions. – For some sample points additional remote sensing analysis is required and the NFA is currently preparing to analyse Landsat data for This will help meet the minimum of three data points in time as recommended (GOFC-GOLD Sourcebook, 2009) – The accuracy level of the remote sensing and the biomass field inventory is unclear and needs to be analysed. – The reporting must be aligned with IPCC guidelines. – Depending on the accuracy level historic information may not be suitable for developing REDD+ scenarios and/or the inventory design needs to be modified. – A number of sub-national data sets exist that needs to be assessed in terms of its quality and integrated into a national database.
COMPONENT 3: DEVELOP A REFERENCE SCENARIO: Uganda’s Approach and work flow for setting the reference scenario Data Availability and Gaps (Table 32) Carbon emission data and emission factors In the framework of a comprehensive study (National Biomass Study phase I) – 3000 trees from 123 species were sampled destructively and for – 4,500 trees green and dry weight were measured and single tree biomass functions were developed. – Almost 4,000 permanent sampling plots were established in Uganda to estimate woody biomass for different forest types. – 10 % of these sample plots have been revisited several times to gain information on biomass dynamics, reflecting degradation and growth. – However, the quality of the emission data is uncertain and needs to be assessed before it can be used to develop the reference scenario. In the framework of the National Biomass Inventory only for the living above ground carbon pool Tier 3 data is available. Historical emissions: we shall use the IPCC Guidance Consideration of influence of identified drivers
COMPONENT 3: DEVELOP A REFERENCE SCENARIO: Uganda’s Approach and work flow for setting the reference scenario This is the summary of proposed actions and measures: Design and Coordination Capacity building Evaluate and modify the NBS for Accuracy assessment of NBS, and Methodology modification to match REDD+ requirements Acquisition to the remote sensing data, Acquisition of equipment (hardware & software), Data processing, analysis & interpretation and Acquisition of remote sensing data including the assessment of their accuracy Field inventory (gather and evaluate emission data) Historical emissions considerations especially Combination of activity and emission data Reference Scenario including peer review including a possible consideration of the development of national reference scenarios
1.Scope of MRV: we shall have a national approach with a possibility for sub-national possibilities; 2.Procedure for planning: 1.Setting the foundations : the country strives for Tier 3 but will begin with Tier 2 at the national level and then for sub-national or projects level we shall work for the third tier. 2.Defining mandates: FSSD will coordinate all the REDD-plus actions but the appropriate agencies will be assigned work on the MRV; 3.Planning a monitoring system: the current National Biomass Study will be adjusted to take care of UNFCCC requirements 4.Design of sub-national monitoring systems: this will depend on the requirements of UNFCCC and other competent bodies. 3.Data collection 1.Remote sensing and ground truthing shall be used to collect the data required. Social and other qualitative data may need a special way of collection, collation and analysis 2.Data management and reporting will be in accordance with UNFCCC guidance. But specific institutions shall take lead in areas of their competence. 3.Community involvement in forest monitoring: it is planned that appropriate MRVs will be designed to take care of the unique circumstances of communities COMPONENT 4: DESIGNING A MONITORING SYSTEM
4B. MONITORING OTHER BENEFITS AND IMPACTS Monitoring of co-benefits of REDD-Plus implementation will be an integral part of the monitoring system: Among others to meet the monitoring requirements of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. important forest and non-forest products, Socio-economic drivers of deforestation/forest degradation will be incorporated in the system, including ecosystem services (such as soil and water conservation) will be monitored either in the framework of the national monitoring system, sub-national monitoring or dedicated research projects. Of course this requires additional funding which needs to be secured.
4B. STEPS FOR MRV INCLUDING MONITORING OTHER BENEFITS AND IMPACTS The Measures and activities required for development of a credible MRV system that includes the monitoring other benefits and impacts Coordination activities Objectives and standards of the monitoring system Capacity building: Monitoring at district level; Training on evaluation of high resolution remote sensing data; Pilot projects for community monitoring; Training on data management Development of monitoring plan – Develop set of indicators and measurement methodologies for monitoring of ecological and social co-benefits – Selection of methodology and tools – Development of procedures and work plans Development of reporting system: – Design of data management system – Integration of REDD+ projects System review MRV implementation: i.e. Acquiring remote sensing data; Acquiring field inventory data; Data processing and analysis; QC and QA; Verification
COMPONENT 5: DESIGN A PROGRAMME MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR R-PP The R-PP Monitoring and Evaluation Framework focuses on: Promoting accountability Promoting learning, feedback, and information sharing M&E implementation modalities and responsibilities The day to day responsibility for implementing the R-PP M&E Strategy will be undertaken by the REDD-Plus National Focal Point. This task will be assisted by: – REDD-Plus Steering Committee which shall oversee the implementation of M&E Framework. – Implementing Institutions who shall be responsible for monitoring the progress of R-PP component activities and giving feedback to REDD-Plus National Focal Point. – Beneficiary communities’ representatives who shall be responsible for supporting communities in implementing community level monitoring indicators in collaboration with REDD-Plus National Focal Point Information management system and procedures Information and experiences on R-PP performance will be disseminated internally – among REDD-Plus Implementing Institutions – and through additional dissemination workshops/meetings arranged as necessary and Through relevant, media and publications. R-PP partners, participating communities and donor(s) will receive summaries of reports to keep them abreast about work progress. Wider audiences will be reached through additional dissemination achieved by posting of pertinent information on relevant websites. Reporting and accountability On a semi-annual basis, REDD-Plus National Focal Point, in collaboration with REDD- Plus Steering Committee, shall prepare and submit to the Lead Ministry progress reports on activities and targets. The second semi-annual report will also comprise the annual status report for the concluding year.
COMPONENT 6: SCHEDULE AND BUDGET Summary of Activity Plan and Schedule for Developing REDD-plus Consultation and Out-reach Plan and Budget $338 Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for Developing Conflicts and Grievances Management Strategy and Budget $44 Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for Developing REDD-plus Awareness and Communication Strategy (RACS) and Budget $139 Summary of Activity Plans and Schedule for carrying out Assessment of Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance Activities and Budget $625 Summary Activity Plans and Schedule for Developing REDD-Plus Strategies and Budget $7,605 Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for developing REDD Implementation Framework and Budget $640 Summary Activity Plans and Schedule for Developing the ESMF and budget $305 Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for developing Reference Scenario and Budget $1,600 Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for developing MRV and Budget $1,230 12,526