Presentation on theme: "Macintosh OS X. What is an operating system? O Like cars, computers have operating systems (sometimes abbreviated OS). O A computer operating system is."— Presentation transcript:
What is an operating system? O Like cars, computers have operating systems (sometimes abbreviated OS). O A computer operating system is the set of commands and actions needed to tell the computer what you want it to do.
What is an operating system? O Here are some basic tasks for all operating systems: O Boot/Reboot/Shut down O Disks: names/contents/removing a disk O Start/quit programs O Delete/rename/copy files O Format disks O Copy disks
What is an operating system? O Mac OS and Windows are the most commonly used computer operating systems. O These systems come in numerous versions (Mac OS 9, Mac OS X, Mac OS X Lion, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, etc)
Mac OS X - Keyboard O Special keys include Option and Command (Apple, “cloverleaf”)
Basic symbols Some short cuts…. + z = Un do + s = Save + w = Close a window + p = Print + c = Copy + q = Quit an application
Mac OS X - Desktop the “dock” The dock is used to launch applications and switch between running applications.
Mac OS X - Booting O To boot means to start the computer when it is off (“cold boot”). O It comes from the word “bootstrapping” - to “pull itself up by its own bootstraps”. O To boot a Macintosh, press the Power On button:
Mac OS X - Restarting O To reboot/restart means to restart the computer when it is on (“warm boot”). O To reboot a Macintosh, choose Restart from the Apple menu.
Mac OS X - Shut Down O To shut down means to turn off the computer O To shut down a Macintosh, choose Shut Down from the Apple menu. O Select Shut Down
Mac OS X - Disk Names O All Macintosh disks are given names, usually assigned by the user (like My Disk or DOCUMENTS). O The disk drives do not have names (as they do in Windows), just the disks themselves have names.
Mac OS X - Disk Contents O When any disk is inserted in a Macintosh disk drive, it appears as a icon on the desktop. O To see the contents of a Macintosh disk, double click on the disk icon.
Mac OS X - Windows O When you open a file or program, the contents are displayed in a window (Mac had them first!).
Mac OS X - Windows close put on dockresize drag here to resize
Mac OS X - Disk Removal O Macintosh disk drives generally do not have an eject button. O The standard method of removing a disk and a flash drive is to drag its icon to the Trash (in the dock). The Trash becomes an eject symbol. O There may also be an EJECT command in one of the menus.
Mac OS X - Starting Programs O The usual way to start a program on a Macintosh is to double click on the program icon. O You may also click once if the icon is displayed on the dock. O Opening a document created by a program will automatically start the program.
Mac OS X - Quitting Programs O The usual way to quit a program on a Macintosh is to choose the QUIT command from a menu (the name of the program in the menu bar). O Command Q is a shortcut for quitting. O Note: Closing a window does not quit a program (as it does in Windows).
Mac OS X - Deleting Files O Drag the file icon to the Trash and empty the Trash (choose Empty Trash from the Finder menu). O In Mac OS X, the Trash can is on the dock.
Mac OS X - Renaming Files O Click on the file name (shown below the icon or in a list). O Wait about one second, then retype the name as you want it.
Mac OS X - Copying Files O To copy a file on to a different disk, drag the file icon to the disk icon and drop it. O To make an extra copy of a file on the same disk, choose Duplicate from the File menu. Note: The second copy will need a different name.
Mac OS X - Copying Disks O Mac OS X has a program called Disk Copy that allows you to copy disks. (in Applications->Utilities) O You can also copy a disk by dragging it to the hard drive (it becomes a folder), then dragging the folder contents onto another disk.
Mac OS X - Formatting Disks O Macintosh computers can read and write either Mac-formatted or PC- formatted disks. O Blank (unformatted) disks are automatically formatted (follow instructions on the screen). O Disk Utility can be used to format.