And, In Ohio Ohio is one of only 13 states that allows a complete Physical Education exemption policy Ohio’s HS age population reported 55% inactivity levels (11% higher than national average) Making Ohio’s HS age population 13% overweight or 4th highest in the nation in overweight
So, How Bad Is It? In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and the New England Journal of Medicine report this generation will be the first in the history of this great nation whose life expectancy will be shorter than the generation before them – the first in US history!
Economic Costs Associated with Obesity are High Direct and indirect health care costs of obesity and overweight: $98 billion in 2004 1,2 ½ of costs publicly financed by Medicare or Medicaid 1 For Obese Vs. Normal Weight Adults: Healthcare costs 36% Higher Medication costs 77% Higher Obesity accounted for over 25% of the increase in per capita health care costs between 1987 and 2014 1. Finkelstein EA, Fiebelkorn IC, Wang G. National medical spending attributable to overweight and obesity: How much, and who’s paying? Health Affairs 2003;W3;219 2. Institute of Medicine. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the balance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2005 3. Sturm R. The effects of obesity, smoking, and drinking on medical problems and costs. Health Affairs. 2002;21(2):245. 4. Thorpe KE et al. The impact of obesity on risking medical spending. Health Affairs. 2004;W4:480.
Why it Matters Most overweight children have at least 1 major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, such as: – High cholesterol – High triglycerides – High insulin – High blood pressure As well as increased Type 2 Diabetes Rates
What We Want The American Heart Association & OAHPERD Advocate for the Following: – All students get quality PE from K-12 – Elementary students get 150 min/wk – Middle, Sr. High students get at least 225 min/wk – Ensure PE time can’t be waived or substituted – PE requirements met for HS graduation
We also know that ….. Physical fitness levels are positively related to academic test scores Physical activity impacts brain activity Regular physical activity improves mood, helps relieve depression, and increases feelings of well-being California Association for HPERD (2001) study of Academic Achievement and Physical Fitness Students N=954,000 Findings 5 th Grade N=353,000 Strong positive relationship between reading, math, and physical fitness test scores 7 th Grade N=322,000 Ditto, but even greater gains by students achieving 3 or more minimum fitness standards 9 th Grade 279,000 Ditto, similarly for both boys and girls
Does Physical Education Equal Physical Activity? National & Ohio Standard #3 Standard Three of the National Standards for Physical Education states that “a physically educated person participates regularly in physical activity” (NASPE, 2004a, p. 11). This standard connects what is done in physical education class with the lives of students outside of the classroom. The standard addresses the use of skills and knowledge learned in physical education class for participation in physical activities of one’s choosing.
Freshman/Sophomore OHIO CORE Period 1 Eng Period 2 Math Period 3 Sci Period 4 SS Period 5 Elective 1 Elective 2 Period 6 Period 7 HEALTH Semester 1Semester 2Semester 1Semester 2
Junior/Senior Years OHIO CORE Period 1 Eng Period 2 Math Period 3 Sci Elective 4 Period 4 SS Elective 5 Period 5 Elective 3 Period 6 Period 7 PE Semester 1Semester 2Semester 1Semester 2
Key Policy Questions? Is a physical education substitution policy in the best interest of students? Does such a policy directly benefit the education of the students? What are the long-term implications of this policy on health care costs, worker productivity, and the health, welfare and well- being of our community? Should we really adopt a physical education substitution policy?
To Learn More: Contact: The Ohio Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (OAHPERD) 17 South High Street, Suite 200 Columbus, Ohio 43215 614-221-1900 www.ohahperd.org